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Transcript of Industrial Revolution
What happened and how?
Wool and cotton production for the manufacture of cloth increased in each successive year, as did the yield of food crops. In 18th century England, the enclosure of common village fields into individual landholdings, or the division of unproductive land into private property was the first significant change that occurred. Then inventing of machines like the reaper and thresher for better yielding of crops took over.
Coal provided the main source of primary energy for industry and transportation in industrial areas from the 18th century to the 1950s. Coal remains an important energy source, due to its low cost and abundance when compared to other fuels, particularly for electricity generation.Britain developed the main techniques of underground coal mining from the late 18th century onward with further progress being driven by 19th century and early 20th century progress. By the late 20th century coal was for the most part replaced in domestic as well as industrial and transportation usage by oil, natural gas or electricity produced from oil, gas, nuclear power or renewable energy sources. By 2010, coal produced over a fourth of the world's energy, and by 2050 is expected to produce about one-third.
In 1903, the Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur flew a flimsy airplane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The brothers and many other people doubted that this invention might work, but by 1920's commercial airplanes were in flight.
Consumption and Exploitation
If we think about it, Britain has no one to blame for being exploited as a nation or consuming any of them. As the Industrial revolution in Britain increased the uses of machines instead of workers, it fired its country’s own workers and decreased the strength of the economy in manual labor yet, increased technology and use of machines. So even though Britain came down to negative one due to all the firing people from jobs, it did gain a plus one by increasing the use of machines rather than relying on manual labor, gradually ending up at the positive ten position on a scale. Thus we know, that with all the development in technology, Britain had become the world’s leading industrial power by 1830.
Automobiles and Airplanes
MAP OF GREAT BRITAIN
When countries came into contact with each other, citizens began traveling to other places for better luxuries and accommodation. The increasing population in favored countries brought about the need to have improvements in technology which gradually led to the Industrial Revolution. Industrialization was the purpose for power, factories, mass production. The year around 1750 and 1850 is generally accepted as the eve of the Industrial Revolution.
After the first gas-powered internal combustion engine many other important inventions like automobiles and threshers evolved. These came with increasing efficiency and with high demands. As time changed, three wheelers to four wheelers bought with them the idea of cheap and expensive. Today, whether it be more efficient, fancy or pricey, we have got it all.
Through Migration and Immigration:
Cause: A cause of the Industrial Revolution was growing population by the mid-1800s. The population of Europe and North America was on a high rise at this time.
Effects: There was an increase in the demand for textiles and other mass-produced goods. This also brought about the ideas for new machines and technology for luxurious living of the economy.
Through Communication Technology:
Cause: Britain’s national banking system provided it with capital from investments and of finances for which to use on the international scale. New inventions of the time included John Kay’s "flying shuttle" and George Stephenson’s "Rocket" railway train.
Effects: Each of these improvements aided both the production and transportation of products and materials used for trade and in industrial factories.
Cause - Coal in Britain was plentiful, and had many applications, which were integral to the Industrial Revolution. Also, the coal mines were located near the sea, which allowed Britain’s strong navy to carry the coal cheaply to the markets.
Effects – This coal could provide an ample energy supply for trains, factories, steam ships, and other devices which increased trade, transportation and also the movement of workers and new industrial ideas as well. Its subsequent applications paved the way for technological advancements such as the steam engine.