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Transcript of Chinese History
A Timeline of Important Events
Medieval and Early Modern Times (textbook)
Early Chinese Middle Ages
In between 907 and 960 China had no central government, and warlords tried to run a government, and general Wendi founded the Sui dynasty.
After the period without a government, in years 960-1279 the Sui dynasty was formed and they focused greatly on strengthening the central government.
During the Song dynasty, in the 1100's , Buddhism was allowed to be practiced in monasteries, increasing followers.
Buddhism Begins in China
The Mongol Period
After the Song Dynasty, in 1279 a tribe known as the Mongols, took over China, starting the Yuan dynasty.
Europe Arrives In China
In 1281, European traders like Marco Polo were introduced during the Yuan dynasty, and that spiked interest in Asia for Europe.
Inventions Made in China
In the year 1034, movable type was invented and it reveloutionized the way books were made.
In 1413, a Chinese voyager named Zheng He voyaged up the Persian Gulf to Arabia, and to Eastern Africa.
During this period
In the year 910, paper money was first introduced, and gunpowder was first used for military purposes.
Religion in pre-modern eras
In between 1127 and 1279, neo-confucianism begins and pottery becomes one of China's most important exports.
After the Mongols
The Great Wall
Also in 1368, the Ming dynasty was first led by Zhu YuanZhang, who was able to overcome the Mongols because they were able to use gunpowder weapons.
In 1474, the Ming dynasty finished fortifying the great wall of China, which protected the nation form attacks.