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Desktop Publishing

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by

K Rae

on 29 October 2014

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Transcript of Desktop Publishing

Desktop Publishing
Desktop publishing (
DTP
)the creation of a whole publication on a computer and preparing it for printing using typical publishing processes.
Desktop publishing software is used to create items such as newspapers, magazines, newsletters and leaflets. DTP software allows for more control of the layout when using text and images etc.

Advantages
• Text and images can be laid out on the page, moved and resized as necessary.
• Text and graphics can be inserted and imported.
• The view of the page, what you see is what you get.

Bleed
This is to extend an artwork graphic beyond the trimmed edge of the page. The bleed is the extent to which it exceeds the page, commonly 3mm.

Crop
To mark artwork and graphics in order to indicate which portion is to be reproduced.
In DTP: Cropping is the on-screen cutting of photographic or graphic images to
remove excess material using a frame grabbing process.
Centre
Text is centre aligned in the middle of the page and work its way outwards evenly in both directions.
Caption
The descriptive text which accompanies a graphic or illustration.

Drop Cap
A drop cap, is a capital letter that falls below the line and is often used in the opening paragraph of a publication.
Drop Shadow
A tint or solid line laid to one side of an illustration or type form to give a shadow effect.
Footer
A line of text/or page number (folio) placed at the bottom of the page which is repeated throughout the main body of the document.
Gutter
DTP - refers to the spaces between columns on a page. In printing, gutters are the inner margins of a book.
Graphic
An illustration /artwork prepared on a paint, draw, CAD, graph applications package or captured by image scanner which is then imported into the page layout package.
Heading
Indent
Beginning a line of text further in from the left margin than the rest of the text.
Justified
Setting of type lines in which the space between words is varied from line to line so that each line is of equal length.
Left Aligned
The left edge of the text is flush with the left margin.
Landscape
A page layout function which arranges the page so that its widest side is horizontal.
Montage
A combination of separate images combined to give a composite picture/image.
Outline
A typeface which uses an outline effect.
Portrait
A page layout function which arranges the page so that its widest side is vertical.
Rotate
Where an image or piece of text is turned to an angle.
Right Aligned
The right edge of the text is flush with the right margin.
Serif
The small terminal stroke at the end of a main stroke of a letter. Typefaces which have serifs are derived from hand-cut letters or calligraphic lettering styles.
Sans Serif
A typeface with no serifs - i.e. with no terminal strokes on the letters. Examples include: Arial, Univers, Helvetica, Futura, Avant Garde.
Symmetric
Identical on either side of a central line.
A-Symmetric
Not identical on both sides of a central line.
Text Wrap
Text wrapped around a shape or image.
Text to a Path
Text is fitted to a line or shape.
Underline
A typeface which is underlined.
White Space
Areas of empty space on a page. When used effectively in page layout/design, white space aids comprehension by complementing and setting off graphic images and areas of solid text.
A line of text set in a display (large) placed above accompanying text. Usually guides the reader on the content of the body text.

SANS SERIF
Transparency
This is where an image or shape can be altered to be 'see-through'. The image can be made transparent uniformly or as a gradient.
Handles
The small circles or rectangles that surround a shape or text box. By clicking these you can alter the size of the shape or text box.
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