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June 28th, 1914

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murphy crowl

on 6 March 2014

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Transcript of June 28th, 1914

January 19th, 1917
Zimmerman Telegram intercepted by Britain
- It was "a message from the German foreign secretary, Arthur Zimmerman, to the German ambassador to Mexico proposing a Mexican-German alliance in the case of war between the United States and Germany, is published on the front pages of newspapers across America. It was intercepted and deciphered by British intelligence in January 1917, Zimmermann instructed the ambassador, Count Johann von Bernstorff, to offer significant financial aid to Mexico if it agreed to enter any future U.S-German conflict as a German ally. If victorious in the conflict, Germany also promised to restore to Mexico the lost territories of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona."
June 28th, 1914
Assassination of archduke Franz Ferdinand
-This is what started WW1. Franz and the nephew of Emperor Franz Josef and heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Franz Ferdinand were all shot to death in Sarajevo, Bosnia on this day. 19-year-old Gavrilo Princip shot them at point blank range and then shot himself this caused mass hysteria all around the world.

May 7th, 1915
Sinking of the Lusitania
-It was a british ocean liner that manly carried people and goods to and from the United States and Great Britain. It was torpedoed by a german torpedo.
April 6th, 1917
Trench Warfare
-"A trench system may begin simply as a collection of foxholes hastily dug by troops using their entrenching tools. These holes may subsequently be deepened so that a soldier can safely stand up in one of them, and the individual foxholes may be connected by shallow crawl trenches. From this beginning a system of more permanent trenches may be constructed. In making a trench, soil from the excavation is used to create raised parapets running both in front of and behind the trench. Within the trench are firing positions along a raised forward step called a fire step, and duckboards are placed on the often muddy bottom of the trench to provide secure footing."
Woodrow Wilson during the war
-"Wilson tried to keep the United States neutral during World War I but ultimately called on Congress to declare war on Germany in 1917. After the war, he helped negotiate a peace treaty that included a plan for the League of Nations. Although the Senate rejected U.S. membership in the League"
World War 1
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/archduke-franz-ferdinand-assassinated
sources
http://history1900s.about.com/cs/worldwari/p/lusitania.htm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/zimmermann-telegram-published-in-united-states
United States Declares war on Germany
-Hitler thought otherwise. He was convinced that the United States would soon beat him to the punch and declare war on Germany. The U.S. Navy was already attacking German U-boats, and Hitler despised Roosevelt for his repeated verbal attacks against his Nazi ideology. He also believed that Japan was much stronger than it was, that once it had defeated the United States, it would turn and help Germany defeat Russia. So at 3:30 p.m. (Berlin time) on December 11, the German charge d'affaires in Washington handed American Secretary of State Cordell Hull a copy of the declaration of war.
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/germany-declares-war-on-the-united-states
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/604210/trench-warfare
http://www.history.com/topics/us-presidents/woodrow-wilson
14 Points
1. open diplomacy
2. freedom of the seas
3. removal of economic barriers
4. reduction of armaments
5. adjust of colonial claims
6. conjured territory in Russia
7. preservation of belgian sovereignty
8. restoration of french territory
9. redrawing of italian frontiers
10. division of Austria hungry
11. redrawing of Balkan boundaries
12. limitations on turkey
13. establishment of an independent Poland
14. association of the nations
League of nations
-"The League of Nations was to be based in Geneva, Switzerland. This choice was natural as Switzerland was a neutral country and had not fought in World War One. No one could dispute this choice especially as an international organization such as the Red Cross was already based in Switzerland."
-"Woodrow Wilson, had dreamt up the idea of the League - America - refused to join it. As America was the world’s most powerful nation, this was a serious blow to the prestige of the League. However, America’s refusal to join the League, fitted in with her desire to have an isolationist policy throughout the world"
-"Germany was not allowed to join the League in 1919. As Germany had started the war, according to the Treaty of Versailles, one of its punishments was that they was not considered to be a member of the international community and, therefore, she was not invited to join. This was a great blow to Germany but it also meant that the League could not use whatever strength Germany had to support its campaign against aggressor nations.

Russia was also not allowed to join as in 1917, they had a communist government that generated fear in western Europe, and in 1918, the Russian royal family - the Romanov - was murdered. Such a country could not be allowed to take its place in the League.
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