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Lesson 1: Scholasticism and Humanism

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on 3 April 2017

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Transcript of Lesson 1: Scholasticism and Humanism

Lesson 1: Scholasticism and Humanism
Unit 7: Renaissance and Reformation
How did education change in the Renaissance?
Scholasticism

(medieval method of study based on logic, looking to organize and defend a known truth)
Not looking for truth
Felt they had found truth in the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church
Medieval scholars
Is the purpose of education to find truth? Why or why not?
Instead of looking for truth, medieval scholars:
Accepted tradition
Expanded on and explained truth that was already known
Based everything on authoritative texts, not original documents
Much as most students do for essay questions.
What can be the problem with accepting tradition?
This is like always studying textbooks instead of reading outside sources--even for religion classes.
Is this a good way to learn?
Impact on education
Researchers did not draw conclusions
Found proof needed in the texts that were already available
No hands-on learning
Even medical doctors just studied books--did not examine sick people while they were in school
How is this different from the way we learn (if at all)?
Thomas Aquinas*
Applied categorizing and logic techniques of Aristotle to the Bible
Felt that reason and faith could coexist in interpreting Christian doctrine
How much do you agree with Thomas Aquinas?
Humanism

(study of Latin and Greek classics and of the Church fathers, partly to promote a rebirth of ancient values)
New way of studying
Studied manuscripts in original languages that were as close to the actual documents as possible
Needed knowledge of Latin and Greek in order to do this
Why?
Tried to copy the classical writing style
Subjects studied
History
Philosophy
Latin and Greek
Why do you think these subjects were suddenly so popular?
Humanist writing
Inspired by love
Drawn from personal experiences
Challenged tradition by not being in Latin
How ironic!
Challenged the Church's--and the pope's--supremacy
Do you think writers got in trouble for this?
Contrasting scholasticism and humanism
Scholastics summarized and compared views of authorities
Humanists went to the original sources and drew their own conclusions. They thought for themselves.
Is today's education more scholastic or humanistic? Why do you think we've made that choice?
Humanists studied people--humans
Impact of humanism on education
The ideal was to be well-rounded
Do we have the same ideal today?
New educational system
Disciplined reading of ancient authors like Plato and Aristotle
Physical exercise
Games with intellectual pursuits
Just like the ancient Greeks!
Also educated women (at least, noblewomen)
Humanism impacted:
European literature
Thinking
Discovery
Wait a minute! The dates of the Renaissance are 1400-1600, roughly. Christopher Columbus came to the New World in 1492.
It all started with Italian humanists:
More manuscripts
Broader interests
Better technical skills
Why?
Full transcript