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What is Government?
Transcript of What is Government?
Government is defined as:
The body that creates and enforces laws, seeks to maintain order within society, and provides public services to citizens.
Executive: The person in charge of the government. (President, Prime Minister, King, Chief, Mr. Stuchell)
Legislature: The group of people responsible for making the laws of a country. (Congress/Parliament)
Judiciary: The judicial authorities of a country (judges).
Democracy: A system of government in which the people, or all eligible people, run the government. This is normally done through representatives.
Monarchy: King, Queen, Prince, Princess, etc.
Autocracy: All power is consolidated in one person.
Types of Democracies
Representative: The people elect representatives to represent them in a congress. Examples: The United States and Mexico
Direct: The people represent themselves. The only working example is Switzerland.
Types of Monarchy
Absolute: The King or Queen has total power. Examples: Saudi Arabia and Oman
Constitutional Monarchy: The powers of the monarch are limited by a constitution. Normally the monarch has a ceremonial role while power is held by the legislature. Examples: Great Britain and Spain
Types of Autocracy
Authoritarianism: Government characterized by absolute or blind obedience to authority. Examples: Syria, Laos, China
Despotism: A single entity rules a state. This may be a person, political party, or group of people.
Dictatorship: Power is held by one person or party. Example: Cuba, North Korea
Totalitarianism: One party or person holds complete power over all public and private life.
Examples: Nazi Germany
Oligarchy: Power is held by a few people.
Theocracy: Technically means rule by god or gods. In our times it means a country run by a religion or religious leader.
Anarchy: No government.
Types of Oligarchies
Aristocracy: Rule by a small, privileged, ruling class.
Military Junta: Rule by a group of military leaders. Example: Myanmar
Plutocracy: Rule by the rich.