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Horse Breeds

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by

Kay Halla

on 18 January 2015

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Transcript of Horse Breeds

Arabian
*Oldest Breed
*Solid Colors
*A purebred arabian has black skin
*Can be crossed with other breeds to form Quarabs, Morabs, National Show horses, and Welaras
*Foundation of all light horse breeds
Thoroughbred
*Began in England
*Bred for speed and stamina; racing breed
*Also make good dressage and jumping horses
*Secretariat was a Thoroughbred
*Foundation Sire was Eclipse
*It's registry is called the Jockey Club, and was founded in 1894
*Thoroughbreds compete for the Triple Crown at age 3
Belgian
*Most popular draft breed in U.S.
*Descendant of the Great Horse of Flanders
*Sorrel or chestnut in color with white mane
and tail
*Originated in Belgium
Pinto/Paint
*Spotted
*A pinto can be a horse of any breed
*A paint must be a stock horse, usually of Quarter Horse or Thoroughbred breeding
*The American Paint Horse Association was formed because the AQHA would not accept spotted horses
*Pattern markings are Tobiano, Overo,
Piebald and Skewbald
Shetland Pony
*Shetland Islands of Scotland
*Maximum height 46" (11.2 hands)
*Classic (draft) and Modern (refined) types
*Can be crossed with the Hackney to form the Americana Pony
Norwegian Fjord
*Originated in Norway
*Built like a draft horse
* Were first ridden by Vikings
*Used for field work, riding, and driving
*Dun colored with a dorsal stripe, dark bars on the legs, dark hooves, eyes and ear tips
Appaloosa
Must have these 3 characteristics:
*Eye is encircled with white like the
human eye
*Skin is mottled irregularly with black
and white, particularly around the
nostrils
*Hooves are narrowly striped in
black and white
*Can be any breed
*were first bred by the Paloose Indians
*Patterns include Blanket Appaloosa, leopard, few spot, snowflake, and varnish roan
Tennessee Walker
Standardbred
*Also known as the American Trotting Horse
*Can both trot and pace
*used in races where the horse pulls a sulky at either the trot or pace and race against other horses
*Dan Patch was a famous Standardbred
*Breed name refers to horses that trotted or
paced in less than "standard time"
*Wear hobbles called 'Indiana Pants' to keep horses pacing and not break into the canter while racing
*99% of Standardbreds trace back to the sire Hambletonian 10
Hackney Pony
*Originated in Great Britain
*Harness show pony
*also used for show jumping
*Nicknamed "the aristocrat of the show ring"
*Can be bred with the Shetland to create the Americana breed
*There is both a Hackney horse and a Hackney pony
*Pony is 14.2 hands and under, while the horse is 14-16 hands and is more heavily built
Morgan
*Only breed named after a specific person/horse: The horse was named Figure, and was given to Justin Morgan. The horse was later renamed Justin Morgan
*Used for driving, dressage, show jumping, western pleasure, and saddleseat
*Known as the first family of American horses
*Influenced other breeds such as the Saddlebred, Standardbred, and American Quarter Horse
*compact and refined breed
*Shown with a natural mane and tail
Palomino
*Originated in U.S. from animals of Spanish extraction
*Must be golden in color (newly minted coin or three
shades lighter or darker) with light colored mane and tail, called flaxen
*White markings on the face or below the knees or hocks are acceptable
*Named after the light golden grape of California, known as the palomino grape
Percheron
*Draft breed
*Originated in La Perche, France
*Has infusions of Arabian and Barb bloodlines that created spirit and action in the Percheron breed
*Known as the breed of blacks and grays
American Miniature Horse
*Cannot exceed 34"
*Used to pull carts in coal mines
*Now is notable as a pet and small children's mount
*Body types recognized by the
American Miniature Horse Assoc.
are Arabian type and Quarter Horse type
American Quarter Horse
*Most common horse in U.S
*All solid colors accepted (13)
*Stock horse known for its cow sense
*One of the most versatile breeds of horse
*Named for being able to race a quarter mile in the fastest time
*the AQHA headquarters are located in Amarillo, Texas
*The first registered Quarter Horse was named Wimpy
*Originated in colonial Virginia in the 1600's
POA-Pony of the Americas
*46-54" with Appaloosa coloring
*Mottled skin, striped hooves & sclera
around the eye
*Originated in Mason City, Iowa
*POA breed started by crossing a Shetland
Pony stallion with an Appaloosa mare
*The foundation sire was Black Hand I
Clydesdale
*Originated in the Clyde region of Scotland
*Often used in driving competitions
*Broad strong joints and feathering
