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Nursing Theory Mind Map

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on 21 October 2013

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Transcript of Nursing Theory Mind Map

Health is “being structurally and functionally whole or sound. Also, health is a state that encompasses both the health of individuals and of groups, and human health is the ability to reflect on one’s self, to symbolize experience, and to communicate with others. A person's knowledge of potential health problems is needed for promoting self-care behaviors. (Orem, 2011)
Nursing Theory Mind Map
Patricia Brown
Application to Nursing Practice
HEALTH
"The self-care requisites identified by Dorothea Orem fall into one of three categories. The first is universal self-care requisites, which are needs that all people have. These include things like air, water, food, activity and rest, and hazard prevention. The second is developmental self-care requisites, which has two sub-categories: maturational, which progress the patient to a higher level of maturation, or situational, which prevent against harmful effects in development. The third category is health deviation requisites, which are needs that come up based on the patient's condition. If a patient is unable to meet their self-care requisites, a "self-care deficit" occurs. In this case, the patient's nurse steps in with a support modality which can be total compensation, partial compensation, or education and support." (Orem, 2011)
My nursing practice closely mirrors Orem's Self-Care Deficit theory. As an Emergency Room Nurse and Stroke Program Coordinator, I strive to assist the patient with a problem-focused approach. Although a full assessment is performed on every patient, the primary focus is placed on the injury or illness the patient has presented with. By providing this focused care, I am able to provide personalized and concise education relating to the injury or illness that brought them to the Emergency Room initially. During the initial full assessment, I am able to screen for abuse, malnutrition, suicidal/homicidal ideation and fall risk. By assessing for these additional outliers, I am able to provide the patient and/or family members additional education and guidance for any additional findings and add them to the plan of care. Patient safety is always a priority, and often patients may not realize that a nutritional deficiency, difficulty with medication management or depression may be an underlying contributor to the larger issue at hand. I believe that all individuals have the capacity to care for themselves and to care for others when they have the education and opportunities to seek out resources appropriate to their needs.
References

(n.d.). Retrieved from http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/application_self_care_deficit_theory.html

(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nurses.info/nursing_theory_person_orem_dorothea.htm

(n.d.). Retrieved from http://nursing-theory.org/nursing-theorists/Dorothea-E-Orem.php

(n.d.) Retrieved from http://oremselfcaredeficittheory.com/p/contributors.html

The self-care deficit nursing theory. (2011, June). Retrieved from http://nursingtheories.weebly.com/dorothea-e-orem.html

(n.d.). Retrieved from http://nursing-theory.org/nursing-theorists/Dorothea-E-Orem.php


NURSING
PATIENT / CLIENT
ENVIRONMENT
Nursing "is an art through which the practitioner of nursing gives specialized assistance to persons with disabilities which makes more than ordinary assistance necessary to meet needs for self-care. The nurse also intelligently participates in the medical care the individual receives from the physician." (Orem, 2011)
Humans are defined as “men, women, and children cared for either singly or as social units, and are the “material object” of nurses and others who provide direct care. (Orem, 2011)
Environment "has physical, chemical and biological features. It includes the family, culture and community."
(Orem, 2011)
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