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Transcript of Testosterone-Replacement Therapy
It can't be used
Testosterone replacement therapy may stimulate growth of the prostate. If early prostate cancer is present, testosterone may stimulate the cancer’s growth. Therefore, men who have prostate cancer should not take testosterone replacement therapy.
Inadequate testosterone production is not a common cause of erectile dysfunction (ED). When ED does occur with decreased testosterone production, testosterone replacement therapy may improve the ED.
The benefits conferred by testosterone replacement therapy are substantial, both in the short term for the eradication of symptoms of androgen deficiency, and in the long term for the prevention of osteoporosis.
Testosterone deficiency syndrome
Testosterone deficiency syndrome (TDS), a condition also known as hypogonadism, is a condition affecting men in which the body does not produce enough of the hormone testosterone.
TDS is characterized by symptoms with or without signs, as well as deficiency in testosterone levels.
In the adult male, testosterone controls all sexual functions . In addition, it preserves the typical male build and appearance. .
It is important for physical health and performance and also has a decisive influence on mood and sensation of well-being. It is estimated that low testosterone affects 20% of all men over the age of 60.
The options available for testosterone replacement are:
Intramuscular injections, generally every two or three weeks
Testosterone patches worn either on the body or on the scrotum. These patches are used daily.
Testosterone gels that are applied daily to the shoulders, upper arms, or abdomen.
Each of these options provides adequate levels of hormone replacement. Each has side effects, advantages and disadvantages.
The improvement in libido and sexual function, bone density, muscle mass, body composition, mood, erythropoiesis, cognition, quality of life and cardiovascular disease.
Possible risks include worsening symptoms of benign prostatic hypertrophy, increase in red cell count, liver toxicity, worsening untreated sleep apnea or severe heart failure.