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Japan's Political System

An analysis of the Japanese government structure and brief look at its economy & culture.
by

Anni Ngo

on 13 March 2012

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Transcript of Japan's Political System

Japan Culture Economy Political System The Country Land of the Rising Sun Land Size:
374,744 sq km
Natural features:
Volcanoes
Monsoons
Earthquakes & tremors
Tsunamis
Eat rice with almost all their meals but Western food also exists! The Samurai is the Japanese culture's symbol Manga and Anime are popular in Japanese culture Jungle Taitei (1966) Lion King (1994) Random Fact: 3 principle religions:
Shinto
Buddhism
Christianity
Severe secularism in politics & education
High tolerance to any religion Christmas - Christianity
New Years - Shinto
Weddings - Shinto/Christianity
Funerals - Buddhism Parliamentary Democracy
Constitutional Monarchy Parliament (Diet) [Kokkai 国会] Cabinet Head of Government Head of State Prime Minister
Naoto Kan 菅 直人 Emperor
Akihito 明仁 Emperor lost government power after WWII Since WWII, Japan has not had an official army, but presently, they have a "self-defense force."
(自衛隊 Jieitai) Japan's constitution bans the government from ever declaring war. Japan's armed forces One core government
based in Nagata Cho Upper House (Sangi-in 参議院)
House of Councilors
Lower House (Shugi-in 衆議院)
House of Representatives 480 seats
term of 4 years
Elections:
300/480 Single-member districts
(Populations vote from 2 to 8 representatives)
180/480 Multi-member districts
(proportional representation)
Can be dissolved by lack of Vote of Confidence by cabinet 242 seats
term of 6 years
Elections:
121/242 Parallel Voting System - 1/2 of members are obliged re-election every 3 years
73/242 Prefectural Districts
48/242 nationally elected (proportional representation) Led by Prime Minister
-Party leader of dominant party in Parliament (the formateur)
-appoints, assembles, or dissolves cabinet member
-creates bureaucracy to regulate groups & institutions Must receive vote of confidence to maintain power If PM or ministers fail to receive the vote of confidence, then the Cabinet will collapse If the votes result in a gridlock between the upper house and lower house, then the lower house always wins Political Parties Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ)
Social Democratic Party (SDP)
Liberal Democratic Party (Jiminto/LDP)
New Clean Government Party (Komeito)
Japan Communist Party (JCP) 2009 2010
System mixed Officially, Japan has a capitalist economy. However, there seems to be some socialist aspects 1. Public employees are treated well
2. Government intervenes on the markets
3. Government assists in medical insurance for those who need it
4. As much government corruption as other socialist countries "Japan is the most mature socialist state."-Mikhail Gorbachev, last head of USSR Industry Toyota
Honda
Nissan
Matsuda
Mitsubishi
Subaru Panasonic
Sony
Toshiba
Konami
Nintendo
Self-sustenance rate of food
40%
(USA - 120%) 3 main traditional employee systems
that influences Japanese economy (good and bad) Seniority System
(nenkoujoretsu 年功序列) Lifetime employment system
(Shuushinkoyou 終身雇用) Death from overwork
(Karoushi 過労死) Earthquake 2011 Date - Magnitude
March 11 - 9.0
March 22 - 6.6
April 7 - 7.1
April 11 - 6.6 Capital: Tokyo 東京 Tokyo Tower #1 Exporter
semiconductor chip History Government response Nuclear Plant Low homocide rate!
High suicide rate! 2009 World Bank
127,560,000 Japanese After WWII, MacArthur democratized Japan.
Constitution was established
"The sovereignty of the people"
"The basic human right" 11 A.C. to 13 A.C. Nihon was recognized Controversial topic
-Media says response was quick; if the earthquake hit any other country, damage would be worse
-Public does not like government's attitude towards radiation problem -Multiple plants are leaking radiation
-Too dangerous to check and fix "the symbol of the state and the unity of the people"
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