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Writing an Essay: Introduction and Thesis

Examples #1 and #2, Adapted from the following source: Fleming, Grace. "How to Write a Strong Introductory Paragraph." About.com.
by

Jennifer Curtin

on 13 October 2016

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Transcript of Writing an Essay: Introduction and Thesis

A hook
Explain topic
Thesis
Example #1
Example #2
Example #3
using a quote...
Example #3
-using a question
Example #1
Example #2
Example #3
- grabs the reader's attention
- introduces the reader to your topic
- is universal -- something people can relate to or be intrigued by without having prior knowledge of your topic
The Elements of an Introduction
Hillary Rodham Clinton once said that “There cannot be true democracy unless women's voices are heard.”
Example #1
Example #2
-using a statistic or fact
The pentagon has twice as many bathrooms as are necessary.

Have you ever felt out of place and alone in the world?
In 2006, when Nancy Pelosi became the nation’s first female Speaker of the House, one woman’s voice rang out clear. The historical event also paved the way for Senator Clinton as she warmed her own vocal chords in preparation for a presidential race.
With these developments, democracy grew to its truest level ever.
The pentagon has twice as many bathrooms as are necessary.

The famous government building was constructed in the 1940s, when segregation laws required that separate bathrooms be installed for people of African descent. This building isn’t the only American icon that harkens back to this embarrassing and hurtful time in our history.

Have you ever felt out of place and alone in the world?
Maybe these feelings are familiar to you, just as they are for the protagonist, Holden, of the novel “Catcher in the Rye” by JD Salinger. Holden suffers from being misunderstood by people at his school, his parents, and those he meets on his impromptu trip to New York City.
Although other people do not take the time to get to know the real Holden, he also prevents people from doing so by running away and not communicating well.
gives reader helpful/necessary info
explains the essay topic; starts narrowing down the focus
sets up the thesis (main idea)
often includes
TAG
when discussing literature: Title, Author, Genre*
* REMEMBER: TAG can come before the thesis statement! It doesn't have to be in the thesis!
Hillary Rodham Clinton once said that “There cannot be true democracy unless women's voices are heard.”
Addresses the prompt by answering with a specific
focus
.
Is argumentative (someone could prove another point;
not just a simple fact
)
Answers the "
so what?
" factor:
Why is this idea important?
clearly states your main point
Hillary Rodham Clinton once said that “There cannot be true democracy unless women's voices are heard.”
In 2006, when Nancy Pelosi became the nation’s first female Speaker of the House, one woman’s voice rang out clear.
The historical event also paved the way for Senator Clinton as she warmed her own vocal chords in preparation for a presidential race. With these developments, democracy grew to its truest level ever.
Women's voices in politics have created an honest, fair dialogue about important issues that affect every member of society, not just the standard of privileged, Caucasian men.
The pentagon has twice as many bathrooms as are necessary
.
The famous government building was constructed in the 1940s, when segregation laws required that separate bathrooms be installed for people of African descent. This building isn’t the only American icon that harkens back to this embarrassing and hurtful time in our history.
There are many examples of leftover laws and customs that reflect the racism that once permeated American society, reminders that we still have room to grow in terms of equality and justice.

Have you ever felt out of place and alone in the world?
Maybe these feelings are familiar to you, just as they are for the protagonist, Holden, of the novel “Catcher in the Rye” by JD Salinger. Holden suffers from being misunderstood by people at his school, his parents, and those he meets on his impromptu trip to New York City.

Although other people do not take the time to get to know the real Holden, he also prevents people from doing so by running away and not communicating well;

however, Holden’s journey of self-exploration and eventual interactions with others makes him see that there is actually something for him to live for.
YOU NEED:
- a
hook AKA a grabber
- to
explain/set-up
the thesis
- a
thesis
statement
stating a fact
In the novel The Lord of the Flies by William Golding, innocence is lost and children will never see the world in the same way again.
Example #4
In the novel The Lord of the Flies by William Golding, innocence is lost and children will never see the world in the same way again.
Golding introduces a scenario that reminds one of TV shows such as "Survivor" or "Lost;" instead of adults competing with each, he writes about an abandoned island where children are left to their own devices after a tragic plane crash during WWII. What do the youth reveal about our natural human instincts?
Example #4
In the novel The Lord of the Flies by William Golding, innocence is lost and children will never see the world in the same way again.
Golding introduces a scenario that reminds one of TV shows such as "Survivor" or "Lost;" instead of adults competing with each, he writes about an abandoned island where children are left to their own devices after a tragic plane crash during WWII. What do the youth reveal about our natural human instincts?
According to William Golding, human beings, children even, are inherently savage; without society's controlled structure, people show the "darkness of man's heart."
Example #4
Fleming, Grace. "How to Write a Strong Introductory Paragraph." About.com.
Fleming, Grace. "How to Write a Strong Introductory Paragraph." About.com.
Fleming, Grace. "How to Write a Strong Introductory Paragraph." About.com.
Fleming, Grace. "How to Write a Strong Introductory Paragraph." About.com.
Fleming, Grace. "How to Write a Strong Introductory Paragraph." About.com.
Fleming, Grace. "How to Write a Strong Introductory Paragraph." About.com.
Universal/general
Focused/specific
A FUNNEL: The Introduction Paragraph
YOU CAN USE...
an anecdote (
very
short story)
fact/statistic
a question
a quote
a challenging/bold statement
Hook/grabber
get reader's attention/introduce topic and then transition from hook to...
topic explanation
make your topic clear and get to your...
thesis set-up
get your reader ready to understand your main idea, AKA your.....
THESIS STATEMENT
the central focus and clear
answer to the prompt;
everything in the
body paragraphs
will support
and prove
it!
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