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Transcript of ~Family Laws~
Q: In Law 129, what does it mean to "bind them and cast them into the water?"
Q: In Law 168, what does it mean to "disinherit" a son?
The Family Laws
Law 129: If a married lady is caught [in adultery] with another man, they shall bind them and cast them into the water
Q: Overall, are these laws regarding family just?
Listing of the Laws
By: Lexi, Cassie, Jericho and Charlotte
Q: That is, are they fair to the accused? to the victim? to society as a whole?
Q: Two Crimes in the document result in physical punishment. What are those crimes?
Law 148: If a man has married a wife and a disease has seized her, if he is determined to marry a second wife, he shall not divorce the wife whom the disease has seized. She shall dwell in the house they have built together, and he shall maintain her as long as she lives.
Law 168: If a man has determined to disinherit his son and has declared before the judge, I cut off my son," the judge shall inquire into the son's past and if the son has not committed a grave misdemeanor...the father shall not disinherit his son.
Law 195: If a son has struck his father, his hands shall be cut off.
Q: How might Hammurabi argue that the punishments were just?
Q: Hammurabi said that his code was meant to protect the weak. Is there evidence in this document that the code did so?
A: In Law 168 when it refers to disinheriting a son, it means to eliminate the son from the fathers will. The son will no longer receive or inherit any property or items that belongs to father.
A: In Law 129, bind means to tie or fasten something tightly. This would mean that the wife committing adultery and the man playing a role are tied together and thrown in the water to drown and die. This was such a harsh punishment because it was despised so much.
A: The two crimes in the document that result in physical activity are Laws 129 and 195. One states to be thrown in the water to drown and the second is to have a son having his hands cut off.
Personal Injury Law
A: Hammurabi may say that these laws
are just because he thought that his
citizens should be punished for their
inappropriate behavior. He thought
everyone should have a punishment
to teach them how to act maturely
and appropriately in his city-state.
A: Hammurabi said that his code was made to protect the weak. For example, in Law 195, he said if a son has struck his father, his hands shall be cut off. This law was an example of protecting the weak because it was meant to protect the father from being hit again by his son. Now, the son can no longer hit his father, he will be safe.
A: These laws regarding family are
not just. If a father's son hit him,
the father should be able to come
up with the punishment, not the
government. For the other laws,
there should be punishment,
but not such severe consequences.
A: These laws are not fair to the accused,
a son should not have his hands cut off, a woman who committed adultery should
not be drowned. Some of these laws are fair to the victim. For example, if a father's son has done something bad, he has the choice to disinherit him. Also, if
a father's son hit him, and he gets his hands cut off, it is fair to the father. These laws are fair to society because it will cause people to not break