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Anna Karenina presentation

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Nargiz Mitalipova

on 30 March 2013

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Transcript of Anna Karenina presentation

Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy Symbols & Motifs Tone Dramatic Forgiveness Trains Marriage & Family Life Frou-Frou Plot Conflict Plot & Conflict Anna Karenina consists of two plots that are intertwined into one. The first revolves around Anna Karenina, a beautiful Russian socialite trapped in a loveless marriage with famed politician Alexey Karenin. " 'He understands nothing and feels nothing...he's not a man, not a human being...he's an official machine!' " (Tolstoy, 380) Her life, while unhappy, is relatively calm until the dashing Count Vronsky enters her life. Anna plunges into a passionate affair, forsaking her husband and child, and turning her back on the society she used to be a part of. The affair leads to the deteriorating of her mental and physical health, and to her eventual demise. Anna is miserable in her marriage and is torn between the respect of society and her temptation for Vronsky
Levin is unhappy with bachelor life and feels that having a family will cure the emptiness inside him. However, even after he wins Kitty over, he is still discontent. His main conflict is trying to find contentment and happiness in his life Trains are seen frequently throughout Anna Karenina. They are frequently used as bad omens in the story, and they symbolize destruction and death. When Anna arrives at the train station to meet her brother, the first "bad omen" occurs. " A guard, either drunk or too much muffled up in the bitter frost, had not heard the train moving back and had been crushed" (70). This even forshadows Anna's eventual fate, as she throws herself under a train at the end of the novel. The motif of marriage and family life is arguable the
most important in "Anna Karenina". The novels
opening quote even centers around this motif: "All happy families are alike; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way" (1). Marriage and family life is viewed as the key to a meaningful life-this is shown in Levin and Kitty, as they love each other deeply and they are relatively happy, although their relationship is not perfect. It is also shown in Anna, who becomes depressed after forsaking her family and running off with Vronsky. Another important motif is forgiveness, which is
demonstrated by various characters in "Anna
Karenina". At the beginning of the novel, Dolly must
forgive her husband, Stepan, for cheating on her.
Anna's husband, Alexey, also forgives Anna for having an affair shortly after she nearly dies in childbirth. "He suddenly felt that the very thing that was the source of his sufferings had become the source of his spiritual joy...he forgave his wife and pitied her for her sufferings" (440). Tolstoy emphasizes the importance of forgiveness as a Christian value, and portrays those who forgive in a positive light. The tone of "Anna Karenina" is dramatic and suspenseful. Anna's affair and her suicide are written powerfully."And at the instant she was terror-stricken at what she was doing...she tried to get up, to throw herself back, but something huge and merciless struck her on the head and dragged her down on her back.". Tolstoy also uses suspense in the story- at the most dramatic moments, such as Anna telling her husband that she is having an affair, he leaves the reader in suspense and goes on to narrate Levin's farming problems for the next few chapters. Characters & Development Theme Old Countess
Vronsky Count Vronsky Varya
Vronskaya Aleksandr
Vronsky Alexei
Vronsky Annie
Vronskaya Anna
Karenina Princess
Oblonskaya Prince
Oblonsky Alexei
Karenin Seryozha
Karenin Stiva
Oblonsky Dolly
Sherbatskaya Tanya, Grisha,
Masha, Lily
Alesha,Vanya, Nikolenka Young Prince
(unnamed) Natalie
Sherbatskaya Arseniy
Lvov Kitty
Sherbatskaya Two sons
(unnamed) Konstantin
Levin Mitya
Levin Old Princess
Sherbatskaya Old Prince
Sherbatsky Dmitri
Levin Levin's mother
(unnamed) Nikolai
Levin Sergius
Kozynshev Ivan
Koznyshev Character Map There are a lot of characters with an
intricate web of relationships, so it
can be easy to get confused! Here's
a map to help you out Vronsky Family Oblonsky Family Sherbatsky Family Levin Family Karenin Family Character Descriptions Anna Karenina A high society socialite who is trapped
in an unhappy marriage with famed
politician Alexei Karenin. This leads to her running off with Count Vronsky, and to her eventual demise. Anna is
charismatic and beautiful, along with
