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Transcript of As Predicted:
Economic Crisis in Europe,
Back to Bread and Wine
What is rural Italian society like in the 1930s?
What view of rural life does Silone present?
Why do Italians support the government?
Has Italian life changed under Fascism?
Has life improved?
Secondino Tranquilli, alias
The Creditanstalt in Vienna
NSDAP: 107 of 577 Reichstag seats in 1930, 92 more in March 1933
Adolf Hitler (NSDAP
Ramsay MacDonald's Labour
Party defeats Stanley Baldwin's
Conservative Party in May of
1929, nineteen months before
Trade with world halves
Output of heavy industry drops 33%
Unemployment reaches 3.5 million (of 46 million citizens)
The Depression in Great Britain
The "National Government"...
...abandons gold standard
...cuts the "the dole" by 10%
...undercuts free trade
Answers to the Depression
Rejection of Globalization
Supporting the Unemployed
Large-scale Public Works Programs
Drop in world trade
24 October 1929:
The Great Depression begins
Unemployed men in front of a London workhouse, 1930
"[A] plongeur is one of the slaves of the modern world....he is no freer than if he were bought and sold. His work is servile and without art; he is paid just enough to keep him alive....trapped by a routine which makes thought impossible....they do not think, for they have no leisure for it."
Eric Blair (a.k.a. George
Orwell), "Down and Out
in Paris and London" (1933)
Wendy Hiller played
Sally Hardcastle in
"Love on the Dole"
at its opening in
Manchester in 1934
for the 1935
Roman Dmowski, co-founder of
Poland's National-Democracy Party
In relations with other
nations, there is neither
right nor wrong; there is
only strength and
May Day 1930, Berlin