*significant white markings on face and legs
*16-18 hands tall
*Made famous by the Budweiser Clydesdales
*Also known as the plantation horse, since it was first bred to carry owners around their plantations
*Has a natural overstride
*Characterized by the flat foot walk(7 mph), running walk(10 mph),and rocking chair canter.
*The flat foot walk and running walk are four beat gaits with each foot hitting the ground separately at regular intervals
*Black Allan F-1 is the foundation sire
Haflinger
*Originated in Halfling, Austria
*Chestnut with flaxen mane and tail
*Excellent children's mount
Connemara Pony
*Originated in Ireland
*Pony is 13 to 14.2 hands
*Noted for jumping ability
*Also is competitive in Dressage and Eventing
*Heavy boned, hardy & docile
Exmoor Pony
*From the moorlands of southwest England
*Stands 40-51 inches (11.1-12.3 Hands)
*Well-suited for winter and cold temperatures
*sturdy pony
*originally used as pack ponies
*used for driving and dressage today
*known for their gentleness
American Cream
*Draft Horse
*cream colored with pink skin, white mane and tails, and amber-colored eyes
*Only draft breed to originate in the US
*Descended from one mare, called Old Granny
Donkey and Mule
*Donkeys were among the first pack animals
*Donkeys originated in Africa, but are now found all over the world
*Donkeys have longe ears, a short, spiked mane, and is typically smaller and more narrow than a horse
*Mules are created by breeding a male donkey with a female horse
*Hinnys are created by breeding a male horse and a female donkey
*Mules and hinnys are both sterile, and do not have the ability to reproduce
*Mules have ears like donkeys, but are closer in size to horses
*Desirable pack animals, because they have the sturdiness of a donkey with the size of a horse
Lipizzan
Missouri Foxtrotter
Paso Fino
Peruvian Paso
Spanish Mustang
Saddlebred
Trakehner
*Breed developed from Arabian, Barb, and Spanish breed influences
*The only breed used by the Spanish Riding School in Vienna, Austria
*known for their ability to perform dressage movements along with different leaps and jumps
*Lipizzans are always grey in color
*Gaited breed known for it's four beat broken diagonal gait called the fox trot
*Developed in the Ozark Mountains of Missouri
*One of 3 breeds named after a state, the others are the Tennessee Walker and the Colorado Ranger.
*The breed is popular for working cattle beause of its smooth gait.
*Developed from horses that came from Spain to South America.
*Its two countries of origin are Puerto Rico and Colombia
*the Paso Fino's name means "fine step," because it is a naturally gaited horse
*Its three gaits are the paso fino, paso corto and paso largo
*Commonly used for Western riding, as well as trail riding and endurance competitions
*All solid colors are acceptable
*Originated in Peru
*Performs a paso llano, a four beat lateral gait, in place of the trot
*Part of the gait is called the termino, which is outward swinging leg action
*All solid colors are acceptable
*The descendants of horses that were brought to the US by Spanish explorers
*The horses were used as mounts for Native American tribes as well as cowboys and ranchers
*Are a very hardy breed able to survive on the plains of the western US
*The Spanish Mustangs today are the same as they were when they first came
*The face marking called Medicine Hat was seen as powerful to the Native Americans
*The Spanish Mustang Registry,Inc. was formed in 1957
*resulted from the breeding of small British horses to Thoroughbreds, Arabians, Morgans, and finally, Standardbreds
*Perform gaits called the slow gait and the rack, both 4 beat gaits
*Has high-stepping movement
*General Robert E. Lee rode a Saddlebred named Traveller
*Known as the "Peacock of the show ring"
*Foundation sire is Denmark
*Originated in East Prussia, but since WWII has been bred primarily in West Germany
*The breed was refined with the addition of Arabian and Thoroughbred bloodlines
*The Trakehner stands between 16-17 hands
*Excels in dressage because of its light and springy gaits
*Also excels in jumping
Welsh Pony and Cob
*Originated in Wales
* A Welsh Cob is a horse that is over 14.2 hands, and therefore is not a 'pony' even though it is of pony breeding
*considered one of the most dependable children's mount
*Also excels in Dressage, Hunter, Driving, Western and Cross Country
*There are three sections of Welsh Pony, Section A, Section B, and Section C
*Section A is more refined and under 12.2 hands
*Section B is under 14.2 hands
*Section C is more stocky and hardy, is under 13.2 hands, and is called the Welsh Pony of Cob Type
*Section D is stocky and hardy as well, and is 13.2 hands and up.
Common Horse Breeds
Made by: Erin Halla
The End :)
Full transcript