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YIELD PERFORMANCE OF PLEUROTUS FLORIDA GROWN IN VARYING COMP

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charlene mata

on 14 October 2014

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Transcript of YIELD PERFORMANCE OF PLEUROTUS FLORIDA GROWN IN VARYING COMP

Yield Performance of
Pleurous florida
grown in Varying Compositions of Rice straw and Banana leaf litter Substrates

INTRODUCTION

Oyster mushroom is also known as the wood fungus.
It is scientifically known as
Pleurotus
. It is basidiomycetes fungus belonging to order Agaricles and family Trichomataceae/Polyporaceae. There are about 38 species described under genus pleurotus from different part of the world out of which 25 species are under cultivation and it includes P. florida.
Oyster mushroom
(P.florida
) is an edible basidiomycete, which is widely grown all over Asia. It is used in the preparation of many continental dishes and is purported to have medicinal properties. Oyster mushroom is also one of the few known carnivorous mushrooms whose mycelia can kill and digest nematodes
This is an adaptive mechanism, which enables them to obtain nitrogen in swampy soils, tree trunks, and other nitrogen-poor substrates. This protein-extracting ability of oyster mushrooms also makes them a very popular alternative energy source for dieting individuals.
These mushrooms thrive well in many lignocellulosic materials. Digestion of these materials yields glucose and other forms of sugars. Since many sugars are released which are converted onto sources of carbon when digested, materials are likely to be used as substrates for P. florida cultivation.
A significant portion of farm wastes is thrown away or left to rot in the fields. These organic wastes (straws, leaves, roots, fruits, etc) can be recycled in several ways so that the environment may be relieved of pollution. One such alternative is using these organic wastes for oyster mushroom cultivation.
Thus, the researchers aimed to determine the best ratio of rice straw and banana leaf litter as substrate, which affects the fruiting of P.florida. The researchers determined the yield performance using the different treatment of the said substrate.
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