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The Baby Boom
Transcript of The Baby Boom
By: Kristan Rea and Cindy Tran
A baby boom is a sudden rise in the number of births observed from year to year.
What is a baby boom?
From 1946 to 1965, Canada’s birth rate increased dramatically. During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the birth rate was incredibly slow in most Western Countries. After the end of the second World War, economic conditions improved, people began immigrating to Canada, as well as having many children. This boom lasted for 20 years.
Canada’s population went from about 11 000 000 in 1940 to close to 20 000 000 by 1965. In 2011, the children of baby boomers comprised 27% of the total population.
The baby boomers had a major impact on Canadian society. The need of new schools and teachers to accommodate for the increase in the population of youth was required. About 500 000 new students entered school each year.
The baby boom was caused by soldiers returning from World War II who wanted to start families.
Women were treated much differently in the baby boom generation. They were first portrayed as housewives only. Many women had dreams to be so much more but they lost those dreams along the way with the troubles of motherhood and marriage. Soon after the baby boomers were born, more workers were now needed, and so women were free to work even after they gave birth.
The average number of children per woman was 3.7 during the baby boom period, compared to about 1.7 in recent years.
As the baby boom generation begins to age
by the years, the greying of Canada's population will accelerate, and the health care system will need to adapt to meet the future needs of a growing senior population.
Increase in population means, more labor resource available to produce more goods and services along with more households to consume them, this results an increase in GDP Growth, which increases the living standards of the nation.
After the war, family allowances known as the "baby bonus" encouraged young couples to have more children.
After the war, education became more important to Canadians. Families starting placing greater expectations on Canadian students. Jobs now required people to have better educations than previous generations.
As the Canadian population grew, by the 60s and 70s, more schools had to be built for the baby boomers to have an education. By the 80s and 90s, the financial needs of the baby boomers required new banking and investment services.
In 1956, when John George Diefenbaker became Prime Minister of Canada, he improved social programs to provide greater aid to those in need. Diefenbaker opened Canada's doors to immigrants from Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. This helped Canada's population grow as well as become more multicultural.
Because of changes in society's attitudes and values, students stayed in school longer, married later, and had fewer children. As a result, baby boom women joined the labor force at different times. The different rates of economic growth since the 1960s meant that at each stage of their working lives, early boomers experienced different economic conditions than did late boomers. This, in turn, affected their employment and earnings
This is because many baby boomers born in the past are now getting older and starting to become ill. They need more medical centers to accommodate this situation. This means that there will be more job opportunities for jobs such as doctors, dentists, pharmacists and surgeons.
In today's generation, kids of the baby boomers no longer find in necessary to have a lot of kids or any kids at all.
Government no longer pays more to working citizens with larger families and so Canadians find that having many children will cost a lot of money.
The baby boom inspired growth, pride and stability in Canada.
After the war was over, Canadians came together to celebrate our accomplishments united as a country.
Citizens were now open to more jobs. More people, including women, started being hired to work permanently in government, schools, hospitals, and other important jobs.
Canadians were able to freely enjoy life without any restrictions. We were now confident that they can live a more stable lifestyle, free from another great depression and harm in the world.