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State of Technology 2015

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Daniel Estrada

on 5 July 2015

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Transcript of State of Technology 2015

DARPA Robotics Challenge Finals
DARPA Challenge History:
Defense Advanced Research Projects (DARPA).
Autonomous vehicle challenges: Grand Challenge (2004, 2005) and Urban Challenge (2007).

Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats
#gamergate: Anonymous movement dealing with misogyny in video game industry. (Aug 2014)

- Zoe Quinn
- Adam Baldwin
- Anita Sarkeesian
- Brianna Wu
- 4chan and reddit

Sony Hack, Federal Hack and Cybersecurity
Tesla Battery
Home battery that saves the excess energy
lightest metal
electrochemical potential
energy density
Sony Hack
4 million federal employees hacked last month by presumably Chinese hackers.
Information stolen includes names, tax information and social security numbers.

Sony security media attention
(US) 78% of cybersecurity employees opinion on security (email,cloud)
losing game = cybersecurity is dynamic
Data Encryption System (DES) --> Advanced Encryption System (AES) the common encryption for governmental organizations worldwide
Snowden Leaked Documents and the Tau Test
AES and Diffy-Hellman Key Exchange
Quantum Computers- the next step in modern cryptography
State of Technology 2015
Social Activism on Twitter
edit genes to eliminate 'bad' ones
Purpose of DARPA Robotics Challenge:
Created in response to rescue hazards present at Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011.
Consisted of three competitions over two years.
23 teams participated.
Served to "prove the possible" (DARPA, 2015).
Fail montage demonstrates difficulty of actual humanoid autonomy.
How to make drugs with it?
Deletes genes, doesn't replace them


- doxing
- #notyourshield
- #GameOverGate
- move from 4chan -> 8chan (after ban of #gamergate, -> free speech)
- #StopGamerGate2014 (Anita S.)
- difference btwn sexism/oppression in gaming community

The Future of DARPA
Robotics Cyber Grand Challenge (People vs. Machines).
Have a team of rescue robots.

treat diseases
Out of Sight, Out of Mind: A visualization of drone strikes in Pakistan since 2004. (n.d.). Retrieved June 29, 2015.

Serle, J., & Fielding-Smith, A. (2014, November 16). October 2014 Update: US covert actions in Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia | The Bureau of Investigative Journalism. Retrieved June 29, 2015.

Bowcott, O. (2013, October 18). Drone strikes by US may violate international law, says UN. TheGuardian. Retrieved June 29, 2015.

Drones (PBS)
By: Lee, Brianna.

South Korean team wins $2 million by finishing all eight events (Team KAIST).
Team IHMC ROBOTICS placed second and TARTAN RESCUE placed third.

Research on human diseases in mice
- indie game developer
- Depression Quest
- ex-boyfriend blog
- past with TFYC
- ethics w/ journalism
Drone Strikes in Pakistan
How best to deliver drug to cells?
Total deaths in Pakistan:
Total Civilians killed:
Federal Employee Hack
protein from bacteria - "genetic scalpel" (Rockoff, 2015)
Works Cited
Dawson, F. (2015, February 27). What The Sony Hack Can Teach About Cyber Security. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
Frizell, S. (2014, December 5). Report: Sony's Security Team Was Unprepared for Hack. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
Iyer, S. (2011). Cyber security for smart grid, cryptography, and privacy. International Journal of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting, 2011.
Johnson, K., & Weise, E. (2014, December 18). Official: North Korea behind Sony hack. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
Lewis, A. (2015, June 25). Sony Hack Fortune Magazine's New Revelations. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
Pagliery, J. (2014, December 27). 'Sonypocalypse': Why the Sony hack is one of the worst hacks ever. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
Total Children killed:
- Canadian American
- Tropes vs. Women in Video Games
- harassment after August video
- October: canceled lecture
Sickle-cell anemia
cystic fibrosis
Twitter Feed
The Strikes kill an average of 3.2 people.
The strikes target tribal areas controlled by armed groups.
The strikes take place in conjunction with the Pakistani military.
- online imageboard website/forum
- pranks
- threats, hate messages
Works Cited

Know Your Meme.
Retrieved from

What is #notyourshield and what does it mean?
Retrieved from http://www.reddit.com/r/OutOfTheLoop/comments/2fevoq/what_is_notyourshield_and_what_does_it_mean/.

Dewey, Caitlin.
The only guide to Gamergate you will ever need to read.
Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-intersect/wp/2014/10/14/the-only-guide-to-gamergate-you-will-ever-need-to-read/.

Hathaway, Jay.
What is GamerGate, and Why?
Retrieved from http://gawker.com/what-is-gamergate-and-why-an-explainer-for-non-geeks-1642909080.

Picture: http://blogjob.com/oneangrygamer/2015/03/reddit-mods-admit-to-censoring-gamergate-hiding-corruption/.

Legality of drone strikes
DARPA. (n.d.). Darpa Urban Challenge. Retrieved from http://archive.darpa.mil/grandchallenge/index.html
DARPA. (n.d). Robots from Republic of Korea and United States take home $3.5 million in prizes. Retrieved from http://www.the roboticschallenge.org
Russia Today. (2015, June 8). At least they tried: robot ‘epic fails’ compilation from the DARPA robotics challenge. Retrieved from
DARPA (Publisher). (2015). Team KAIST [Image]. Retrieved from http://www.theroboticschallenge.org
Thielman, S. (2015, June 14). Man behind DARPA’s Robotics Challenge: robots will soon learn from each other. The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/jun/14/gill-pratt-darpa-robotics-challenge-cloud-robots.
Guardians of Peace
> 37 Million files leaked
> 3000 employees identity theft watch
Threatened theaters
USA announced it was North Korea
Sony security exposed
Works Cited
by Emily and Toni
The United Nations has said that 33 drone strikes may violate international law.

