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American Revolution and the Effects of British Imperialism
Transcript of American Revolution and the Effects of British Imperialism
Standard and EQ
The student will explain the causes, events, and results of the American Revolution.
a. Trace the events that shaped the revolutionary movement in America, including
the French and Indian War, British Imperial Policy that led to the 1765 Stamp
Act, the slogan “no taxation without representation,” the activities of the Sons of
Liberty, and the Boston Tea Party.
British Imperialism led to the Stamp Act
1. What are the causes and events that lead to the Revolutionary war?
2. How did the colonists protest British Imperial Policies in North America?
Effects of the French and Indian War
The American colonies had been growing restless under British rule for several decades before declaring their independence in 1776. The main reason American colonists were angry was that they had no representation in the British parliament, but the British government could still tax them
French and Indian War
In the 1750s, France and Britain were fighting in Europe. The war was now spreading to North America. British Colonists wanted to take over French land in North America. The British wanted to take over the fur trade in the French held territory.
Half the class will be divided into two groups
One side will be Britian
The other side will be the colonist
Each side will need to come up with at least three points to debate
One team will press there point then the other team will argue against.
After the French and Indian War, Britain was in debt because of all of the money they had spent on the war. They thought it was only fair to tax the colonist to pay for the war. They did this by implementing different acts on the colonists.
British soldiers fought against French soldiers and Native Americans. Native Americans joined in the battle against the British because they were afraid the British would take over their land. The war ended in 1759 when British Major General James Wolfe captured Quebec.
First direct British tax on American colonists. Instituted in November, 1765. Every newspaper, pamphlet, and other public and legal document had to have a Stamp, or British seal, on it. The Stamp, of course, cost money. The colonists didn't think they should have to pay for something they had been doing for free for many years, and they responded in force, with demonstrations and even with a diplomatic body called the Stamp Act Congress, which delivered its answer to the Crown. Seeing the hostile reaction in the colonies, the British government repealed the Stamp Act in March 1766 but at the same time passed the Declaratory Act, which said that Great Britain was superior (and boss of) the American colonies "in all cases whatsoever." The Stamp Act gave the colonists a target for their rage. Indeed, the Sons of Liberty was formed in response to this Act. The Stamp Act Congress also gave the colonists a model for the Continental Congress.
a policy or practice by which a country increases its power by gaining control over other areas of the world
the effect that a powerful country or group of countries has in changing or influencing the way people live in other, poorer countries
Colonists Reaction to the Stamp Act
"no taxation without representation"
Sons of liberty
The Sons of Liberty, a well-organized Patriot paramilitary political organization shrouded in secrecy, was established to undermine British rule in colonial America and was influential in organizing and carrying out the Boston Tea Party.
Boston Tea Party
In Boston, the arrival of three tea ships ignited a furious reaction. The crisis came to a head on December 16, 1773. A mass meeting at the Old South Meeting House that morning resolved that the tea ships should leave the harbor without payment of any duty. A committee was selected to take this message to the Customs House to force release of the ships out of the harbor. The Collector of Customs refused to allow the ships to leave without payment of the duty. The committee reported back to the mass meeting and a howl erupted from the meeting hall. It was now early evening and a group of about 200 men, some disguised as Indians, assembled on a near-by hill. Whopping war chants, the crowd marched two-by-two to the wharf, descended upon the three ships and dumped their offending cargos of tea into the harbor waters.