being intelligent and warm-hearted. She is very passionate, which is what leads her to the affair. Alexei Karenin Alexei Vronsky Stiva Oblonsky Dolly Sherbatskaya Kitty Sherbatskaya Konstantin Levin Nikolai Levin Plot (continued) The second plot centers on Konstantin Levin, an intelligent and wealthy but socially awkward farmer. Levin, tired of his lonely life in the country, longs to make the lovely Kitty Sherbatskaya his wife and start a family. Kitty initially rejects him, but later decides to marry him. After they marry and have a son, Levin finds he is still discontent. "He had imagined married life to consist merely of the enjoyment of love and from which no petty cares could distract...at every step he found his former dreams disappointed" (Tolstoy, 504). He eventually comes to a religious awakening and becomes happy with his life. Levin's story appears to be a reversal of Anna's fate. Frou-Frou is the the horse Vronsky rode in a
race. Frou-Frou and Vronsky were in the lead, until Vronsky made a wrong move, killing the horse. "Vronsky made a fearful, unpardonable mistake, in recovering his seat in the saddle. All at once his position had shifted and he knew something awful had happened...The clumsy movement made by Vronsky had broken her back" (211).The horse symbolizes Anna, and Vronsky's accidental murder of Frou-Frou symbolizes how he leads Anna to her demise. The race itself, fraught with perils and obstacles, symbolizes the danger of Anna and Vronsky's relationship. Anna's husband. Alexei is a famous politician in St. Petersburg, and he is extremely intelligent and well-educated. Throughout most of the novel, he is portrayed as cold and emotionless, but we see a caring side of him when he forgives Anna for her wrongdoings after she nearly dies in childbirth. At the end of the novel, he has fallen to a pathetic level, listening to French psychics and having fallen in the government, no longer the confident and authoritative man he once was The officer with whom Anna has an
affair. He meets her at a ball and falls
instantly in love with her, breaking
Kitty Sherbatskaya's heart. Vronsky is described as good looking, as well as passionate and ambitious. He treats Anna well, even when she becomes paranoid and jealous, and is a kind man. Anna's brother, who occupies a role in
the government. Although he often steers in the wrong direction (he has several affairs throughout "Anna Karenina") and displays a lack of morals, he is ultimately a benevolent and good hearted character who cares deeply about his friends and family. Kitty's older sister and Stepan's wife.
Dolly is seen as a motherly figure who
offers advice to the other characters
and is very sympathetic. At the beginning of the novel, she learns of her husband's affair but manages to forgive him, highlighting her true character. Dolly's younger sister and Levin's wife. She is delicate and frail, which contrasts starkly with her stubborn and headstrong personality. She marries Levin halfway through the novel after having refused his proposal once before. A socially awkward and intelligent
farmer. Levin is a very complex character, who dislikes abiding by society. He is well-learned in many aspects, particularly in philosophy. Levin is also very stubborn and quick tempered. Levin's younger brother. Nikolai
is very erratic and free-thinking. He, like Levin, dislikes society, yet he acts more strongly on this, living in shambles and drinking his days away. Nikolai becomes very sick and dies by Levin's side. Character Development Anna Karenina Anna's character changes drastically, perhaps for the worse. During her marriage with Alexei, although she dislikes him, she loves her son and enjoys a high spot in society. Anna is secured, dignified and self-confident. Throughout the affair, as she feels herself being excluded from the society that she once thrived in, her mental health starts to deteriorate. She becomes hysterical, depressed, and bitter, which leads to her tragic suicide. Konstantin Levin Unlike Anna, Levin's character develops postively in "Anna Karenina". He starts out as a lonely, somewhat bitter man who dislikes society and has very few friends. He loves Kitty Sherbatskaya passionately, and is devastated when she refuses his proposal initially. After marrying Kitty and having a son with her, he is still discontent, feeling nothing for the child and even contemplating suicide. However, he meets a peasant one day, who recommends that Levin should live for the present, and he comes to a religious awakening. He becomes happy with his life and family. The theme of Anna Karenina is that family
is important, and the key to happiness. After
forsaking her family, Anna becomes miserable, and after starting his own family, Levin finds himself happy. "In his brest a tremor rose higher and higher, and tears that would not be checked came into his eyes" (477). Although family life is not shown to be perfect-Kitty and Levin have their fair share of problems-it is shown to ultimately lead to contentment and peace.
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