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modified from Prezi by Serina W

Michael-Ann Cerniglia

on 12 September 2016

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Transcript of Hinduism

3 Main Gods as a part of Brahman:
Symbol of Hinduism
Hindus practice Puja (prayer) at home or temple
Make offerings to Murti (sacred statue of god)
Presentation by Michael-Ann Cerniglia
Hinduism Originated in India
developed out of Harrapan Era and
Vedic tradition
No single founder
There are common holy texts, but doctrine and ritual may vary
Celebrations and Festivals
Major Beliefs
Followers of major divisions
Liberation of the atman (soul)
experience completes oneness of identity and purpose with the Universal Consciousness
Ends samsara (cycle of rebirths)
Spiritual goal
An invincible force that fuels a continuing cycle of rebirth, which will occur until karmic force is exhausted.
The soul gets reborn into a new body.
Seemingly never ending cycle until moksha is achieved.
To detach one's spirit from the material, one needs a deep knowledge that can overcome all ignorance and a progressive practice of liberation.
exercises which are simultaneously physical, spiritual, and moral
the cosmic order of universe, humanity and life
Right conduct in any situation
importance of context
Foundation of moral life
Aranyakas often part of
emerged between 800-600 BCE
secret knowledge about the nature of sacrifice, the divine, the cosmos, the nature of life and death, and the path of salvation by means of higher knowledge.
creation stories
geneology of gods
history of patriarchs of the lunar and solar dynasties
Bhagavad Gita is the 6th book
(Lakshmi, Parvati, Saravati/ Durga, Kali)
(all as part of one)
A collection of rituals and prayers to guide the priests
(Rig, Sama, Yajur, Atharva)
Holi- Spring Festival
Diwali- Festival of Lights
Buddhism & Jainism
Reading Discussion
"Ecstasy dissipates the power of the karma, thus obstructing transmigration and bringing about the conjunction of the atman with the Brahman, finally bringing humans into the realm of the divine" (Sullivan 70).
What did you learn that you did not know about before?
How is this similar/different than religious practices you are familiar with (i.e. yoga)
What specific terms or passages confused you?
How is ancient Hinduism different than modern Hinduism?
A Hindu Temple is constructed according to the Agama Sastras (Temple manuals) in the image of the human body. The two sides of the temple represent the hands, and the top of the Temple represents the head. The deity Venkateswara (Lord of Venkata, and a representation of Vishnu) rests in the innermost recess called the Garbhagraha (sanctum sanctorum). The S. V. Temple at Pittsburgh follows the temple texts known as Pancharatra Agama which consists of 108 samhitas (collection).

Archa Roopam
The Agama state that Narayana, the eternal Divine Being, should be worshipped in the Archa Roopam (iconic form) in temples and homes. Hindu devotee believes that divine power has manifested itself in the murti (icon/idol). Major religious events like Kumbhabhishekam are performed to re-energize the Murti with Divine Power, which can either be diluted or lost due to transgressions committed unknowingly by the priests or the worshippers. Worshipping the Archai Avatara as Hari gives the devotees access to God and His Power.

Rules of Agama require a temple priest to serve and act as an intermediary between the worshipper and God. The Vaishnava Temple priests are referred to as Bhaktacharya, Bhattacharya or simply Bhattar. They come from families with Temple priesthood as their traditional occupation, and learn their skills from a young age. All the daily and weekly rituals are performed by the priests. Special occasions such as Kumbhabhishekam require additional priests, who are then invited from other Temples in the United States and India.

Several types of religious services performed at the Temple: Archana, Abhishekam, Sathyanarayana Puja, Kalyana Utsavam, Homa and many others which are published under "Services", "Programs & News" menu items in this website.
From the SV Temple, Monroeville, PA
Hindu-Jain Temple, Monroeville, PA
First unified Hindu-Jain Temple in North America and perhaps in the world
S.V. Temple, Monroeville, PA
Angkor Wat, Cambodia
modified from Prezi by Serina W

Brahma (creator)
Vishnu (preserver)
Shiva (destroyer)
Religious concept that every individual is born with unique temperament and set of skills that will contribute to a functioning society;
from birth and past karma-
not inherited
from parents

material prosperity
means of fulfilling life
sense pleasures
enjoyment of the material world
Four Goals
in Human Life
The Hindu American Foundation www.hafsite.org

Religions of the World: An Introduction to Religions and Meaning by Lawrence Sullivan
All Pervasive
Karma Yoga
Jnana Yoga
Bhakti Yoga
Raji Yoga
Act without reward
(the most difficult)
inquiry and reflection to recognize the unity of Brahman and Atman
practices to purify mind
practice of the mind to transcend thoughts and ego
Selfless service
through participation
500 BCE addition to:
Vedism (no temples or statues) and
Brahmanism (offered sacrifices and puja)
Rest one's heart and mind in God (understand "God" in Hinduism)
various practices to cultivate love of God
receive love of the god whom a person adores
of Hindus are vegetarian because of belief from Vedas that all organisms are manifestations of God.
physical fitness
Sustained lifestyle
Brahmin: study/teach
Kshatriya: power/protect
Vaisya: earn/give
Sudra: serve

thousands of occupations
socially constructed, not religious or found in scripture
hierarchic and rigid
mapped to the four varnas
inherited from parents
emerged over time
led to dominance and discrimination
responsible action
acceptance of unavoidable sorrows
The Four Vedas (shruti)
an ethics code; ancient Hindu legal code
sruti (to hear and reveal)
smriti (second hand)
not scripture
how to cook in home; treat one's neighbors
The Brahmana
The Upanishads (shruti)
National Epics of India
God's energy that is running the universe
devotional anchor
Manifests as:
Experienced, not perceived
Sanskrit Hymn:
No one is superior, none inferior. All are brothers marching forward to prosperity.
Sanskrit Hymn
Truth is one, the wise call it by many names.
- science of health and life
- science of warfare
- the study of aesthetics,
and delineates art forms
- guidance on public
administration, governance,
economy, and politics
Agama Shastras
Devotion and worship; rituals and practice
Religions of the World: An Introduction to Culture and Meaning (Lawrence Sullivan) Chapter 2
these came out of Bhakti Movement in 15th-17th Century
5th-2nd C BCE
Full transcript