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Transcript of Hypertension
What is it?
Hypertension: When your blood pressure exceeds higher than 140.
Systolic: (of blood pressure) indicating the maximum arterial pressure occurring during contraction of the left ventricle of the heart.
Diastolic: (of blood pressure) indicating the arterial pressure during the interval between heartbeats.
(Definitions from Dictionary.com)
An enlarged or weakened heart, which can lead to heart failure
Aneursym: a large bulge on an artery (at risk of bursting)
Blood vessels narrowing: leading to kidney failure, heart attacks or strokes
Blood vessels in the eyes to rupture causing sight issues and/or blindness
1. Normal blood pressure: 120 systolic and below 80 diastolic
2. Prehypertension: 120-139 systolic or 80-89 diastolic
3. Stage 1 high blood pressure (hypertension): 140-159 systolic or 90-99 diastolic
4. Stage 2 high blood pressure (hypertension): 160 or higher systolic or 100 or
5. Hypertensive crisis (a medical emergency): 180 systolic or above 110 diastolic.
A salt-rich diet through processed and fatty foods
Alcohol and tobacco use.
Overweight or obese
Men are more prone at young ages, while women are at older ages
Salt restriction: Limiting intake to as small as 5g a day
Reducing and maintaining weight: exercising to lose weight and maintaining a base weight
Moderate alcohol consumption: less intake of substance
Regular exercise: daily exercise
Consumption of fruits and vegetables: daily consumption of these
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
Angiotensin receptor blockers.