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Transcript of Chapter 3
By: Vane Mardyan, Devyn Heart, & Emily Mirzayants
The animals learn to use the farming tools.
Boxer develops a strong work ethic - "I will work harder"
The pigs become the supervisors and directors of the animal workers.
The animals meet in the big barn to listen to Snowball & Napoleon debate.
Snowball forms a number of unsuccessful Animal Committees.
Snowball reduces the Seven Commandments to a single slogan: "Four legs good, two legs bad."
Napoleon concentrates on educating the youth.
He takes Jessie and Bluebell's infant pups away from their mothers, presumably for educational purposes.
The animals learn that the milk and apples are mixed every day into the pigs' mash.
Squealer explains that the milk and apples are necessary in order for the pigs to be sustained so they can function for the sake of the other animals.
Themes of the Chapter
begins to develop a strong work ethic, and even makes "I will work harder!" his personal motto. He begins to show his loyalty to Animalism through his hard work, similar to how the
communist supporters of Stalin
stayed dedicated to the Russian Revolution.
starts to make his rivalry with Snowball obvious, disagreeing with everything he had to say. He also begins to show signs of relentless behavior when he took away Jesse & Bluebell's pups. Being a representation of
, Napoleon is a strong encourager of Animalism but is extremely corrupt, just like his human equivalent.
Simile: "All through that summer the work of the farm went like clockwork."
Hyperbole: "...there were days when the entire work of the farm seemed to rest on his mighty shoulders."
"Do you know what would happen if we pigs failed in our duty?"
"Comrades! You do not imagine, I hope, that we pigs are doing this in a spirit of selfishness & privelege?"
"...they knew every inch of the field..."
The vocabulary Orwell uses seems sophisticated.
He uses words such as doled, shirked, indefatigable and propulsion.
is the animal most clearly attuned to Old Major's thinking, just like how
was true Marxist. He also reduces the Commandments to a single precept so that even the least intelligent animals can understand the farm's new philosophy. He is a true believer in Animalism, like how Trotsky was a true communist.
Chapter Three represents the success of the Animalism & how life seems to be doing well afterwards. The animals all pick up tools & get to work with double vigor, mirroring the optimism of the communists during the Revolution. The harvest is good and the everyone seems to be happy, but like how the leaders of the Revolution were actually abusing their power behind the scenes, we see the pigs begin to elevate themselves to a higher status than the other animals, which ironically goes against Animalism principles. They take the windfall apples and milk for themselves, excusing this gluttony by saying it is necessary for a pig to eat such things for the sake of working. They are even elevated to near martyrdom in Squealer's explanation to the animals where he says that the pigs are selfless individuals who need to have the apples & milk in order to better the other farm animals. He also threatens that if the pigs are not kept in this spoiled condition, Jones will return. This theme of the pigs collecting more & more corrupt power starts in Chapter Three & goes on as a major conflict for the rest of the book.
A few life lessons are portrayed in the situation where the pigs start to lie to the animals segregating themselves because they were at a high intelligence level and lying to the other animals about the milk and apples.
This portrays themes of:
: The pigs advocated equality but went against their own principles by placing themselves at a higher level because they were more intelligent than the other animals. Orwell uses this to make a statement about how people may promote a particular idea but are capable of being hypocrites.
: The pigs were taking advantage of the trust the animals had in them by lying, all because they had the power to do so. Orwell is trying to perpetuate
: Regardless of the establishment of Animalism, there was still oppression within the animal community. Instead of the humans doing the oppressing, it was the leaders of the revolt. The lesser intelligent animals were being discriminated against by the pigs, which is how Orwell demonstrated an example of how oppression cannot be truly avoided.
Quiz Questions ... Dun dun duuun
1. The pigs are the leaders of the farm.
C. Only Napoleon
D. Only Snowball
2. The milk and the apples were for everyone.
B. Everyone except for Boxer
C. Everyone except for Clover
3. Why do you think the Seven Commandments were reduced to "Four legs good, two legs bad"?
A. So the lesser intelligent animals can comprehend the concept of Animalism.
B. The commandments were too long.
C. Napoleon disagreed with the commandments.
D. Snowball disagreed with the commandments.
4. What's one way Snowball represents Trotsky?
A. He is not a big fan of Old Major's thinking, like how Trotsky disliked Marx.
B. He does not want to include everyone.
C. He disagrees on almost everything with Napoleon like Trotsky with Stalin.
D. He hates Animalism like how Trotsky hated communism.
7. What was Squealer's excuse about stealing apples and milk?
A. "We pigs are doing this in a spirit of selfishness and privilege"
B. "We like putting milk in our pigs' mash"
C. "Us pigs dislike apples and milk ourselves"
D. "Milk and apples contain substance absolutely necessary to the well-being of a pig"
5. Which of the following is
not an example of how
the animals were being
oppressed by the pigs?
A. The pigs decided to help teach the other animals the alphabet
B. How the pigs replaced the farm rules made by the farmer with even more rules
C. Making the animals do most of the physical labor
D. How the pigs consumed milk & apples
8. Why does Napoleon take away the pups?
A. He thought that they were weak & useless.
B. He generally disliked them.
C. He wanted to educate them.
D. He wanted them to begin working.
9. How does Boxer represent the communists?
A. He hates the revolution.
B. He is blindly conforming to their leaders and doing everything as they say.
C. He disagrees with Napoleon like how the communists disagreed with Stalin.
D. He wants Jones to come back like how the communists wanted a tsarist government again.
6. Snowball and Napoleon start to dispute with each other. This relates to...
A. The relationship between the bourgeoisie
B. The relationship between the Tzar and the citizens
C. The relationship between Leon Trotsky and Josef Stalin
D. None of the above
10. Boxer's motto: "I will ____ ______!"
A. eat more
B. annihilate all
C. throw hands
D. work harder