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Passe Compose

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Evelyn Reyes

on 18 February 2014

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Transcript of Passe Compose

Passé Composé
Two Types:
Passé Composé avec "avoir"
Passé Composé avec "être"
Passé Composé avec "Avoir"

This form of passé composé is used for the majority of verbs.
It consists of:
PRESENT OF "AVOIR" + PAST PARTICIPLE OF THE VERB
Present of "Avoir"
J ' ai
Tu as
Il/Elle/On a
Nous avons
Vous avez
Ils/Elles ont
+
Past Participle Verbs
Verbs ending in -er

-er changes to -é
ex: nager ----> nagé
Verbs ending in -ir

-ir changes to -i
ex: finir ----> fini
Verbs ending in -re

-re changes to -u
ex: attendre ----> attendu
Regular Past
Participle Form of Verbs
Irregular Past
Participle Verbs
avoir ---> eu
être ---> été
faire ---> fait

mettre ---> mis
prendre ---> pris
voir ---> vu


Examples
Vous

avez

fini
vos devoirs.
Subject
Present form
of avoir
Past Participle Form
Nous

avons

regardé
la télé.
Subject
Present form
of avoir
Past Participle Form
Tu

n'

as

pas

dansé.
Subject
Present form
of avoir
Past Participle Form
Negative Form
surrounds "avoir"
Passé Composé avec "Être"

This form of passé composé is used for the verbs known as the "VANDERTRAMPPs"
It consists of:
PRESENT OF "ÊTRE" + PAST PARTICIPLE FORM OF THE VERB
THAT MATCHES THE SUBJECT OF THE SENTENCE
Present of "Être"
Je suis
Tu es
Il/Elle/On est
Nous sommes
Vous êtes
Ils/Elles sont
Past Participle Verbs
+
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
The verbs that use "être" can all be categorized under:
All the verbs under this category are verbs of coming and going. An easy way to remember them is by picturing a building and determining whether the verb could be performed there.

For example:
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
1. DEVENIR
- Means "to become"
- Not exactly a verb of coming and going but it is easy to remember because it has the word "venir" in it which means "to come." Venir is a verb of coming and going
-Devenir is an irregular verb
The past participle is: devenu
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
2. REVENIR
- Means to "come back"
-Revenir is an irregular verb
The past participle is: revenu
* It follows the same pattern as "devenir"
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
3. MONTER
- Means "to go up"
-Monter is an regular verb
The past participle is: monté
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
4. RESTER
- Means "to stay"
-Rester is an regular verb
The past participle is: resté
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
5. SORTIR
- Means "to go out" or "exit"
-Sortir is an regular verb
The past participle is: sorti
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
6. VENIR
- Means "to come"
-Venir is an irregular verb
The past participle is: venu
*Easy to remember because it follows the same pattern as "devenir" and "revenir." That is because "venir" is the stem word
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
7. ARRIVER
- Means "to arrive"
-Arriver is a regular verb
The past participle is: arrivé
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
8. NAÎTRE
- Means "to be born"
-Naître is a very irregular verb
The past participle is: né
* You can remember this verb by thinking of it as one of the big coming & goings of life. You come into this life when you are born.
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
9. DESCENDRE
- Means "to go down" or "descend"
-Descendre is a regular verb
The past participle is: descendu
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
10. ENTRER
- Means "to go in" or "enter"
-Entrer is a regular verb
The past participle is: entré
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
11. RETOURNER
- Means "to return"
-Retourner is a regular verb
The past participle is: retourné
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
12. TOMBER
- Means "to fall"
-Tomber is a regular verb
The past participle is: tombé
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
13. RENTRER
- Means "to go home"
-Rentrer is a regular verb
The past participle is: rentré
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
14. ALLER
- Means "to go "
-Aller is a regular verb
The past participle is: allé
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
15. MOURIR
- Means "to die "
-Mourir is a very irregular verb
The past participle is: mort
*You can remember this verb by thinking of it as one of the big coming and goings of life. You leave this life by dying.
*You can also remember that this verb is very irregular because the big coming of life "naître" is very irregular as well.
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
16. PARTIR
- Means "to leave"
-Partir is a regular verb
The past participle is: parti
DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMPP
17. PASSER
- Means "to go by" or "to go through"
-Passer is a regular verb
The past participle is: passé
It is important to remember that not only do these verbs use "être" as their helping verb, but these verbs also have to modified to match with the subject.
If the subject of the sentence is:
Masculine and singular: do not change it
Feminine and singular: add an "e" to the end
Masculine and Plural: add an "s" to the end
Feminine and Plural: add an "e" and an "s" to the end
ex. "devenu" remains "devenu"
ex. "devenu" changes to "devenue"
ex. "devenu" changes to "devenus"
ex. "devenu" changes to "devenues"
Examples
Nous

sommes

allés
chez moi.
Subject
Present form
of être
Past Participle modified
to match with "nous" which is plural and masculine
Elles

sont

revenues
à deux heures.
Subject
Present form
of être
Past Participle modified
to match with "elles" which is plural and feminine
Il

n'
est

pas

venu
avec Marc.
Subject
Present form
of être
Past Participle is
unchanged because
the subject is
masculine and singular
Negative Form
surrounds "être"
Tips for the Homework & Test
*Memorize the present forms of "avoir" & "être"
*Remember that when using "être" you have to change the past participle to match the subject
*That also means that when you have a past participle verb of coming and going that is changed to match the subject, the helping verb needs to be "être"
Activity
Directions:

I will show you several images of people performing various actions. Your group must decide if that verb uses "être" or "avoir." When your group has decided, one person will write it on the white board and hold it up. The group that holds up the correct answer the fastest gets a point. The winning team gets a prize.
tomber
Uses être
manger
uses avoir
danser
uses avoir
naître
uses être
voir
uses avoir
aller
uses être
nettoyer
uses avoir
descendre
uses être
Exception to the Rule!
The verbs
monter
,
passer
,
descendre
,
rentrer
and
sortir
all use être as the helping verb unless:
They are followed by a direct object! In that case, they use avoir.
Example:
•J’ai descendu
le sac
Direct Object
Full transcript