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E-TUTORIAL

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on 8 December 2013

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Transcript of E-TUTORIAL

E-TUTORIAL
THIS – THAT - THESE – THOSE DEMOSTRATIVE PRONUNS
These words are called demonstrative pronouns and they are used to show the relative distance between the speaker and the noun.
COUNT AND NONCOUNT NUONS
The main difference between count and noncount nouns is whether or not the things can be counted or not.
We have to use the appropriate type of article, definite (the) or indefinite (a or an).

WH-QUESTIONS
We use question words to ask certain types of questions (question word questions). We often refer to them as WH- words because they include the letters WH.
When we use this (singular) and these (plural) is to refer that something is here or near.

This is my car. (Singular)
These are our shoes. (Plural)

When we use that (singular) and those (plural) is to refer that something is there or far.

That is your dog. (Singular)
Those are my glasses. (Plural)

We can also use demonstrative pronouns with a noun.

This party is boring. (Singular)
That city is busy. (Singular)
These chocolates are delicious. (Plural)
Those flowers are beautiful. (Plural)

If an action is near in time we incline to use this or these.
If an action has finished or is in the past we use that or those.

This is a good meal. (At the time of eating)
Those girls we met last night were silly. (An event that happened in the past)

The expressions this is / that is are also common when you talk on the phone or you introduce people.

"Hello, this is Peter."
Carol, this is my friend Simon. Simon, this is Carol.

WH Questions are similar to YES/NO questions except they have WH words at the start.

Are you from Costa Rica? / Where are you from?

These are some example questions and answers:

1. Where are you from?
I am from Japan.
2. What is your name?
My name is Jacob.
3. When do you wake up?
I wake up at 7:30 am.
4. Why are you angry?
I am angry because I didn`t pass my exam.

Mónica Agüero
COUNT NOUNS:
Refer to things that can be divided up into smaller units or pieces which are separate and distinct from one another. They usually refer to what can individually be seen or heard, for example: chair, table, word, etc…

NONCOUNT NOUNS:
Refer to things that cannot be counted they are observed as wholes which cannot be divided into parts. They often refer to abstractions and occasionally have a collective meaning, for example: anger, love, water, education, etc…

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/noncount.htm
TO GET MORE INFORMATION GO TO THIS LINK
FOR PRACTICE GO TO THIS LINKS

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/cgi-shl/
par_numberless_quiz.pl/nouns_quiz.htm

http://www.ucl.ac.uk/internet-grammar/nouns/ex2.htm

http://a4esl.org/q/j/km/mc-noncount.html

TO GET MORE INFORMATION GO TO THIS LINK
http://grammar.reverso.net/M_2_wh_questions.shtml

FOR PRACTICE GO TO THIS LINKS
http://www.learnenglish-online.com/grammar/tests/whquestions.html

http://www.learnenglish-online.com/grammar/tests/whquestions2.html

http://www.learnenglish-online.com/grammar/tests/whquestions3.html


TO GET MORE INFORMATION GO TO THIS LINK
http://esl.about.com/od/thebasics/a/this_that_these_those_determiners.htm
FOR PRACTICE GO TO THIS LINKS
http://www.learnenglish-online.com/grammar/tests/demonstrativespronouns.html

http://www.learnenglish-online.com/grammar/tests/demonstrativespronouns2.html

http://english.lingolia.com/en/grammar/pronouns-determiners/demonstratives/exercises/articles/exercise-on-demonstrative-pronouns

Capitalization
You have to use capitalization in:

The first word of every sentence.

The first-person singular pronoun, I.

The first, last, and important words in a title.

Proper nouns.

Specific persons and things.

Names of celestial bodies.

Names of newspapers and journals.

Races, nationalities, languages.

Places, cities, continents, states.

TO GET MORE INFORMATION GO TO THIS LINK
http://www.sinclair.edu/centers/tlc/pub/handouts_worksheets/grammar_punctuation_writing/capitalization_rules.pdf
FOR PRACTICE GO TO THIS LINK
http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/cgi-shl/
par_numberless_quiz.pl/caps_quiz.htm
Future
Simple Future has two different forms in English: "will" and "be going to."

FORM Will - Will + Verb

Examples: You will help him later.

FORM Be Going To- Am / Is / Are + Going to + Verb

Examples: You are going to meet Jane tonight.
TO GET MORE INFORMATION GO TO THIS LINK
http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/ela4/g/verbtensefuturel3.cfm
FOR PRACTICE GO TO THIS LINK
http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-m_future_quiz.htm
CAN AND MAY FOR PERMISSION
Use Can or May to give permission.

Use Can't or May Not to deny permission.
(There's no contraction for May Not.)

Use Can or May to ask for permission.
May is more formal than Can.

We can use Can I help you? or May I help you? to offer help to someone.
TO GET MORE INFORMATION GO TO THIS LINK
http://www.grammar-monster.com/easily_confused/can_may.htm
http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/words/can-or-may
FOR PRACTICE GO TO THIS LINK
http://www.e-grammar.org/modal-verbs-can-may-must/
http://a4esl.org/q/h/0101/ig-modals.html
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