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Transcript of Odyssey
Finally, Odysseus reveals himself to the Phaeacians and tells his misadventures after the fall of troy.
He had once 12 ships at his command, and his crew, after leaving Troy, plundered Cicones.
He and his crew sail through a gale and went to the far land of the Lotus-Eaters. They stopped there to get some water but
the a few of his crew member
encountered the Lotus-eaters and
tried the lotus plant.
Arcesius and Chalcomedusa
ODYSSEUS / ULYSSES
He was the son of Alcimus or Anchialus or Heracles and Asopis; a loyal friend and tutor of Telemachus
god of the winds in ancient mythology
was the Greek god of the trade, the god of eloquence and a luck-bringing messenger of the Gods.
She lived on the island of Ogygia, where she detained Odysseus for several years.She is generally said to be the daughter of the Titan Atlas.
It was a sea monster, later rationalised as a whirlpool and considered a shipping hazard in the Strait of Messina.
The sorceress of the island of Aeaea, transforms her victims to animals using a magic herbal drink.
CYCLOPES / POLYPHEMUS
The giant son of Poseidon and Thoosa in Greek mythology, one of the Cyclopes described in Odyssey. His name means "abounding in songs and legends".
are a tribe of giant cannibals from ancient Greek mythology.
She is the daughter of King Alcinous and Queen Arete of Phaeacia; her name means "burner of ships"
Is one of the twelve Olympian deities of the pantheon in Greek mythology. His main domain is the ocean, and he is called the "God of the Sea".
Were dangerous yet beautiful creatures, portrayed as femme fatales who lured nearby sailors with their enchanting music and voices to shipwreck on
the rocky coast of their island.
Was a blind prophet of Thebes, famous for clairvoyance and for being transformed into a woman
for seven years.
He is the god of sky and thunder who rules the Olympians of Mount Olympus.
1. Mt. Olympus
4. Aeolias's island
6. Aeolias's island
8. Circe's kingdom
9. Land of the dead
11. Scylla and Charybdis
The seafarers next sail to the Island of Cyclopes and were trapped by Polyphemus who plans on eating his human captives. Polyphemus was then blinded by Odysseus and escapes the island quickly.
Because of what Odysseus did to him, Polyphemus prayed to his father, Poseidon, to destroy his ship and delay his return to his home.
Then they sail from the land of the Cyclopes to the Island of Aeolia where Aeolus, the god of the wind, gave Odysseus a bag of great
winds to help them get home safely.
Lacking wind, they row to the land of the Laestrygonians. They were then welcomed by the Queen and invited them for dinner
but they refused and run back
to their ships. The
Laestrygonians throw boulders
at their ships and ended up
with only one ship and a
few of his men.
From there, Odysseus
and his men travel to Aeaea,
home of the beautiful
witch-goddess Circe. Circe
drugs a band of Odysseus' men
and turns them into pigs. When Odysseus goes to rescue them,
Hermes approaches him in the
form of a young man. He tells Odysseus to eat an herb
called Moly to protect himself
from Circe's drug and then
lunge at her when she tries to
strike him with
Odysseus follows Hermes' instructions, overpowering Circe and forcing her to change his men back to their human forms. Odysseus soon
becomes Circe's lover, and
he and his men live with
her in luxury
for a year.
As he sets sail, Odysseus passes Circe’s counsel on to his men. They approach the island of the lovely Sirens, and Odysseus, as instructed by Circe, plugs his men’s ears with beeswax.
He alone hears their song flowing forth from the island, promising to reveal the future. The Sirens’ song is so seductive that Odysseus begs to be released from his fetters, but his faithful men only bind him tighter.
Once they have passed the Sirens’ island, Odysseus and his men must navigate the straits between Scylla and Charybdis.
Odysseus next comes to Thrinacia, the island of the Sun. He wants to avoid it entirely, but the outspoken Eurylochus persuades him to let his beleaguered crew rest there. A storm keeps them beached for a month, and at first the crew is content to survive on its provisions in
When these run out, however, Eurylochus persuades the other crew members to disobey Odysseus and slaughter the cattle of the Sun. They do so one afternoon as Odysseus sleeps; when the Sun finds out, he asks Zeus to punish Odysseus and his men.
Zeus kicks up another storm which lead to the death of Odysseus' crew leaving him barely alive. The storm sweeps him all the way back to Charybdis and to Ogygia, which is Calypso's island.
Calypso kept Odysseus a prisoner in the island for seven years. She wanted Odysseus to be her immortal husband and give him the eternal youth.
He was released by Calypso because Athena (Odysseus' patron god) asked Zeus to order Calypso to let him go home.
Odysseus got back home to Ithaca and was reunited with his Telemachus. Telemachus told him about Penelope’s suitors, so they plot a revenge.
Odysseus disguised as a beggar, he asked Telemachus to lock up the suitors’ weapons. Penelope saw and talked to Odysseus who was still dressed as a beggar.
After that, Penelope proposed a contest to his suitors and said that he will finally choose someone to be her husband. None of them made it, except for Odysseus. He finally revealed himself and killed all the suitors. Odysseus was then reunited with Penelope.
Once he had 12 ships at his command and, his crew, after elaving Troy, plundered Cicones.
He and his crew sail through a gale and went to a far land of the Lotus-Eaters.