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Protest art in the Philippines:

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Bella Toledo

on 12 October 2013

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Transcript of Protest art in the Philippines:

Protest art in the Philippines:
The revolutionary role of art
"“No, painting is not done to decorate apartments. It is an instrument of war for attack and defense against the enemy.”
- Pablo Picasso
Painted images cannot stop wars or win the struggle for justice, but they are not irrelevant. They fortify and enrich the spirit of those who are committed to the struggle and help to educate those who are unaware. –Eva Cockcroft
Protest art “sets itself against prevailing social, political, and economic conditions."
- Alice Guillermo
1. Critical junctures
Protest art in the Philippines
was defined by three critical
junctures of Philippine history
2. Contemporary art
Murals and effigies
3. Symbolism
Protests artists are forced
to maximize symbols as part
of their art
Main reference:
Other references:
1. Johnalene Baylon. "The power of the brush:
Protest art in the Philippines
2. Andang Juan. "Pagbasa sa ating panahon:
Mural, Extramural: Kung bakit hindi literal na
nasa pader ang mga protest murals sa
3. Intorduction to social realism and protest arts
“In the Philippines, where history has witnessed conquest after conquest (we, the conquered), Filipinos have been fighting a perennial fight for independence. What many people might not know is that artists have taken part in this fight, playing a role in resisting imperialist forces and standing up for the helpless masses. It is not so much by creating works of art that they try to win battles. It is through the end product, the artworks themselves, that they seek to defeat the villains they call out to.”
First critical juncture: rise of the Propaganda movement (late 19th century
Proletariat art vs. "art for art's sake"
Second critical juncture:
Declaration of Martial Law
Organized artist groups
like NPAA and Kaisahan
Ang Spolarium ng ating Panahon
Malumbay si Ina
Aug. 21
Hanap ay Laya
Martsa ng Bayan
Third critical juncture: EDSA;

large canvasses painted with images
of collective and consensual
interpretation of viewers
Mural works by Ang Gerilya
Huge satirical works of paper mache art
whose finishing touches are delivered
by consigning the whole work to flames
made with the masses in mind,
protest arts are created
to amplify the people’s cries for
change and express the
suffering of a people for whom
it was too overwhelming
or dangerous to express.”
Full transcript