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nicole maddy

on 26 May 2015

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Transcript of AZTECS

Dates of existence: In A.D. 1325 Aztecs settle in Tenochtitlan. In A.D. 1521 Aztecs Surrender to Hernando Cortes

All Locations of Aztecs: Mexico, Veracruz, Puebla, Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Hidalgo

What happened to them?
Tribes just wanted to get rid of the awful Aztecs
But it was disease that actually defeated the Aztecs
They had no protection against simple childhood diseases like measles that the Spanish brought with them.
The Aztec Empire collapsed.


believed that gods needed rest, just like people
believed that different gods watched over their seeds and plants
believed their gods had families
The Aztecs believed in an afterlife
after they died they believed they would be assigned a job to do that helped their gods

Gods worshipped
-Huitzilopochtli -Chiuhnauhyoteuctli
-Painal -Cipactonal
-Ehecatl -Citlalicue
-Quetzalcoatl -Citlalatonac
-Atlacoaya -Cituateteo
-Atlatonan -Coatlicue
-Atlaua -Colhuacatzincatl
-Camaxtli -Ometecuhtli
-Centeotl -Omecihuatl
-Chalchihuitlicue - Xochiquezal
-Chiconquiahuit -Huitzilopochtli
-Chimalmam -Tláloc
-Chimamatl -Xipe Totec
-Chiuacoatl -Oxomoco
- Mixcoatl -Patecatl


The Aztec religion included bloodletting and human sacrifice, including the offering of living hearts
Every month had at least one major religious ceremony honoring a god or gods.
In almost all major ceremonies an individual was chosen to impersonate the god, dressing as him or her.
This person would be coddled as if he was the god until the time of sacrifice
By: Madysen Thomas
Map of Aztec Locations
Corn right off the cob
Fruits and Vegetables
Dogs, turkeys, and the Musovy duck
chillies, tomatoes, limes, cashews, potatoes, sweet potatoes, and peanuts
Fish and shrimp for food. Even insects, such as grasshoppers and worms were harvested
cocoa beans (which made chocalate)
roasted squash seeds
pecans, pimentos, and spices


Clothing was generally loose fitting and did not completely cover the body

Aztec clothes were generally made of cotton (which was imported) or ayate fiber, made from the Maguey Cactus (also called the Century Plant or American Aloe)

Women would weave the fibers into clothing, a task girls were taught as young teenagers

Because of their vast trading network, the Aztecs were able to make use of a beautiful array of dyes, creating the brilliant colours still seen in Mexico today

Children wore similar clothes as their parents wore.
The men would wear a cloak made from a triangular cloth known as a tilmatli or tilma. It could be used like an apron to carry things, or worn as a cloak
Embroidery or decorative fringe on his loincloth
The women would wear skirts, and a sleeve less blouse or short sleeved shirt
As women moved up the social scale, their clothing became more decorated and dyed to show their status
Women of different regions might choose to pleat their skirts in different fashions to create a garment that had a different look or drape, or they might simply let it fall in a cylinder to the ground
Spinning, weaving and dyeing were all important crafts to the Aztecs, but unlike Europeans, they did not take the wool from sheep to do their spinning.

Instead, they might make clothes from imported cotton fibres or from ayate fibre, which is derived from the maguey cactus.

These fibres could be pulled from the plant and then spun into thread or yarn.

This yarn could then be set on a loom and woven with.
Aztec houses could be made of adobe

Aztecs homes where mainly influenced by their climate

Most houses only had one room and a flat roof for the heated seasons

The main areas of the Aztec shelter was one room split up equally into four areas

There was an area for the whole family to sleep in, a family shrine where gods would be kept, a place where meals would be prepared, and then the eating area
Roles of men
Men were trained from a young age to fight and protect their people. Sometimes they would get hurt and need medical care

While men weren't fighting and training to be warriors, they were out hunting and gathering food for their people

A father was responsible for putting food on the table and keeping order in his family as well as holding it all together!
Women played a major part in Aztec society. Women were responsible for cooking, cleaning, and taking care of young children

Women were allowed to own land, run a business, and they were also allowed to obtain divorce for cruelty

The women were also responsible for weaving for rulers as a tax payment


Children played with bows and arrows, marbles and stones. For the adults, dances and ritual battles were often considered a form of entertainment. Music was, of course, very popular

Totoloque was a gambling game popular in Mexico at the time. The object of the game was to hit a target with gold pellets

Girls played with dolls

One of the most popular Aztec games was Tlachtli

Another of the popular Aztec games was Patolli
Every child in the Aztec empire had to go to school. That included boys, girls, and slaves. There were different schools for different classes of people. The rich went to one school, the poor another. Boys and girls did not go to the same school. But whatever school they attended, school was tough. There was no recess and no time to relax

For their time Aztecs had a very good education system in which boys and girls had to go to schools. There were three different schools for children, a noble boys school, a middle class and commoner boys school and a girls school
Aztec farming was the primary component of the Aztec economy
To make the land suitable for agriculture, the Aztecs developed extensive irrigation systems and formed terraces on the hill sides. They even used fertilizer to improve the content of the soil. Aztec chinampas, however, were the most important development in Aztec farming

