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Instruments of the Orchestra

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by

Mr Boyle

on 31 July 2015

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Transcript of Instruments of the Orchestra

Instruments of the Orchestra
Learning Intentions
Success Criteria
Skills
- We will explore some of the layout of an orchestra.
- We are going to look
at the strings family &
listen to the instruments.
Listening
Discussing
Analysing
By the end of the period all of us will be able to:

- name all of the instruments in the string family.
- tell me the three main concepts you think of when you hear a string instrument and be able to hear them in music.
Viola
2nd
Violin
1st Violin
Harp
Cello
Double
Bass
Copy this onto your diagram!
Just in case you didn't see it!
- The
violin
is the smallest and highest sounding instrument in the String family.
- A violin has 4 strings
-
One way to play the violin is by using the bow. This is called
ARCO.
- The
viola
bigger in size and can
produce a lower sound than the violin.
- It also has 4 strings.
- The
cello
is larger than the viola
and therefore produces
a lower sound.
- Another technique that string
players use is
VIBRATO
- This is when the note
vibrates
.
The player moves their hand back and forward to create this effect and it can make a string instrument sound very beautiful.
- The double bass is similar to the cello but is bigger in size and produces the lowest sound of the string family.
- Double bass is also commonly
found in jazz music.
- One of the techniques that
they use in jazz and any music for that matter, is
PIZZICATO.
- This is when the player
plucks
the strings rather than use the bow.
- The violin is called a
FIDDLE
in Scottish/Celtic music.
- The
Harp
is different from other string instruments. It is played by using both hands
plucking
the strings.
?
- A
Concert Harp
has 46 or 47 strings
- Scottish/Celtic musicians use a
smaller version of the Concert Harp
with only around 34 strings called
the
Clarsach
BRASS
Strings
Percussion
Woodwind
Things to copy down...
Arco - when you play with a bow.

Pizzicato - when you pluck the strings.

Vibrato - When the note vibrates.
Quiz!
1a) Is this musician playing
ARCO
or
PIZZICATO
?
Listen to this piece of music and answer TWO questions.
b) Write down the instrument that you think is playing. Is it a
Violin
or a
Cello
?
2a) What is the instrument playing? Is it a
Viola
or a
Double Bass
?


b) Is the musician using
VIBRATO
in the music?
You are going to hear a different piece of music.
LAST QUESTION
3a) What is the instrument playing? Is it a
Harp
or a
Double Bass
?

b) What other instrument is playing?

c) Is the
STRING
instrument playing
ARCO
or
PIZZICATO
?
Learning Intentions
Success Criteria
Skills
- We will explore some of the layout of an orchestra.
- We are going to look
at the strings family &
listen to the instruments.
Listening
Discussing
Analysing
By the end of the period all of us will be able to:

- name all of the instruments in the string family.
- tell me the three main concepts you think of when you hear a string instrument and be able to hear them in music.
Learning Intentions
Success Criteria
Skills
Listening
Discussing
Analysing
By the end of the period all of us will be able to:

- name all of the instruments in the string family.
- tell me the three main concepts you think of when you hear a string instrument and be able to hear them in music.
"Ride like the woodwind, Bullseye!"
The cast of 'Toy Story' are going to take us on a journey into the world of woodwind!
The piccolo is the smallest and highest sounding instrument of the woodwind family.

The flute is a little deeper and often plays the melody line.

The sound is produced by
BLOWING
across the hole like you
would a bottle.
The oboe is also high in pitch.
You play is by
BLOWING
into
the reed.
The oboe has a double reed.
What do you think it is made of?
The clarinet has a beautiful, rich sound.
It also uses a reed, except this time it is only a single reed.
What is it made of?
EEK
SNAKES!
The bassoon is the lowest and biggest instrument in the woodwind section.

It has a deep, nasal sound.

It sounds a little like a snake charmer.
The Cor Anglais is a little like an oboe but LOWER.

The saxophone does not play in an
orchestra but is part of a concert/wind band or a jazz band.

They often play jazz and blues music but there are classical pieces for saxophone too.
Baritone
Tenor
Alto
Soprano
- We are going to explore the woodwind family.
- We are going to consolidate our knowledge from the last lesson and this one.
Remembering
BAMBOO!
Quiz!
1) What instruments are playing here?
a) Double Bass & Oboe

b) Harp & Flute

c) Violin & Clarinet
2) What kind of reed does the flute have?
a) Single Reed

b) No Reed

c) Double Reed
3a) Is the string instrument playing ARCO or PIZZICATO?

b) What instruments are playing?
Bassoon & Cello

Harp & Saxophone

Viola & Cor Anglais
4) Name the instruments
a)
b)
c)
Oboe
Flute
Double
Bass
Copy this onto your diagram!
Flutes
Oboes
Bassoons
Clarinets
Learning Intentions
Success Criteria
Skills
Listening
Discussing
Analysing
By the end of the period all of us will be able to:

- name all of the instruments in the string, woodwind and brass family.
- describe the technique that the trombone can do as well as other instruments.
Remembering
- We are going to explore the brass family.
- We are going to keep building on our knowledge of the instrument families.
- The tuba is the lowest brass instrument.

- Because it has the longest and widest tubing it makes the lowest sound.
- The trumpet is the smallest and highest sounding instrument of the brass family.
- You produce the sound by buzzing your lips together and
BLOWING
- The valves on the trumpet were invented in 1814.
- The French horn is one of the most difficult instruments.
- It has a hearty, noble
sound.
- It has a lever
which changes
the key of the
instrument from
Bb to F.
- The trombone is a powerful instrument that is called the sackbut in German. This means 'pull and push'.
- There are no valves on a trombone
and you change the pitch by moving the slide and altering your lips.
- The trombone is able
to play a technique called
GLISSANDO
which is when the instrument slides up or down.
The thing that is in the Alison Balsom's trumpet is a mute. This kind of mute dampens the sound.
One of the ensembles you can get when you put brass instruments together is a
BRASS BAND
Cornet
Euphonium
Baritone
Tenor Horn
Trombone & Tuba
French Horn
Trumpet
1
2
3

6
5
4
Working with others
Learning Intentions
Success Criteria
Skills
Listening
Discussing
Analysing
By the end of the period all of us will be able to:

- name all of the instruments in the orchestra and know what they sound like.
- remember all of the techniques that orchestral instruments can play.
Remembering
- We are going to explore the percussion family.
- We are going to challenge our knowledge of the orchestra through some active learning.
Working with others
Percussion instruments add dramatic effect to music. Listen to these examples and write on your show me boards:

- How the drums make the music more dramatic.

- Where would you expect to hear music like this?

- What is in the music as well as the orchestra?
The Orchestra Game!
Percussion
Strings
Woodwind
Brass
The Timpani (or Kettlebells) provide the underlying heartbeat for the orchestra.
The conductor has to have direct eye contact with them so that the orchestra stays together.
Glockenspiel
Xylophone
Vibraphone
Marimba
Tuned Percussion - instruments like these are metal or wooden bars that make a sound when you STRIKE them with a mallet/beater.
Another tuned percussion instrument is the Tubular Bells.
Each tube is a different length.
Will the shorter ones be higher or lower?
They sound like church bells.
The Piano and Celesta are both percussion instruments because you STRIKE the keys to produce the sound.
Stand out of your chair when you hear your section playing.
Fill this in with percussion instruments we learn about in the period as well as any extras we talk about!
Full transcript