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First Aid

steps of CPR for adults, children, and infants steps of the heimlich maneuver

Briana Feliciano

on 7 April 2011

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Transcript of First Aid

First Aid CPR Heimlich Maneuver CPR is used when cardiac arrest is
taking place or if heart or breathing
has stopped. There are 3 different procedures of
CPR. Which to use is
based upon the victims age. The following CPR steps are
directed for adult victims. It's as simple as 1, 2, 3, A, B, C. 1.) Check the scene. Make sure its safe to help. 2.) Check the victim for a response- tap & shout 3.) Call for help. If you are alone, administer CPR
for 2 minutes, call for help, then CONTINUE CPR. A.) Airway- tilt head back and lift chin. B.) Breathing- Pinch nose closed, take normal breath,
cover victim's mouth with yours and blow out your breath
until you see victim's chest rise. If chest doesn't rise,
open airway again. C.) Circulation- pump chest 30 times. Place heel of one
hand in center of chest and your other on top.

Press down about 1 1/2 inches into chest at a rate of 100 per
minute. (16 in 10 seconds) **continue until movement or when help arrives. The following CPR steps for children.
(age range 4- 9) 1.) Try to recieve a response from victim. If no
response, place victim on back. 2.) Look inside mouth and complete a finger
sweep of the mouth. This will remove any
blockage of the airway. 3. If neck injury is NOT possible, gently tilt head
back. This will free tongue and open airway, 4.) Pinch nose shut, cover mouth with your own and give 2 breaths. Chest should rise. If not, perform finger sweep once again. 5.) Then put heel of one hand on the center of chest. (about midway between the nipples.) 6.) Press down about 1/3 depth of chest 30 times. (about 2 per second) 7.) contine this cycle until movement
or when help arrives. If child vomits, turn head to side and sweep out vomit and continue CPR. The following CPR steps are for infants,
(age range: 3 and under) 1.) Check infant for response. If none, lie baby on its back 2.) Open mouth with fingers and make sure tongue is not blocking the airway by a finger sweep. 3.) If neck injury is not possible, place one hand on forehead and other under chin and GENTLY tilt head back. 4.) Cover mouth and nose with mouth (or pinch nose) and give 2 breaths. Chest should rise. If it does not, perform another finger sweep. 5.) Put two middle fingers in middle of chest. (Just below level of nipples.) 6.) GENTLY press down 30 times about 1/3 depth into chest at a rate of a little less than 2 per second The Heimlich Maneuver is used when a victim is choking. Identifying a choking victim: - take note if the victim has been eating - listen to hear if the victim to producing a cough - ask the victim if they can speak - if not the conclusion is that they have a blocked airway - watch the victim and check for signals such as clutching of the neck - a panicked victim may turn pale - fingernail beds and inner mouth may turn bluish gray The following steps are to save a choking victim: 1.) From behind, wrap your arms around the victim's waist. 2.) Make a fist and place your thumb inside of your fist against the victim's upper abdomen, below their navel. 3.) Grasp your fist with your other hand and press into their upper abdomen with a quick upward thrust. DO NOT SQUEEZE RIBCAGE. 4.)Repeat until object is removed. CPR on an aldult <iframe title="YouTube video player" width="480" height="390" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/fHMOswPk3ug" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Refrences:
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