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Civil Rights Movement USA
Transcript of Civil Rights Movement USA
Martin Luther King and the use of non-violence to achieve Civil Rights objectives.
Development of more radical methods and individuals
in the 1960's
Although Martin Luther King inspired many individual initiatives and was a strong leadership figure in multiple individual events, the influence of King's campaign decreased due to the increase of war protests and young activists questioning the effectiveness of King's non-violent protests. Some felt King gained credit from their hard work,
- By late 1960's the term 'black power' dominated the Civil Rights Movement, this encouraged African Americans to pursue self-determination.
Achievements of the Civil Rights Movement and
- 1967, US Supreme court abolished laws forbidding interracial marriages.
- EFFECTIVE CIVIL RIGHTS LEGISLATION
1968 Civil Rights Act made it illegal to discriminate on the basis of race, religion, sex or national origin.
- White population accepted equal political and legal rights for African Americans however slower to accept their social and economic equality.
- In the 1970's membership for the white supremacists group the Ku Klux Klan increased by 300%
- Even thirty years later African Americans still experienced disadvantages and discrimination
*average wage for African American was just over half of a white person's wage
* African American's received prison sentences 7 times that of white men.
- 1967 supreme court introduced mixed public transport
* African Americans were still discriminated against and made to give up their seat for whites
* An African American woman Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat for a white man
* Rosa was arrested for this
* Her actions sparked the Montgomery bus boycott. * The bus boycott lasted 382 days until bus companies agreed to allow all bus travelers the same rights to any vacant seats.
- Sit ins became a successful non-violent initiative
* Four college boys refused to leave their seats they at a local 'whites only cafeteria' in North Carolina, 1960.
* Over 70,000 people took part in sit ins
* Which successfully resulted in integration of public eating areas in over 150 cities.
Segregation in the USA in the 1950's
* The Civil Rights Movement was a program of protest and civil disobedience by the African Americans in the 1950's and 1960's
* They wanted to overcome racist policies and laws denying them of their civil rights and freedom.
- colored people forced to use separate entrances to buildings
- separated in theaters, on buses and attended separate schools.
- denied access to 'whites only' hospitals, pools, housing and
- derogatory names such as 'nigger' and 'coon'
- African American Muslim minister, public speaker and human rights activist.
- Enjoyed school but dropped out when a teacher told him that a Negro could never be a lawyer.
- Taught beliefs such as 'blacks being the original people on earth and whites were a race of the devil.'
- Publicly broke away form
islam nation and began
speaking about peace and
freedom along with Martin
Luther King Jr.
- Shot dead on February
21, 1965 in Manhattan.
- Founded by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale in 1966.
- Aim : tear down barriers which African Americans were faced with by forming militant political party.
> African Americans be freed from jail and retrialed by African American jury.
>African Americans control city centers, which was where most lived.
- Police shot and killed a
number of panthers
- By the end of 1960's the panthers were crippled as a group, most leaders dead in jail or exile.
Martin Luther-What he did and his beliefs
* Martin Luther King was a civil rights activist, minister
* He believed in non-violent protesting in order to change unjust laws
* Non-violent protesting- Not using physical violence in order to gain change
* He went to jail for acts of disobedience and violating the law about 30 times
* “The goal is not to defeat or humiliate the opponent but rather to win him or her over to understanding new ways to create cooperation and community.”