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Confucianism

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on 11 June 2015

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Transcript of Confucianism

Shandong of Northeastern China
Qufu, Lu
8th century BCE Blood ties & Authority have dispersed
Religious Texts
The Five Classics (Wujing)
The Four Books (Sishu)
Confucianism
The Main Principles
Culture

Confucianism Today
Compare
&
Contrast
Conclusion
Origin
A Brief History of Confucianism
by Angela You and Emily Chang
Marco Polo

Tian and
Filial Piety
Abstract concept of heaven
Ancestral rites and sacrifices
Main Principles
The Birth of Confucianism
In the name of Order
Founders, Leaders,

&

the Warring States
Major Denominations
Symbols
Type of
Belief System
The Official Establishment
Religion, Philosophy,
or Ideology?
Confucianism Spreads
Imitation of the Zhou Dynasty rule
Achieving harmony and order in society
Warring States era
Ideas of 500 BC
11th century BCE Power to the Zhou state
Chaos & Warfare
The Salvation of Political Turmoil
Shu Ching (Classic of History)
Shih Ching (Classic of Odes)
I Ching (Classic of Changes)
Ch'un Ching (Spring and Autumn Annals)
Li Ching (Classic of Rites)
(Prothero 102-103)
Anarchy, Disorder
How can society's Order
be restored?
The Shang province, LU state
the birthplace of our Founder
{551 ~ 479 BCE}
Desire: Order in society
Power in ideas

Sage-kings
Elite Scholar
Mencius and Xunzi
(Wheeler 2)
Neo-Confucianism
Modern variants of Confucianism
(Prothero 120-124)
The
Founder
:
Confucius
[Kong Qui]
The
Leader
:
Mencius

{372 ~ 289 BCE}
Official
Warring States
[480 ~ 250 BCE]
Successful communication
"
Mencius
"
Morals & the Mandate of Heaven
Another
Perspective
:
Xunzi
Percentage of the World
Population in the U.S.
Confucius or Christ?
{313 ~ 238 BCE}
Education guides Humans
Pessimistic views influenced by Warring States
His ideas
live
"Analects of Confucius"
Disciples
Prominent
until
fall of Han Dynasty
Revival
of the Song Dynasty {CE}
Neo-Confucianism
Spread
to Asian countries
Mongolian Empire
new Dynasties
ex. Korea
What is Confucianism?
And why should you care?
Holidays, Practices, Art, Architecture
Calendar & Holidays
Dietary Practices
Traditional Clothing
Art & Architecture
Confucius's birthday
9/28
Ching Ming festival
No Holy days
Rituals
Inspired by Confucius...
Qufu International Confucius Festival
Worship of Confucius
Teacher's Day
Relationship between food & sacrifice
Dietic hygiene
Build health (ginger)
Compatible dishes
Serious attitude
Connection to the People & Desires
the Hanfu
Dress of spirit
Ming Dynasty
Confucius preferred Han clothing for ritual ceremonies.
Reflect Confucian principles of integrity
Styles evolved by dynasties
Art
Architecture
Military badge: Plant & Animal motifs
The Great Wall of China
Modern-day Confucianism representation
Power
Pledge to Order
Philosophy of Chinese Art
Design suggesting Order & Harmony
Balance & Proportion
Confucian Water Symbol
Individual VS Community
"Conquer yourself and return to li: that is goodness. If one could for a single day conquer oneself and return to li, the entire world would respond to him with goodness." (12.1)
Temples
Symmetry, Proportion
Statue of Confucius
Representation of Respect
Symbol
Confucianism
Christianity

