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Achievement Motivation

A Level Physical Education

Justin Yau

on 15 August 2013

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Transcript of Achievement Motivation

Mr J Yau Achievement Motivation Why do we take part in sport? Recreation Health / Fitness Friendship Social Contact Achievement Shuttlecock Game (5 Shots)
Roller Ball Game (Target Hitting)
Higher or Lower Game! (Maximum 10) Games 1 Point for Large, 2 Points for Medium, 4 Points for Small According to psychologists, Achievement Motivation Theory states that we have within our personality a need to achieve and a need to avoid failure. What motivates us to Achieve?? Achievement Motivation Theory: The theory that an individual's behaviour is determined by the interaction with the environment and their desire to succeed Need to achieve (nAch): The motivation to succeed or attain particular goals; people with nAch-type personalities Need to avoid failure (naf): The motivation to avoid failure; people with Naf-type personalities show avoidance behaviours Tasks we've just done- who won and why? marking on personality traits! Next Task- As a group of four, can you link the statements with the characteristics of Nach & NAF? Characteristics of nAch and naf Last Lesson... nAch *Shows APPROACH behaviours.
*Seeks out challenges.
*Concerned with standards of performance and excellence- will do extra training.
*Enjoys performing in situations when they are being evaluated.
*Is not afraid to fail.
*Attributes performance to internal factors.
Keeps going at task for long (task persistence).
*Values feedback from others. Naf *Shows avoidance behaviours.
*Avoids challenging tasks- prefers easier!
*Avoids situations where success is 50:50 and evaluation is possible.
*Performs worse when being evaluated.
*Tends to be preoccupied with failure.
*Attributes performance to external factors.
*Lacks task persistence.
*Does not value feedback. Conclusions *Achievement motivation is linked with personality. *We do not ALWAYS show nAch/ naf characteristics- the opportunity sometimes doesn't arise and we are clever in winning. When there is a 50/50 situation, then it can be seen. *Competitiveness will encourage the nAch/naf personalities to come to fruition. *How do we interpret success? Success interpretation may determine motivation. For some people, victory is everything (Lombardian Theory/ Ego Orientation) whereas others see it as down to their own efforts and abilities, so they don't mind losing as long as they may have achieved a PB or played well (Task orientated) Ego Orientated: Interpreting success as a sign of superiority over others.
Task Orientated: Interpreting success as playing well. What approach should a coach take? *Athletes who are ego oriented may need goals/targets set which allows comparison with others.
*Athletes who are task oriented goals will need goals related to personal performance criteria. Lesson Objectives WALT: Learn about achievement motivation and understand how it is used in a sporting context. WILF: ALL of you should know what achievement motivation is and how Nach/ NAF personalities are present in different athletes by the end of the lesson.

ALL will also be able to answer exam questions on this topic. You should now be able to.... *Define what achievement motivation is. *Explain the difference between nAch and naf. *Explain how the motive to achieve depends on incentive value and probability of success. Why do you take part in sport? Right down your reasons for participation on the post stick notes.
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