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Women and Minorities on the Homefront
Transcript of Women and Minorities on the Homefront
Images from Shutterstock.com Benefits and Personal Cost of War: The war finally ended the Great Depression.
The economy created almost 19 million jobs and doubled the average families income.
American society drastically changed due to the war.
Eventually, 2.5 million women worked in shipyards, aircrafts, factories, and other manufacturing plants.
By the end of the war, the number of working women increased from 12.9 million to 18.8 million.
The war opened job opportunities for not only women, but minorities as well. Women in Defense Plants African Americans Demand War Work A. Philip Randolph was the head of the "Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters." It was the first predominately black labor union. He led March on Washington Movement.
Born April 15, 1889 and died May 16, 1979.
Convinced FDR to sign the Executive Order 8802 on June 25, 1941. This prohibited racial discrimination in the national defense industry. It offered equal opportunity. The gained along with American citizens in the wartime economy.
In 1942 the federal government asked mexican farm workers with the harvest in the southwest.
Bracero meaning "worker" in spanish. More then 200,000 mexicans helped harvest fruit and vegetables, helped build and maintain railroads.
1942-1964 Bracero Program.
During the wartime economy created many jobs.
15 million americans moved during this war.
Southern California grew and expansion in the deep south cities created the sun belt.
Sun belt: New industrial region
Since the industrial revolution began in the U.S. the South and West was leading in manufacturing and Urbanization too. Mexican Farm Workers By: Gohdar, Paige, Jessica, Kearsten Women and Minorities
on the Homefront Rosie the Riveter was a symbol of the campaign to hire women. Her character was from a popular song by the Four Vagabonds a girl who worked in the factory while her boyfriend served in the marines.
Many believed women shouldn't work in the work force, but with a shortage of jobs it gave women the opportunity to work outside their homes.
With the wartime labor shortage it forced factories to instead recruit married women for industrial jobs that were usually reserved for men.
Although most of their careers ended after the war did, their successes changed the American outlook on working women permanently. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iJ7sa7x0h6w&feature=player_embedded