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Finding the Central Idea (copy)

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Mr. Sye

on 21 October 2016

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Transcript of Finding the Central Idea (copy)

Important Tips!
Only ONE sentence can be the stated central idea in a paragraph.
Avoid choosing a sentence just because it interests you or you think it sounds important.
Be sure you understand the sentence.
Examples are details that support the central idea, so examples cannot be the central idea.
Watch for words or phrases authors use to signal their central idea: The point is, It is important, Thus, etc.

What's in a paragraph?
A paragraph can be broken into 3 parts:
The Topic
The Central Idea
The Supporting Details
Check for Understanding
The testing program will start later this summer. Then, a handful of self-driving cars will hit the roads around Google’s California headquarters.

Google plans to build the bulk of the cars as fully self-driving.

That means no steering wheel, no gas or brake pedal.
Inside will be a pair of seats with seat belts, space for your belongings, buttons to start and stop, and a screen showing where the car is going. California law is expected to allow self-driving cars on public roads by the end of this year.

The cars were built with safety in mind. They have sensors that get rid of blind spots and look in every direction for more than 200 yards. The top speed of the first vehicles will be limited to 25 miles per hour (mph).
Characteristics of the
Central Idea
The central idea answers the question: “What is the author’s one most important point about the topic?”

Must always contain the topic (the word, name, or phrase that tells who or what the paragraph is about)

Must always make complete sense by itself (even if you couldn’t read the rest of the paragraph)

Must be a general sentence that sums up
the details in the paragraph

Check for Understanding
Match the characteristics to the correct paragraph part.
Finding the Central Idea
The Topic
The subject of the WHOLE paragraph
What the paragraph is about
Discuss with a partner:
A. What is the topic of the note?

B. What is the central idea of the text?

C. Give an example of a supporting detail.
Objective:
Today I will be able to identify the
central idea and supporting
details within a paragraph.
The Central Idea
This is the central point of the paragraph
The main thing the writer wants to say
The Supporting Details
The facts!
They explain and support the central idea.
Consist of specific information
Details answer the questions: who, what, when, where, why, and how?
Example:
Google is getting into the car business and is hoping to turn drivers into passengers.
Google is getting into the car business and is hoping to turn drivers into passengers.

The giant technology company said on Tuesday that it plans to test about 200 of its own self-driving cars.

“We’ve been working toward the goal of vehicles that can shoulder the entire burden of driving,” Google wrote on its blog. “They will take you where you want to go at the push of a button.” The main goal of the gumdrop-shaped cars isn’t to push Google into the business of building cars.
Instead, the company wants to develop self-driving software. The company said that software will “improve road safety and help people who can’t drive.”
Example:
The giant technology company said on Tuesday that it plans to test about 200 of its own self-driving cars.
Example:
Instead, the company wants to develop self-driving software. The company said that software will “improve road safety and help people who can’t drive.”
Identify whether each section is the topic, central idea, or a supporting detail.
1. Consist of specific information
2. What the paragraph is about
3. The facts!
4. The main thing the writer wants to say
5. They explain and support the central idea.
6. This is the central point of the paragraph
7. Details answer the questions: who, what,
when, where, why, and how?
8. The subject of the paragraph
Topic
Central Idea
Supporting
Details
So why do I need to learn this?
Identifying the central idea and supporting details will make you a stronger and more efficient reader.

It will help you master several important study skills, such as marking a text, outlining, making concept maps, and writing summaries.

It will improve your ability to identify evidence and write argumentative essays.

Topic:
Central Idea:
Supporting Details:
Summary:
While Google's self-driving cars may decrease accidents and make transportation more readily available, there are other factors that need to be considered before they hit the market.

There are two key hurdles for self-driving cars: cost and laws.

Truly self-driving cars could cost $7,000 to $10,000 more than their manual counterparts when they hit the market in 2020.
In addition, they probably will be available only as luxury models to start. And U.S. laws have a lot of catching up to do.
Currently only four states allow self-driving vehicles on public roads: California, Nevada, Michigan and Florida.
Those that do, require that a licensed, sober driver be in the driver’s seat at all times, ready and willing to assume control of the vehicle. Google’s own car hopes to help the laws catch up to the technology.
T:
CI:
SD:
S:
There are other factors that need to be considered before they hit the market.
There are two key hurdles for self-driving cars: cost and laws.
What is the paragraph about?
What is the author’s one most important point about the topic?
Who? Where?
What? Why?
When? How?
Using the information above, write a one paragraph summary about the paragraph.
Truly self-driving cars could cost $7,000 to $10,000 more than their manual counterparts when they hit the market in 2020.
Currently only four states allow self-driving vehicles on public roads: California, Nevada, Michigan and Florida.
The two obstacles for self-driving cars are that they will cost more than a regular car and most states do not allow them on the road yet.
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