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Transcript of Persepolis
Take a Walk through the Life of Marjane Satrapi...
Marjane uncovered that her friend Ramin’s father was a part of the Savak , had killed millions of people...
their maid (Ms. Nasrine, a different maid than Mehri) is upset because the school gave her son a plastic key painted gold.
They told him it would be his key to heaven if he died in battle. It's propaganda used by the government to recruit child soldiers.
When Marjai was years old she became a rebel.
• While Uncle Anoosh stays with the family, Marji listens to all the political discussion and tries to follow along.
• It's a little like watching foreign television without the subtitles: she can get the gist of things, but not the specifics.
Important things to know...
As a child, she is constantly reading books about relating to politics, yet she doesn’t actually understand what’s actually going on.
Books such as Fidel Castro, Young Vietnamese being killed by Americans, the children of Palestine.
She decides to educate herself to better understand, and she starts reading lots of books.
Marji’s father told her the story about how her grandfather was the previous emperor that was overthrown before the Iranian Revolution, and as a prisoner was tortured.
At this point in the story, Marji is too young to fully grasp what is going on in the world around her
“as long as there oil in the middle east we will never have peace.”
She is continuously learning how to adjust to her corrupt reality...
- Marjai’s father
After that incident Marjane wasn’t happy with God. She tells God, "get out of my life" She's so lost, she feels like she's lost in space.
Marjane's parents allowed her to attend a demonstration against the fundamentalist.
Her uncle is later executed.
• One day, after cutting class, Marji is busted by her mom. They get into a huge fight.
• She is slowly growing up, which is why she acts rebellious.
• Cigarettes in which she stole from her uncle. Cigarettes in which she had observed her family and those around using when times get hard.
After the death of a close friend, Marjane becomes even more rebellious. She gets expelled and put in another school but she told the teacher off, resulting in a phone call to her parents.
Marjane parents decided to send her to Australia because they thought it would be better if she left Iran.
Culture / Education
Going to School
- In Persepolis, it had been shown that the males and females were separated in different classrooms.
The way the were dressed were represented as a “ideological sign”, women having to wear a veil, and be entirely covered up, as well as not being able to show a single strand of hair, as any sign of hair would “excite men” and is not considered civilized.
- In Western Education, there are some schools that have mandatory uniform policies
the education taught in classrooms heavily revolved around their emperor, the education system seems to be run by the emperor himself
In the 20th century, Reza Shah decided to westernize and modernize Iran
But the moment when the Shah was overthrown, the new leader stated that the educational system and what is written in school books at all levels as decadent (showing low moral standards, too over the top
But although there was a war going on during the time of the novel, the children are still the same. They aren’t any different than the children here in the western culture
Why is knowing the differences in education important? As previously mentioned in the Engaging Minds, in chapter 1.3 when they are talking about Diversity
- Different cultures have different responses to what they consider as knowledge.
- As teachers, it is important to move away from this empiricist and imperialistic attitudes,
As teachers, we need to understand that we need to focus on a education that is not about controlling and managing, but rather about engaging, as there are so many cultural diversities.
The schools had brainwashed the boys into joining the army and fighting for the war, and in returned were rewarded with “paradise”. The boys were given plastic keys and if they were lucky enough to die, the key would get them into heaven
Love and Belonging Needs
hunger, thirst, shelter
job security, health benefits, health care
comes into focus during period of adolescences
rely on gaining respect and recognition of others. leads to confidence and competence.
Jane Leovinger's theory of Ego Development
The conformist stage:
adolescents view life in stereotypical ways in attempt to classify man experience so they can see where they belong.
The self aware stage:
young adults begin to understand and accept individual differences.
The conscientious stage:
individuals appreciate others as well as themselves
-believes that one must require a clear sense of themselves before they can develop intimate relationships with others
-progress from one stage to the next is determined by an individual's psychological clock, not by chronological age or the social environment
THE GOAL autonomous self : being self-reliant person who accepts oneself and others as unique
The schools closed during the period the shah left and reopened again.
Encountered a state of confusion and contradiction…
The same teacher that told the kids that the Shah was chosen by god, later told the Children to tear out all the pictures of the Shah from their book.
The prior chapters show the impact violence in society has on children as well as the education system
As educators, it is important to be empathetic to the reality of our students and be aware of the impact it has on children’s education and lives.
Putting the concept of children exposed to an unbearable level violence into western context ....
Applying this concept on a much smaller scale...
vs. Teaching at
Students have more than just one teacher; they have their parents and schoolteachers as well. Parents are the trusting authoritative figures at home and teachers are the authoritative figures at school. There may be a disconnect between the two and which is likely to occur.
As a teacher, it is a given that you are not the only ones responsible for a student. When there are times where you and the parents are not on the same page, what can we do as teachers so that the student is not affected?
In reality, teachers and parents don’t see each other very often and are in essence independent.
As educators we need to be aware of this and work in the child’s best interests to create a positive learning environment at school so that they can formulate their own opinions and reasons for their actions
• Many children felt bewildered because of the
Some were supportive
of the new government and some were
to the Shah.
• Many families, were
during the revolution but did not have the money to move.
Islamic Revolution in 1979
was when Iran’s monarchy was removed and replaced with an Islamic republic who led the revolution.
As Marjane was growing up, the customs and traditions of Iran were transforming constantly
= memoir of growing up in Iran during the Islamic Revolution (1979) and the second Iran and Iraq war.
main character and narrator
= Marjane Satrapi
Type of school attended
= non- religious French school
• In Persepolis, Marjane explains that the majority of women didn’t favor wearing the veil, and did not appreciate the superior attitude of men.
• During the revolutions there were several protests and violent strikes that affected many citizens like Marjane
Marjane was forced to wear the veil at school.
all bilingual schools were closed down because they represented capitalism.