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Walking City by Archigram

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by

dhaniah samad

on 4 June 2014

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Transcript of Walking City by Archigram

Archigram
Walking City
Proposed by
Ron Herron
in 1964
They wanted a
nomadic existence
Intelligent massive mobile robotic structures
Could move to where manufacturing abilities were needed or wherever they want
Walking cities could

interconnect
with each other and then
disperse

when their concentrated power was no longer necessary
Historical Influence of Walking City and Literary Interpretations
Inspired by NASA's towering, mobile launch pads, hovercraft and science fiction comics

1. Analysis of series work and specific work
Gasket Homes
(1965 ; Ron Herron and Warren Chalk)
Living Pod
(1966 ; David Greene)
Cushicle Mobile Environment
(1966 ; Michael Webb)
Wearable House, The Suitaloon
(1967 ; Michael Webb)
Instant City
(1968 ; Archigram)
Other Related Examples
1. Floating Cities
Seacraft
(largest supercarriers)
Aircraft carriers
(resemble close in concept and scope)
(function to move around globe, stopping occasionally to resupply)

2. Space
Mercury
(1986 ; by science fiction writer)
(Propose to make a base)
Moon
(1989 ; Geoffrey A. Landis)
(propose to make a base, moving to remain in sunlight, can use solar power, avoid darkness & cold temps of lunar night)
Mars and Moon
(Robert Zubrin)
(proposed for landing vehicles that could walk and attach to another forming a larger unit)


Opinion on Walking City
Sigfried Giedion
(the architectural historian) and
Constantinos Doxiadis
(a Greek urban theorist) attack it for representing an 'inhuman' urban vision

"it was felt that something the size of a city centre should know its place, in the townscape, in history, and in Western culture, and not offer to amble off in the night and show up in Philadelphia in the morning"


Walking City by Ron Herron
Prototype of Walking City
Walking City
Consists of 6 people altogether (British Architects):
Peter Cook
Michael Webb
David Greene
Warren Chalk
Ron Herron
Dennis Crompton
Ronald (James) Herron
12 august 1930 - 1 october 1994
Intensely curious about architecture and technology
Joined Archigram in 1960s
Walking City
Herron Associates
Established in 1981 with his sons, Andrew and Simon
Archigram
fiercely questioning about establishment modernism
Seeking architectural thinking to accept and embrace
new technologies
of white goods and mechanical servicing
Archigram was sneered at because they didn't build anything
Archigram’s designs were more to
ideas
than built architecture, responding to to users than preconceived forms
The
only
serious British contribution to visual arts (since Arts and Crafts movement)
First exhibition:
Living City
(1963)
(Architecture Telegram)
Video on Walking City
3. Fiction
Hungry City Chronicles
(traction cities traveling the world)
Blue Mars
(massive city travelling across equatorial rails of mercury)
Heir to the Empire
(nomad city continually moving on surface)
Absolution Gap
(mobile cities)
Inverted World-city

(moving on a hyperbolic planet)
The Strength of Stones
(motorized cities on a planet that's declining in its years)
Calenture
(cities can fly, walk or move on wheels starcraft game)
(collections of mobile cities)
2. Aftermath
Very Large Structure
(by Manuel Dominguez ; A decade later)
(for during city resources start decline + suffer processes of urban contraction)
(heavy engineering helped to inspire steel frames on caterpillar tracks, making it a less fantasy-like structure than walking city with its massive structure on stilts)
Centre Georges Pompidou
(by Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano ; Paris)
Peckham Library
(by Will Alsop ; south London)
Walking City
"The idea was of a world capital capable of being
anywhere
in the world at any time, a kind of United Nations City taken to an extreme. There was a whole family of these vehicles, containing all the elements you would find in a functioning city:
business quarter, offices, housing, public and private services.
Some had detachable
auxiliary units,
such as
hospitals
and
disaster units
."
References
http://designmuseum.org/design/archigram
http://cyberneticzoo.com/tag/walking-vehicle/page/5/
http://walkingthecityupolis.blogspot.com/2011/03/guest-post-archigrams-walking-city.html
http://www.archdaily.com/443701/a-walking-city-for-the-21st-century/

Thank you
by
Dhaniah binti Abdul Samad BEA130010
Fatin Farah Nabilah binti Ismail BEA130012
LECTURERS:
DR. MASTURA BINTI ADAM
DR. ILHYUN KIM
Full transcript