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Great Speeches: Logos, Ethos, and Pathos
Transcript of Great Speeches: Logos, Ethos, and Pathos
SOCIAL JUSTICE For example: Winston Churchill's "Finest Hour" Speeches are powerful,
during wartime or for the sake
of social justice.
When logical reasoning,
emotional appeal, and credibility
are all utilized,
their power is limitless. Throughout history, the world has been dramatically changed by speeches that included
all three of Aristotle's modes of persuasion:
logos, pathos, and ethos (Fritsch). For example, Susan B. Anthony's speech
"On Woman's Right to Suffrage" contains: logos pathos ethos other influential wartime speeches include
Patrick Henry's "Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death" and Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address logos pathos ethos other famous speeches for social justice include:
Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" 1. "We have, therefore, in this Island today a very large and
powerful military force" (Copeland 441). 2. [in summary] Concerning a large-scale sea invasion, the British Navy is now ready, trained, and capable of meeting it. "There should be no difficulty in this, owing to our great superiority at sea" (443). 3. "It seems quite clear that no invasion on a scale beyond the capacity of our land forces to crush speedily is likely to take place from the air until our Air Force has been definitely overpowered. But we have a very powerful Air Force which has proved itself far superior in quality,
both in men and in many types of machine" (443). 4. [in summary] We have the defensive advantage and will therefore fight more efficiently than we did in Dunkirk (444). 6. [in summary] The winter will be very difficult
for the German forces (445). 5. [in summary] We have the United States' support (445). "Much will depend upon this; every man and every woman will have the chance to show the finest qualities of their race, and render the highest service to their cause" (445). "Hitler knows that he will have to break us in this Island or lose the war. If we can stand up to him, all Europe may be free and the life of the world may move forward into broad, sunlit uplands. But if we fail, then the whole world, including the United States, including all that we have known and cared for, will sink into the abyss of a new Dark Age made more sinister, and perhaps more protracted, by the lights of perverted science. Let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties,
and so bear ourselves that if the British Empire and its
Commonwealth last for a thousand years,
men will still say,
'This was their finest hour'" (446). Winston Churchill served as Secretary of
State for War and Air as well as
First Lord of the Admiralty during WWI,
and as England's Prime Minister during WWII
("Winston Churchill Biography") Churchill is realistic and honest,
making him trustworthy to the British people:
"There remains, of course, the danger of bombing attacks... It is true that the German bomber force is superior in numbers to ours...
I do not at all underrate the severity of
the ordeal which lies
before us" (444). “It was we, the people; not we, the white male citizens...
but we, the whole people, who formed the Union”
(Copeland 321). “For any state to make sex a qualification that must ever result in the disfranchisement of one entire half of the people, is to pass a bill of attainder, or, an ex post facto law, and is therefore a violation of the supreme law of the land...this government has no just powers derived from the consent of the governed...this government is not a democracy.” (321). “Webster, Worcester, and Bouvier all define a citizen to be a person in the United States, entitled to vote and hold office…Are women persons? ... Being persons, then,
women are citizens…Hence, every discrimination
against women in the constitutions
and laws of the several states
is today null and void” (322). “By it the blessings of liberty are forever withheld from women and their
female posterity” (321). “It is an odious aristocracy; a hateful oligarchy of sex; the most hateful aristocracy ever established on the face of the globe…
but this oligarchy of sex…ordains all men sovereigns, all women subjects, carries dissension, discord, and rebellion
into every home of
the nation” (322). Anthony cites widely esteemed and accepted sources, including the United States Constitution, Webster’s Dictionary, and popular political theory,
as originated by John Locke.
Anthony begins her argument by
reading an excerpt from the
Preamble of the Constitution. A vast majority of the world's great speeches
have been made during times of war
or for the sake of social justice. LOGOS
The organization/ structure of one's argument (Fritsch) PATHOS
Greek word for "suffering" (Fritsch) ETHOS
The author's credibility
Greek word, meaning "character" (Fritsch) the end. works cited Lewis, Copeland, and Lamm W. Lawrence, eds. "Susan B. Anthony "On Woman's Right to Suffrage"" 1999. The World's Greatest Speeches. 3rd ed. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 1999. N. pag. Print. Lewis, Copeland, and Lamm W. Lawrence, eds. "Winston Churchill "Finest Hour"" 1999. The World's Greatest Speeches. 3rd ed. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 1999. N. pag. Print. Fritsch, Brad, Mr. "Rhetoric: A Brief History." English Composition I. Ridgway Secondary School, Ridgway, CO. 10 Sept. 2012. Lecture. "Winston Churchill Biography." Biography. A & E Television Networks, LLC, 2013. Web. 26 Mar. 2013. Churchill, Winston, Sir. Speech. Finest Hour. House of Commons, London. 18 June 1940. The History Place. Web. 26 Mar. 2013.