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06.05 Module Six Project
Transcript of 06.05 Module Six Project
Littering is a very serious problem that is constantly overlooked in today's society. Litter consists of waste that has been disposed improperly, without permission, at an inappropriate location. In my community, I constantly see litter being casually thrown around, and it affects the overall environment around it, making it look unpleasant.
Circular Flow Chart
Who Does Littering Affect?
Locals: Littering can affect drinking water and sanitation within a household due to pollutants and bacteria from the litter seeping into household services.
Businesses: Litter impacts a company's decision to create a business in the community.
Government: Littering affects the government because the government will be forced to enact new laws and invest more money in programs that clean up the environment of the local community, state, and entire nation.
Rest of the World: Littering affects the rest of the world by possibly contaminating exports that will be entering their country, possibly spreading sickness or another side-effect of litter entering another community.
Resources, Goods, & Finances: If a product is made with items from a environment that has a lot of litter, the factors of production may be contaminated or weak, which would lead to the item being recalled and the company would lose profit.
Externalities from Littering: Littering leads to only negative externalities.Harming all residents of the area, businesses' services being unable to function, resulting in a loss of profit, and diseases and sickness brought on by the contamination of soil and crops are just some of the negative externalities littering creates.
Incentives: Enforcing littering laws can have the incentive of not being fined that large amount if they don't litter. Investing in more trash cans can lead to the owner to gain more profit due to the high demand. Creating clean-up groups will lead to an overall healthier living and environment.
Externalities from Solutions: Positive externalities can be creating friendships through the process of cleaning up your community and more jobs being created; negative externalities can be the large amount of money and labor that will be required. Without people to clean up, the environment won't clean itself!
Solution #1: Solution one requires direct aid from the government. But then again, it is slightly the government's duty to protect the people of the nation. Though enforcing these laws may be costly, it is great way to bring awareness to the problem.
Solution #2: Investing is creating more garbage cans is the most costly solution of all of the solutions, but it will hopefully result in a positive outcome. More trash cans would leave no excuse for people to just throw trash on the ground, so it would be a great preventive measure. Trash cans don't take a large amount of time to be made, but there is always a possibility in trash cans having the opposite effect (ex. being knocked over and not getting picked up).
Solution #3: Creating clean-up groups would probably be the least expensive of them all because it would be all based on volunteer work. Even if the members are getting paid, it won't take a lot out of the economy because other things, such as agricultural businesses, will be booming due to the reduced amount of contamination in their crops.
Necessary Conditions: The only real necessary work condition is a community that contains litter, which is any community, really. What is really needed is a passionate work force who will work strongly towards ridding as much of the litter in communities as possible.
Concerns: There are budget concerns because of the fact that nothing comes free, so the resources in order to clean up communities as efficiently as possible would not be cheap. However, if a large amount of people agree to help, labor concerns will be avoided and the costs may go down due to the large work force.
Awareness: The public should definitely be aware of litter and they should support the cause to get rid of it for their own health as well as for their community's. Litter, although it may just seem like trash on the side of the street, can be very dangerous if just left to rot because of the contamination it can bring to goods and services.
Challenges: There are many different challenges to each solution. Getting people to listen to the severity of the cause would be the first one for all solutions due to society's habit of ignoring litter. Figuring out the cost of the resources needed to start the clean-up would also be another challenge. The amount of time each solution would take to go into action is another concern. Communities want fast results, so if a solution is more of a long-term project, it will definitely be harder to get people from the community to support you.
Judging: Looking at the pros and cons of each solution and comparing them to one another is the main way I would judge which solution would be more effective.
Family Input: My family has stated that before I brought up the subject to them, they really didn't care about litter. They noticed it and they didn't support it at all, but they never thought more of it. However, they did say that they would like if the litter in our community disappeared because then our community would be more likeable.
Externalities: Possible externalities should definitely be considered in making a choice because the choice that creates the most positive externalities and the least negative ones would be supported more strongly by the community.
Enforce Littering Laws
More Garbage Cans
Some people would oppose these solutions because they take money and time, and because many people are unaware of the true extremity to which damage is being done.
My choice in the end would be to go through with solution #1. I feel that if the government spends more time on informing the public about the consequences of littering, socety would listen and would hopefully take measures in order to reduce the high amount of littering that is going on today. Though the change will take some time to truly show results, with gradually less litter in the environment, the world will generally become happier and healthier.
Keep America Beautiful, Inc. "Key Findings: The Costs of Americans Littering." . http://www.kab.org/site/DocServer/LitterFactSheet_COSTS.pdf?docID=5183
"Litter Facts You Can't Ignore." Keep Liberty Beautiful. http://www.keeplibertybeautiful.org/litter-facts-you-cant-ignore.html
Wikimedia Foundation. "Litter." Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Litter