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PAST SIMPLE

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by

Barbara Urdaneta

on 9 June 2015

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Transcript of PAST SIMPLE

Lopez Yeskaric
Urdaneta Barbara

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
How do we make the simple past tense?
Subject + Verb (Past Tense) + Rest of the sentence
PAST SIMPLE
I
moved
here in 2012.
They
were
very pleased.
We
saw
a movie yesterday.
How do we make the simple past tense?
NEGATIVE SENTENCES
How do we make the simple past tense?
Yes/No type Question
How do we make the simple past tense?
Information Questions
Subject + Auxiliary +Not +Verb (Present Tense) +Rest of the sentence
Auxiliary + Subject + Verb (Present Tense) +Rest of the sentence?
Question Word + Auxiliary +Subject + Verb(Present) + Rest of the sentence?
You
did

not
learn
English at home.
She
didn't

arrive
on time.
We
did not

see
the movie yesterday.

What

did
she
write
?
Where
did
they
play
yesterday?
When
did
the bus
leave
?
PAST
SIMPLE
TENSE


Did
you
learn
English at home?

Did
She
arrive
on time?

Did
he
go
to the cinema last night?
Yes, I did.
No, She didn't.
Yes, he did.
What is past simple tense?
It’s the tense use For:
1. Talking about an action started and finished at a specific time in the past.

2. Or for series of completed actions in the past.
Verbs in past form
:
Change
REGULAR
IRREGULAR
1. For most regular verbs we add

Examples:
finish

finish
ed

miss

miss
ed
REGULAR VERBS
2. For regular verbs ending in a silent 
e
add

Examples:
close

clos
ed

love
-
lov
ed
3. For Regular verbs ending in a vowel + y  add

Examples:
play
-
play
ed

destroy
-
destroy
ed
–ed
-ied
-ed
-d
4. For Regular verbs ending in a
consonant+ y
  drop "
Y"
and add

Examples:
marry
-
marr
ied

study

stud
ied
If there is a
consonant
after a
stressed

vowel
at the end of the word,
double the consonant
.
Special cases of the -ed forms:
stop – sto
pp
ed ban - ba
nn
ed
How to pronounce the –
-ed ending

in past regular verbs?
[t]
[d]
[id]
I walk
ed
away.
EXAMPLES:
[t]
What do you hear?
PAST TENSE VERB
"WALK
ED
"
It smell
ed
bad
PAST TENSE VERB
"SMELL
ED
"
[d]
What do you hear?
EXAMPLES:
I visit
ed
New York.
PAST TENSE VERB
"VISIT
ED
"
EXAMPLES:
[id]
What do you hear?
Why the sound changes?
3 RULES
1. Voiceless sounds - no vibration
[f] [s]
If the last consonant of the word is 
voiceless -ed
is pronounced as a
[t]
kiss
ed
talk
ed
park
ed
help
ed
2.Voiced sounds – vibration
If the last letter of the words ends in a 
voiced
 consonant (or sound) -ed is pronounced as a
[V] [Z]
[d]
play
ed
clos
ed
open
ed
liv
ed
3. The
/id/
sound
If the last letter of the word is spelled with “t” or “d”, the -ed is pronounced as

[id]
wait
ed
Need
ed
Paint
ed
Want
ed
end
ed
Let’s
practice
PRACTICE
MAKES
PERFECT!!
IRREGULAR VERBS
Many of the most frequent verbs are irregular.
IRREGULAR
No general
Rules
They can end in a variety of ways, with absolutely no consistent pattern.

Examples:
think

thought

meet
-
met
Examples:
Get -
got
Have -
had
Go-
went
Know-
knew
Make –
made
Put –
put
Run –
ran
Read –
read
*
Write -
wrote
Be –

was /were
Break –

broke
Buy-

bought
Come -

came
Do –

did
Drink -

Drank
Eat -

ate
Feel -

felt
These verbs can be regular or irregular:
Special cases:
BASE FORM
Burn
Dream
Learn
Smell
PAST TENSE
Burn
ed
or
burnt
Dream
ed
or
dreamt
Learn
ed
or
learnt
Smell
ed
or
smelt
LET’S WATCH
A VIDEO!
Let’s
practice
PRACTICE
MAKES
PERFECT!!
Time expressions for past simple tense
We often used particular words and phrases to show when an action or situation happened in the past.
YESTERDAY
LAST _____
a / an / one _____ ago
the day before yesterday
Past dates
Past events
The day before today.
Last month
an / one hour ago
Two days ago
Last Christmas
On my last birthday
Full transcript