A Child Observes a rising of sun and getting of darkness after the setting of sun This He Observes everyday…

CONCLUSION:

“The Sun Rises Everyday And Also Sets Everyday”

A Child Eats

Green Apple

EVERYTIME and Feels its sour taste.

CONCLUSION:

CONCLUSION: ALL THE GREEN APPLES ARE SOUR IN TASTE

What is INDUCTIVE METHOD???

**INDUCTIVE-DEDUCTIVE METHOD OF TEACHING MATHEMATICS**

INDUCTIVE METHOD Principles:

Maxims : proceeding from

Concrete to Abstract,

Particular to general,

Example to formula.

Direct Experiencing.

Conclusions are based on repetition at many times.

Child concludes after each observation.

Child generalizes after many observations

A child measures each and every triangle and concludes that, “Sum of angles in every triangle is equal to 180 degrees”

CONCLUSION:

CONCLUSION:

He Generalises that, (1st Term+2nd Term)2 = (1st Term)2 + 2 (1st Term)(2nd Term) + (2nd Term)2

c) Simple Interest of Rs. 600/- for 4 years at 3% p. a.

Simple Interest= 600x4x3/100= Rs. 72

WHAT WILL BE A CONCLUSION???

MERITS:

Scientific Method

Content becomes crystal clear to students , as they develop on their own formula/ laws / Principle

Based on Actual Observation and Experimentation .

Thinking is Logical

Suitable for beginners

Increases Pupil – Teacher Relationship

Home Work is reduced.

DEMERITS:

Not suitable for all topics

Time Consuming Method

Laborious Method

Not Suitable for all types of students

Un- prepared teacher can not make use of this method

DEDUCTIVE METHOD

a method of reasoning by which concrete applications or consequences are deducted from general principles or theorems are deduced from definitions and postulates

“ALL THE GREEN APPLES ARE SOUR IN TASTE” The child may be told that he should never eat the green apple because they are sour. Afterwards he may verify this facts by tasting green apples.

PRINCIPLES :

Maxims : Proceeding from

Abstract to Concrete,

General to Particular,

Formula to Examples.

Students are given formula/rules/laws/princ iples directly .

They solve problems using them.

1)EXAMPLES: •Students are told that the sum of angles(3) in a triangle is 180degrees. • Then the students verify the same . •Students will conclude that “sum of angles of triangle is equal to 180 degrees”

3)The Teacher may announce that today he is going to learn Simple Interest. He will then give the relevant formula. i.e. S . I . = p x r x t/ 100 And Asks the Student to solve the Problem based on this formula

MERITS:

Time Saving Method

Suitable to all topics

Suitable to all Students

Glorifies Memory

.Useful at Revision Stage

Enhances Speed and efficiency

Mostly Used at Higher Stage level

DEMERITS:

Unpsychological Method

No Originality and Creativity

Blind Memorization

Educationally Unsound.

Students are Passive Learners.

Reasoning is not clear

A Child Observes a rising of sun and getting of darkness after the setting of sun This He Observes everyday…

Inductive approach is advocated by Pestalaozzi and Francis Bacon

In this we first take a few examples and greater than generalize.

The children follow the subject matter with great interest and understanding. This method is more useful in arithmetic teaching and learning.

inductive instruction is a much more student-centered approach and makes use of a strategy known as ‘noticing’.

3. Square of an odd number is odd and square of an even number is even.

Solution:

Particular concept:

12 = 1 32 = 9 52 = 25 equation 1

22 = 4 42 = 16 62 = 36 Equation 2

General concept:

From equation 1 and 2, we get

Square of an odd number is odd

Square of an even number is even.

DEDUCTIVE METHOD

A child is told “The Sun Rises Everyday And Also Sets Everyday!” This fact child verifies by daily observation

**teamba**

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Bobis

Godala

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