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Coil Pots- Middle School Ceramics & Sculpture
Transcript of Coil Pots- Middle School Ceramics & Sculpture
When was the first clay
Pottery was invented during the Neolithic period, or the end of the Stone Age. It is thought that clay-lined baskets were used as containers until someone left the basket too close to the fire, which destroyed the basket and hardened the clay. The earliest pottery was found in Eastern Europe.
Pit firing is the oldest known method for the firing of pottery. Examples have been dated as early as 29,000–25,000 BCE. Kilns have since replaced pit firing as the most common method of firing pottery.
Unfired pots are nestled together in a pit in the ground and covered with flammable materials like wood shavings, leaves, salts, sawdust and dried manure. The top of the pit may be protected with moist clay, shards, larger pieces of wood or metal sheets. The filled pit is then set on fire and carefully tended until most of the fuel has been consumed. The temperature gets to about 2,000°F. After cooling, pots are removed and cleaned to reveal patterns and colors left by ash and salt deposits. Pots may then be waxed and buffed to create a smooth glossy finish.
Coiling is a method of creating pottery that has been used for thousands of years. The technique has been used all over the world, like Africa, Greece, China, & New Mexico.
Using the coiling technique, it is possible to build thicker or taller walled vessels, which may not have been possible using other methods. The technique allows for better control of the walls as they are built up. The walls can also curve in or out with less danger of breaking.
There are many ways to build ceramic objects using the coiling technique. To do this, roll out the clay until it forms a long, smooth roll. Then, wrap the coils so they stack or combine them into decorative elements.
Native American Coil Pots
Native Clay of the
Southwest People of North America
Coil Pots were relatively easy to make, coil pots developed in the stone age and were created
by several ancient cultures.
The earliest pots lacked decoration and were
created primarily for utilitarian purposes.
Coil pots were used for cooking, storage and
preserving seeds for next year's planting.
The shape of the pot was determined by
its function. For example, pots for gathering water
had indented bottoms so they could be carried on
the head while pots for storage were larger than
pots for cooking or gathering.
There are 20 Pueblo villages left in the Southwest;
there were at one time in history 200. Each of the
20 Pueblos is famous for art and/or crafts and each
has a specialty. Maria Martinez lived in the Pueblo of
San Ildefonso and she was famous for creating
black pottery. Maria respected the earth and its resources. She only took enough DIRT for
one pot at a time so that she did not waste it.
Let's Get Started
Early Pottery Techniques Used
When a Native American potter goes out to get clay for her or his craft, a great deal more than looking for a clay deposit is involved. Many tribes have traditional clay gathering areas; a prayer and sometimes a small offering is made to thank Mother Earth for providing this material. Traditionally, pueblo women, not men, were potters.
There are a number of techniques for forming traditional pottery. Slab pottery begins with a thin flat slab that is hand formed into the shape the potter wants. Some Native American tribes used a paddle and anvil technique in which the clay is shaped around a rock or other object (known as an anvil), and smoothed with a wooden paddle. A great many native peoples used the coil technique in which a pot is built up using short lengths of clay rolled into a rope and scored so that the coils will stay together when the pot is smoothed and fired.
1. Planning Sketch- which technique(s) will you use?
2. Coil Pots should start with at least a 4" base (can be circle, oval, etc)
3. Coil Pots must be 4" tall
4. Coil Pots must include at least three different styles of coils
This is the technique of building ceramic forms by rolling out coils, or ropes, of clay and joining them together with the fingers or a tool.
Decorative Coil Techniques
- The more you handle the clay, the faster it will dry out
- Clay shrinks as it dries, so score & slip every stacked coil so it won't pop off the coil beneath it as they dry.
-The base of the pot is a slab, so it needs to be evenly flat across, not fatter in the middle and thin on the edges
- Be sure to blend the base coil to the slab in addition to scoring and slipping. Blend the inside coils together to make the walls stronger