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kidney stones

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Madonna Makram

on 15 May 2013

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Transcript of kidney stones

Herbal treatment of kidney stones 2- Urivin effrvescent granules 3- kellagon capsules & effervescent granules What is a kidney stone? Khella (Ammi visnaga) Kidney Stones Ingredients
Ammi visnaga 180 mg
Cymbopogon proximus 72 mg Piperazine citrate has been reported to produce an apparent decrease in measurements of serum uric acid.
Khellin and atropine sulphate, by their relaxant action, relieve urinary tract spasm during excretion of urates. . Proximadiol and Kelin acts as spasmolytic by direct action on the smooth muscle of the ureteral level thus improving the accompanying spasm and pain. By kelloglicosides and terpenes, Kellagon has a diuretic effect due to increased glomerular filtrate rate. Terpenes are metabolized to glucuronide and lithic effect on calcium-based stones. Indications
Renal , ureteral and cystic lithiasis Teamwork Formation A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material formed within the kidney or urinary tract called renal calculi. Kidney stones can be formed when soluble substances in the urine—such as calcium, oxalate, and phosphorus—become highly concentrated.
People who do not drink enough fluids may also be at higher risk, as their urine is more concentrated. Symptoms Pain while urinating.
see blood in the urine.
feel a sharp pain in the back or lower abdomen. The pain may last for a short or long time.
May be nausea and vomiting with the pain.

However, people who have small stones that pass easily through the urinary tract may not have symptoms at all. Diagnosis A helical CT scan without contrast material.
X-ray of the abdomen along with the administration of contrast dye into the bloodstream. Definition Dried ripe fruits of ammi visnaga F. umbellefrea. furanochromones : khellin, visnagin, khellol glycoside
pyranocoumarin : visnadin diuretic.
powerful antispasmodic for ureter muscles
decrease its tonity so ease the passage of calculi. Origin a.c Mechanism of action & uses Halfabarr (camel grass) Origin Dried areal parts of cymbopogan proximus F. graminea. a.c diterpenes :proximadiol and proximal Uses & mechanism of action used in renal colic
ease passage of calculi Lemon juice 6-7 lemons /day led to reduction in size of calculi and some times their disappearance. Products in market 1- PROXIMOl COMPOUND Effervescent granules Composition:

Halfa bar extract
Equivalent to 8 mg Proximadiol

Piperazine citrate

Hexamine Proximadiol produces ureteric dilatation while increasing the propulsive movement of the smooth muscles of the ureter, helping the expulsion of the calculi.

Piperazine citrate dissolves uric acid and urate crystals prevents their deposition in the urinary tract.

Hexamine acts as an effective urinary antiseptic which liberates formaldehyd that possesses antibacterial activity against many bacteria responsible for urinary tract infections. indications:
for expulsion of ureteric stones
Uric acid dissolvent Urinary antiseptic. Contraindications:
- Hypersensitivity to any of the components.
- Impairment of renal or hepatic function. Calcium phosphate stones are common and easily dissolve in acidified urine. Citrate solutions can detach calcium oxalate stones from the urinary tract and dissolve them more effectively. So potassium or magnesium citrate supplements will work well towards treating this type of kidney stones and also used for uric acid stones. Types of kidney stones Calcium stones :

(80%) are made of calcium compounds, especially calcium oxalate or Calcium phosphate. Uric acid stones :

(5% to 10%) are made of uric acid, a waste product normally passed out of the body in the urine. How to dissolve kidney stones? Piperazine Citrate.....................0.165 g
Colchicine.................................0.3 mg
Khellin....................................1.75 mg
Atropine sulphate...................0.128 mg
Citric acid anhydrous.......................Q.S.
Sodium bicarbonate........................Q.S. Indications & mechanism Composition Mechanism of action Ebram ashraf , Ebram emad saad , Ebram emad g , Olivia ashraf , Sylvia emad ,Carolin abdalla , Kareem george ,Madonna makram , Martina mamdoh , Mary samy , Mary magdy , Marian adeeb , Marina atalla , Merna george , Mariam eleshaa Under supervision :
Dr Rabab Mohammed
Dr Elham amin
Dr Marwa Indications Prophylaxis against urate stones • Known hypersensitivity to any of the components.
• Blood dyscrasias
• Acute anuria or hyperkalemia
• Pregnancydehydration Contraindications Thanks Refrences - Herbal medicine book for fourth pharmacy students code 208
-Earthclinic folk medicine www.earthclinic.com
-Amoun pharmaceutical industries company
-www.kahira-pharma.com
-The Kidney Stones Handbook A Patient's Guide to Hope, Cure and Prevention
by Gail R. Savitz & Stephen W. Leslie, M.D., foreword by Martin I. Resnick, M.D.
Four Geez Press New treatment therapy A superb clinician and herbalist called Dr. James Howenstine.placed his wife on parsley tea when she developed a urinary tract infection. This therapy has been 100% effective. She was known to have large kidney stones in both kidneys. By the fourth day of therapy the infection was cleared and her kidney stones had dissolved.

Parsley tea is made by boiling parsley with water for 10 mins . The tea is strained and one glass is drunk hot or cold throughout each day. A follow up urine specimen can be obtained on the 4th or 5 th day of tea to prove that white cells, indicating infection, are no longer in the urine sediment. The reason for the success of this therapy relates to parsley tea’s ability to penetrate the bladder wall. The 100% efficacy insures that no resistant bacterial strains are created. Department of pharmacognosy
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