The us is very protective of its data and refuse to release its own estimates for civilians killed.

A UN report has urged the US to release information about its "information relevant to its lethal extraterritorial counter-terrorism operations; and to release its own data on the level of civilian casualties inflicted through the use of remotely piloted aircraft, together with information on the evaluation methodology used." (Bowcott, 2013).

Figure 1
Figure 2

(DARPA, 2015).
Figure 1. MFS-1 gene http://www.ssi.dk/English/HealthdataandICT/Diagnostic%20laboratory%20analyses/Genetic%20Testing%20for%20Heart%20Disease/Marfan%20Syndrome%20type%201%20MFS1.aspx
Figure 2. Sickle cell anemia http://pedsgh.com/sickle-cell-disease-in-children-part-one/
-Since the events of 9/11 the U.S.A has increased the drone fleet form 60 to 6,000
-To counter these kind of events the USA has incresed the funding for drone related projects and activities increased from $350 million to 4.1 billion

-Drones aka UAV are mostly meant to be used for surveillance
-Law enforcement uses drones in their everyday portrays
ex. U.S - Mexico border officials use drones to monitor the U.S border for drug trafficking

Contributing to the environment
Not new
Slightly cheaper than others
No installation/electronics for connection
Not necessary for house holds
can sell extra energy

Figure 3. http://www.alnmag.com/news/2015/05/crispr-knock-mouse-highly-efficient
Figure 3
http ://www.draganfly.com/news/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Mesa_county_X62.jpg
CRISPR/Cas9 and targeted genome editing: A New Era in Molecular Biology. (n.d.). Retrieved June 29, 2015, from https://www.neb.com/tools-and-resources/feature-articles/crispr-cas9-and-targeted-genome-editing-a-new-era-in-molecular-biology
Rockoff, J. (2015, June 28). Why gene-editing technology has scientists excited. Retrieved June 29, 2015, from http://www.wsj.com/articles/why-gene-editing-technology-has-scientists-excited-1434985998
Figure 4
Figure 4. Rewriting the Code http://www.wsj.com/articles/why-gene-editing-technology-has-scientists-excited-1434985998
DRC-Hubo completing one of its task

Beaumont, P. (2012, August 18). Are drones any more immoral than other weapons of war? Retrieved June 30, 2015.

Powerwall: Tesla Home Battery. (2015). Retrieved 2015, from http://www.teslamotors.com/powerwall

Castelvecchi, D. (2015, May 1). Will Tesla's battery change the energy market?. Retrieved 2015, from http://www.nature.com/news/will-tesla-s-battery-change-the-energy-market-1.17469

Russia Today. (2015, June 8).
“It will be, ‘Oh, my child was born with sickle cell. We’re just going to change that.’ ” -- Jacob Corn, Innovative Genomics Initiative (Rockoff, 2015)
In the past ten years, social media has become a platform for social activism.

Hashtags on twitter have helped create social movements by bringing people together to fight for a common cause.

There is solidarity in popularizing a single phrase, such as a hashtag, to represent a cause.

The movement extends beyond just the hashtag. The hashtag is just the catalyst.

#BlackLivesMatter became popular across
social media after the 2012 shooting of 17-year-old Trayvon Martin by Paul Zimmerman in Ferguson, Missouri.

Paul Zimmerman was acquitted for his murder, and Trayvon Martin was posthumously placed on trial.

"#BlackLivesMatter is a call to action and a response to the virulent anti-Black racism that permeates our society."
(Black Lives Matter, 2014)

#BlackLivesMatter was voted 2014's Word of the Year by the American Dialect Society.

– A movement to end the attacks on Palestinians by Israelis

- Following misogynistic killing spree in Isla Vista, CA
-Reaction to #NotAllMen
-Argues that all women suffer from sexism and misogyny

- Celebrated the legalization of gay marriage everywhere in the USA
-6.3 million tweets in 4 hours

Social Media Overview
#Black Lives Matter
Other Popular Hashtags
Works Cited
Barnes, R. (2015). " Supreme Court Agrees to Hear Gay Marriage Issue. The Washington Post, January, 16.

Garza, A. (2014). A Herstory of the Black Lives Matter Movement. Black Lives Matter

Valenti, J. (2014). # YesAllWomen reveals the constant barrage of sexism that women face. The Guardian. Archived from the original on May, 29.
Image courtesty of: americablog.com
Kirkman, J. [jenkirkman]. (2014, May 25). Men are asking defensively, "So ALL men are criminals?" No. But due to our culture, women are cautious until proven otherwise. #yesallwomen [Tweet]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/jenkirkman
Sarai, T. [fittiejean]. (2015, June 29). If you are neutral in situations of injustice, you have chosen the side of the oppressor--Desmond Tutu #BlackLivesMatter #Ferguson #America [Tweet]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/fittiejean
Obama, B. [POTUS]. (2015, June 26). Today is a big step in our marcd equality. Gay and lesbian couples now have the right to marry, just like everyone else. #LoveWins [Tweet]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/potus
Image courtesy of: http://rare.us/
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