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What if the 19th Amendment hadn't been Passed?
Transcript of What if the 19th Amendment hadn't been Passed?
What is the 19th Amendment?
“The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”
How and when was the Amendment Passed?
First introduced in 1878, passed by Congress June 4, 1919, and ratified August 18, 1920
Prior to the Amendment being passed some states had already given women the right to vote in certain elections
In 1913, women suffragists held a parade in Washington D.C.
In 1918, Wilson gave a speech in support of women’s suffrage which really set things into action
The House of Representatives passed the amendment in 1918, and the Senate passed it in 1919, but 36 states still had to approve it
72 years later the Amendment was passed
Susan B. Anthony
One of the original people to propose the amendment
Carrie Chapman Catt
President of the National American Women Suffrage Association
Another original person to help propose the amendment
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A founder of the women's movement and a leader
Molly Branz - Divergence Paper
Short Term Effects
Long Term Effects
Crisis and Divergence Point
Wilson never gave his support to the 19th Amendment, which was a major turning point in real life for gaining more support
Because Wilson never gave his support, the House, nor Senate, ever approved the Amendment
Without the President's support, it would be impossible to gain the necessary votes or gain enough support
Women suffragists could have continued trying to pass the Amendment individually throughout states, but the southern states would've been nearly impossible to ever convince such a change
After over 70 years of struggling, the will to win and the fight would disappear from women suffragists and the Amendment would die out
Discussion Question #2
The Election of 1920
The League of Women Voters
Republican Warren G. Harding and Democrat James M. Cox were the candidates, Harding won
If women weren't voting would there be a different outcome?
An organization that was created to encourage and inform women of their new right to vote
Still active today in many ways
Most likely wouldn't have been created
Women in Government
Women's Say in
Women in Military
If women couldn't vote, they wouldn't be allowed to hold high, if any, government positions
1922- Rebecca Felton was the first woman senator
1933- Frances Perkins was appointed as secretary of Labor, making her the first woman member of a presidential cabinet
1964- Margaret Chase Smith was the first woman nominated for president of the United States by a major political party (Republican Party)
1981- Sandra Day O'Connor was appointed as the first woman Supreme Court member
1980- For the first time in any political party, the Democratic Party had an equal number of men and women at its national party’s nominating convention
A requirement was added that all future conventions must have an equal number of female and male delegates.
If women couldn't vote in elections, they most certainly wouldn't be allowed to elect candidates
Until about the 1980s, women weren't allowed to hold high positions in the military or fight in live combat
Before women gained the right to vote and other rights, they were seen as weak people that should stay home and take care of their husbands and children
If they couldn't vote for their country, they wouldn't be able to fight for their country either
Discussion Question #1
Discussion Question #3
Why do you think it took so long for the 19th Amendment to be passed? What reasons and events in the past would make this change so hard for regular people and the government to accept?
Do you agree or disagree that without Wilson's support, the amendment would've failed and not been passed? Why or why not?
Do you think that if the amendment hadn't been passed in 1920 that it would've been passed at a later time? During what time period and why?