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Pause and Effect: Elements of Crafting Sentences with Commas

Tracy Cooper English 1 2011
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Tracy Cooper

on 3 October 2012

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Transcript of Pause and Effect: Elements of Crafting Sentences with Commas

Pause and Effect:
Elements of
Crafting Sentences
with Commas Comma-Usage OPTIONS for Sentences: Simple Sentences Compound Sentences Complex Sentences Interupters in a Sentence
Series in a Sentence A single thought
with a subject (noun)
and predicate (verb) ending with a period.
NO COMMA needed. FOR
AND
NOR
BUT
OR
YET
SO Sentence, sentence. FOR
AND
NOR
BUT
OR
YET
SO OR Sentence; sentence. Compound sentences
are 2 complete
thoughts
connected with the ; FOR
AND
NOR
BUT
OR
YET
SO I am a
professor, I once was
a student. I like
ice cream I also enjoy
forzen yogurt. Which one? Fanboys show
relationship between
the two sentences. Shows cause-effect relationship.
Joins ideas that are alike or similar, implies continuation of thought.
Shows contrast between two ideas.
Indicates a choice of ideas between two things.
Continues a negative thought. For, So And But, Yet or Nor These are sentences that have opening & closing phrases attached to the main sentence. Opening
phrases may
start with:

Although
After
As
When
While
Unless
Before
Because
If
Since Opening clause, sentence. Sentence, closing clause. OR After Thanksgiving dinner we went ot the new movie.
My favorite movie was sold out although we arrived early.
Unless all the children would sleep I could not take a nap.
My brother was sick all night because he had food poisoning.
Before he could drive back to Texas he had to stop vomitting.
If I had been sick on Thanksgiving I would have gone home to sleep. Some sentences have information dropped in the middle of the sentence. Sent, interupter, ence. sent, ,ence. Put a list of items in a sentence with commas. Sent e, n, c and e. and -ing words. Fix these examples:
Grasping for the turkey Mike spilled the gravy.
I ate a sweet potatoes mashed potatoes and potato casserole.
Michael a computer salesman in Missouri won the iPad.
He is eating lunch talking to family and watching football. Sam is playing with Legos Emily is watching t.v.
After Thanksgiving we all went shopping at the mall.
Matthew the leader of our club did not make it to the meeting today.
This weekend I graded papers watched television and took naps.
I wanted ice cream but I couldn't eat one more bite.
Don't go to school without your shoes and socks. More practice Emily, long ago tired of turkey, ate ham. When I was
twelve, I ate my
first mango. After Thanksgiving dinner, we went ot the new movie.
My favorite movie was sold out, although we arrived early.
Unless all the children would sleep, I could not take a nap.
My brother was sick all night, because he had food poisoning.
Before he could drive back to Texas, he had to stop vomitting.
If I had been sick on Thanksgiving, I would have gone home to sleep. Grasping for the turkey, Mike spilled the gravy.
I ate sweet potatoes, mashed potatoes and potato casserole.
Michael, a computer salesman in Missouri, won the iPad.
He is eating lunch, talking to family and watching football. Sam is playing with Legos; Emily is watching t.v. (compound w/ ;)
After Thanksgiving, we all went shopping at the mall. (complex, opener)
Matthew, the leader of the club, did not make it to the meeting today. (appositive/interrupter)
This weekend, I grade papers, wathced television, and took naps. (series/parallel structure)
I wanted ice cream, but I couldn't eat one more bite. (compound w/ FANBOYS)
Don't go to school without your shoes and socks. (Simple sentence. No commas.) I ate fritos, ground beef, cheese and quacamole for breakfast.
(series of items) I went to the docter, spoke to a nurse, and waited for the exam.
(Series of action using parallel structure) RIGHT! WRONG! Winfred road in a car train bus and airplane before she was three.
What is wrong with this? Juan drove to the airport, is getting on a plan, and fies to Canada.
(Structure for each verb is not parallel.) The car, a blue Toyota, left the scene of the crime.
I ran out of the store, with tears in my eyes, to help the victims.
The youngest child, maybe 3 or 4 years old, was hit by the car as it left. I drove home after dark, worrying all the way. (sentence, closer using -ing Capital Letter + Subject (noun) + predicate (verb and the words that follow) + punctuation (. ! ?) + SENSE (it MUST make sense) TRANSITIONS IN SENTENCES
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