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Constitution Detective Mission 2: The Key Vocabulary
Transcript of Constitution Detective Mission 2: The Key Vocabulary
Section 1: Office of the President and Vice President
The President has the power to command armed forces or grant pardons. The length of the President's term in office is 2 terms or 8 years if re-elected, if not then he only serves four years.
The election of the President is an indirect vote in which citizens cast ballots for a slate of members of the U.S. Electoral College. These directors directly elect the President.
Mission 5: The Executive Branch
The requirements to become President:
1. Must be a natural born citizen of the United States.
2. A resident for 14 years.
3. Must be 35 years of age or older.
Section 2: Powers Granted to the President
1. Sign Legislation
2. Command the Armed Forces
3. Grant Pardons
Section 3: Duties of the President
A yearly address delivered in January by the President of the U.S. Congress, giving the Administration's view of the state of the nation and plans for legislation.
Some other duties of the President
Mission 3: The Creation
Events that led up to The Creation of the Constitution
1) Proclamation of 1763
2) Boston Massacre
3) Battles of Lexington and Concord
Reasons of why the people created the Constitution
1) Establish a strong federal government for the U.S.
2) Provide for the Separation of Powers in the government as well as rights to U.S. citizens.
3) Replace the Articles of Confederation
Mission 4: The Legislative Branch
Section 8: Powers Granted to Congress
1. Lay and collect taxes
2. Pay the debts
3. Borrow money on the credit of the United States
4. Declare War
5. Make laws
Section 9: Powers Denied to Congress
1. Cannot pass bills of attainder
2. Suspend court orders that have charged people for arrested crimes
3. Can't pass done laws
4. Cannot withdraw money from the Treasury
Mission 2: The Key Vocabulary
Key words: Definition:
Amendment - addition or change to the Constitution, made into law through the process of ratification.
Preamble - an introductory statement; preface; introduction
Democracy - government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and excercised by them.
Republic - a form of government in which the people excercise power through their chosen representatives.
Federal System - Relating to a system of government that divides power between a central authority and a number of smaller states.
Mission 4: The Legislative Branch
Section 1: The Congress
The Congress has the power to make laws.
Section 2: The House of Representatives
The representatives are elected by the voters in the district. Their term of office is 2 years.
Section 3: The Senate
A Senator's term of office is 6 years.
Section 10: Powers Denied to the States
1. Quit from the Union
2. Pass the Federal Laws
3. Coin Money
1. Making a patriotic speech on the Fourth of July
2. The President is in charge of the armed forces such as the air force, army, marines, and navy.
Section 4: Removal From Office
A president can be removed from office by impeachment. Article 2 Section 3: The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments.
Mission 6: The Judicial Branch
Section 1: Federal Courts
The judicial has the power to make decisions in courts of law.
Section 2: Power of Federal Courts
1. Cases affecting ambassadors.
2. Public ministers and consuls.
3. Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction.
Section 3: The Crime of Treason
Treason consists levying war against the United States, or adhering to their enemies, by giving the United States aid and comfort. (Clause 1).
The Congress has power to decide punishment for treason.
Mission 7: Relations among the States
Section 2: Rights of Citizens
"The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states." States are not allowed to discriminate against the residents of other states.
If a person is caught trying to flee from a state after being charged with a crime, then they are sent back for trial.
Section 3: Treatment of new States and Territories
The Congress lets new states become part of the United States.
Section 4: Guarantees to the States
The federal government ensures us that we are protected from invasions or domestic violence.
Mission 8: Amending the Constitution
Two ways to make Amendments to the Constitution
1. The Constitutional Convention needs to be called by two-thirds of the legislatures of the states.
2. The amendments made at the Convention must be approved by three-fourths of the states.
Mission 9: Debts and Others
The Congress is responsible to pay back all the debts.
The Constitution of the United States is the document known as the "Supreme law of the Land." This includes the laws and Treaties made under the authority of the United States.
The officials have to promise that they will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States and will do the best of their ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States. (Article II Section 1).
Mission 10: Ratification
Nine States had to approve the Constitution before it became law. September 17, 1787 was the date when this document was approved by the Constitutional Convention.
Mission 10: Ratification
5 people who signed the Constitution:
1. Benjamin Franklin
2. Alexander Hamilton
3. Robert Morris
4. Roger Sherman
5. George Washington