Buddhism

OR
VS
Confucianism is...
And I care because...
(Confucius And The Origins Of Confucianism, Indiana.edu)
(Charming Shandong, birthplace of Confucianism, China.org.cn)
(Goucher, LeGuin, Walton, 10)
(Goucher, LeGuin, Walton, 10)
(Goucher, LeGuin, Walton, 10)
(Goucher, LeGuin, Walton, 11)
(The Origin of Confucianism - CHOSON ARCHIVES)
(The Origin of Confucianism - CHOSON ARCHIVES)
(Goucher, LeGuin, Walton, 10)
(Goucher, LeGuin, Walton 156)
(Goucher, LeGuin, Walton, 10)
Management of the five key relationships
Xiao, Ren, and Li (Bloom)
(Prothero 120)
(Celebrating Confucianism Holidays in China, chinese-culture)
(Confucian Philosophy on Health Building, Ching.org.cn)
(Hanfu, the Classical Chinese Dress, The Lovely Planet)
[source: Hua]
(Dazio, Downing, Fulton, Taoism and Confucianism as Influences in Chinese Art)
(Dazio, Downing, Fulton, Taoism and Confucianism as Influences in Chinese Art)
"The Zhou looked upon the two dynasties preceding--how rich were its patterns! And we follow the Zhou." (3.14)
"Conquer yourself and return to li: that is goodness. If one could for a single day conquer oneself and return to li, the entire world would respond to him with goodness. . . . If it is not li, don’t look at it; if it is not li, don’t listen to it; if it is not li, don’t say it; if it is not li, don’t do it." (12.1)
"Let rulers be rulers, ministers ministers, fathers fathers, sons sons." (12.11)
"If you do not study the Poetry, how will you have words to speak . . . If you do not study ritual, how will you be able to take your stand?" (16.13)
“Coarse rice to eat, water to drink, my bended arm for a pillow - therein is happiness. Wealth and rank attained through immoral means are nothing but drifting clouds.”
“Give your father and mother no other cause for
anxiety than illness.” (2.6)
Confucian Countries
The Path to Individual and Social Harmony
Bibliography
"Asian Topics on Asia for Educators || Confucian Teaching." Asian Topics on Asia for Educators || Confucian Teaching. Columbia University, n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2014. <http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/at/conf_teaching/ct09.html>.
"Asian Topics on Asia for Educators || The Confucian Tradition." Asian Topics on Asia for Educators || The Confucian Tradition. Columbia University, n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2014. <http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/at/conf_tradition/tct06.html>.
"Confucianism." Asia Society. Asia Society, n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2014. <http://asiasociety.org/countries/religions-philosophies/confucianism>.
Confucius, and D. C. Lau. The Analects. London: Penguin, 2003. Print.
"CONFUCIUS AND THE ORIGINS OF CONFUCIANISM." CONFUCIUS AND THE ORIGINS OF CONFUCIANISM. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2014. <http://www.indiana.edu/~e103/Origins.html>.
Goucher, Candice Lee., Charles A. LeGuin, and Linda A. Walton. "Ideas and Power: Goddesses, God-Kings, and Sages." In the Balance: Themes in Global History. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill, 1998. 145-62. Print.
"The Origin of Confucianism - CHOSON ARCHIVES." The Origin of Confucianism - CHOSON ARCHIVES. The Korea Society, n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2014. <http://chosonkorea.org/index.php/confucianism/east-asia-in-the-context-of-confucianism/the-origin-of-confucianism>.
Pecorino, Philip A. "Confucianism." Confucianism. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2014. <http://www.qcc.cuny.edu/socialSciences/ppecorino/PHIL_of_RELIGION_TEXT/CHAPTER_2_RELIGIONS/Confucianism.htm>.
Prothero, Stephen R. "Confucianism: The Way of Propriety." God Is Not One: The Eight Rival Religions That Run the World. New York: HarperOne, 2010. 101-30. Print.
Strynatka, Christina. "Different Sects of Confucianism." People. Demand Media, n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2014. <http://people.opposingviews.com/different-sects-confucianism-8362.html>.
Wheeler, L. Kip, Dr. Confucius and Confucianism. N.p.: n.p., n.d. PDF.

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