In order to create the chinampas, the Aztecs dugs canals and piled the mud from the canals onto large mats, which they made from woven reeds. These mats tied to posts in order to be held in place. The Aztecs had driven these posts into the bed of the lake ahead of time.
More beliefs
Believed their gods would punish them if they did not worship their gods every day
They believed they would be punished if they worshipped their gods every day, but somehow, in spite in their best efforts, did not worship them enough in the eyes of their gods
Aztecs believed it was necessary to keep their gods happy
They truly believed if they did not keep their gods happy, the world would end
The priesthood organized and guided all the religious ceremonies, arranging for every necessary component and making sure they ran smoothly

Not every great ceremony or ritual required human sacrifice

In some rituals, priests and laymen would cut themselves and offer their blood to the gods

In others, small birds or other creatures were sacrificed. Nevertheless, many Aztec ceremonies required human victims.
There would be thatched roofs, or even terraced roofs

It was here that the people stood to attack the Spaniards, a last stand against the conquering army

It took a while to get the materials due to amount of sunlight because Adobe needs sunlight
At the noble boys school they learned about law, hieroglyphics, medicine, engineering, building, dreams and omen interpretation. They also learned about their history and religious beliefs

At the commoner boys school were taught mostly how to be warriors or farmers

At the age of fifteen all boys went to school which was called a telpuchcalli ("house of youth").
At the age of fifteen all boys went to school which was called a telpuchcalli ("house of youth").

The boys attended either a calmecac or a cuicacalli. The cuicacalli was more of a military school. Children of the noble class attended a calmecac, a school for noble children that was connected to the temples

At school girls learned about religion, cooking, sewing, weaving, childcare and religious dances and songs

Girls went to school between the ages of 12-13 and boys 10-15
All the schools taught proper behavior

Some schools trained kids in specialized professions

If you had talent, school was a chance to move up in the world

The Aztecs believed in giving everyone a chance, even if it was a slim one
They then planted trees in the corners of the mats to hold them permanently in place. Extensive Aztec farming activities took place on the chinampas, including the growing of squash, corn, flowers, and vegetables for which the climate was ideal

They used pointed sticks to dig holes into the soft soil in order to plant seeds. Aztec farming also employed slash-and-burn techniques, which called for chopping down and burning sections of the forests, then planting in the cleared land
However, Aztec men spent most of their time at war but when they were not, they were usually farming or doing some crafts work For example, making weapons!

Men were also known for disciplining their children with various methods like stabbing with a spike to tying them hands and feet, to a wet mat!
They had to work - girls help mothers and sons help fathers

All older children were expected to help with chores around the house and in the garden in addition to attending school

They began learning to weave at age four and to cook at age 12

Carrying water, collecting firewood, carrying bundles to the market, fishing and collecting maize grains from the floor of the marketplace
At the noble boys school they learned about law, hieroglyphics, medicine, engineering, building, dreams and omen interpretation. They also learned about their history and religious beliefs
At the commoner boys school were taught mostly how to be warriors or farmers
Trading was in Aztec times a very important act, that kept society moving and pushing forward
Aztec people would trade daily, visit the marketplace and use the various forms of accepted currency to make their purchases
Gold and silver were traded. Feathers were also a frequent commodity. Obsidian, used for tools and weapons. Foodstuffs: corn, beans, squash, and cacao
The Aztec government was unlike other systems of government during the time

Was more of a system of tribute in which conquered cities paid respect to the Aztec empire

The ancient Aztec government did not rule an empire in the way we often think of the word. The control didn't stretch into every corner of life - rather, conquered lands were forced to pay tribute, but left a certain amount of freedom
The Aztec government was well organized, but both the emperor and the nobles had their hands full with the problems of a growing population. They needed to grow more food, to build more schools, to fill more storehouses, and to create more temples. They also needed more captives, people they could sacrifice to feed their hungry god
However, the laws of the Aztec people were for all people, in all cities. These laws were written down. If you broke the law, your punishment was listed, along with the law. Everybody knew what would happen to you if you broke a particular law. Many of the laws included a punishment of death if you broke the law. The laws were very harsh
Aztecs had very few ways of transportation
Aztecs transported themselves was by canoes through canals
Transported themselves was by causeways with moveable bridges
Arts and crafts
Art was an important part of Aztec life. They used some forms of art such as music, poetry, and sculpture to honor and praise their gods. Other forms of art, such as jewelry and feather-work, were worn by the Aztec nobility to set them apart from the commoners

What they did:

Templo Mayor
The Pyramids of the Sun and Moon
Great Pyramid of Cholula

Banks, James A., et al. Latin America and Canada. New York: Macmillian/Mcgraw, n.d. Print

McKissack, Patricia. The Aztec. Chicago: Childrens Press, n.d. Print

Owens, L. L. The Great Aztecs. Iowa: Perfection Learning, 2002. Print

Ken, Nelson, trans. "Aztecs." Ducksters. (Technological Solutions, Inc.,, n.d. Web. 19 May 2015. <http://www.ducksters.com/history/

"Acient Aztec." Aztec-History.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2015.

Hunter, Scott, ed. "Aztec." Aztec Civilization Website. Aztec Systems Corp.,, 2010. Web. 19 May 2015. <http://aztec.com/page.php?>.

Aztec-Indians.com. N.p., 2010. Web. 19 May 2015. <http://www.aztec-indians.com/aztec-html>.

About.com Education. 2015 About.com, n.d. Web. 19 May 2015. <http://archaeology.about.com/od/aztecarchaeology/tp/Aztec.htm>.

Harris, Marvin, and Michael Harner. "Aztec Civilization." New World Encyclopedia. Ed. Miguel León-Portilla and José Jorge Klor de Alva, ed.
N.p.: n.p., 2015. 1-12. Print.

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