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Canada- Government & Political System

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lisa beck

on 28 November 2012

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Transcript of Canada- Government & Political System

The Queen Federal Government Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, is Canada's formal head of state
The Governor General represents the Queen in Canada The Senate reviews laws that are proposed by the House of Commons
Senators provide "regional" representation
The prime minister chooses the senators The House of Commons makes Canada's laws
Canadians elect representatives (MPs)
The political party that has the largest number of MPs forms the government, and its leader becomes prime minister plurality voting system Provincial government local governments Federal government Federal government
Responsible for things that affect the whole country, such as citizenship and immigration, national defence and trade with other countries.

Provincial and territorial governments
Responsible for such things as education, health care and highways.

Municipal (local) governments
Responsible for city streets and local matters. Canadas Political System Relationship to the UK Canada is a Commonwealth realms, so the Queen is the Head of State Economical Relationship Formal Relationship only 2 countries that are members of the NATO, the G8, the G20 & the Commomwealth
relationship based on long tradition
Canada.- United Kingdom Joint Declaration ( Ottawa 2011)
common campaign against international terrorism Canada is 2. largest financial contributor of the Commonwealth ( after the UK)
UK is most important European trading partner
UK is Canada's 2. largest good's export market
also 2. largest source of tourists
Canadian companies invest in UK Relationships Relationship to the USA Canada and the USA share the longest not defended border in the world Governmental Relationship close collaboration in military & economic affairs
Canada disagreed with the Vietnam War, the Status of Cuba, the Iraq War & the War on Terrorism
now: good relationship
first international trip of Obama was to Canada, he said : "I love this country. We could not have a better friend and ally." Economic Relationship North American free trade Agreement from 1938
chief economic partners
large scale on tourism & migration The Quebec Referendum "Do you agree that Quebec should become sovereign after having made a formal offer to Canada for a new economic and political partnership within the scope of the bill respecting the future of Quebec and of the agreement signed on June 12, 1995?" The formation of the Canadian Confederation Canadian Confederation British Colonies British-Canadian nationalism - one country dominated by the English language and British culture
fears of possible U.S. expansion northward
economic nationalism and the promise of economic development
an inter-colony railroad which would improve trade, military movement, and transportation in general Reasons 1995 the government of Quebec wanted the referendum to be independent from Canada & the British Crown
it was declined by the Quebecois
NO: 50,58%
Yes: 49,42% Quebec Conference and Charlottetown Conference - framework for London Conference of 1866 uniting British colonies in North America into a federation
formation of the Dominion of Canada on July 1, 1867.
The term dominion was chosen to indicate Canada's status as a self-governing colony of the British Empire three British colonies were formed into four Canadian provinces.
British Province of Canada was divided into the new Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec
two other British colonies, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia became provinces of Canada. Constitution Act 1982 The Constitution Act, 1982 established the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
rights of aboriginal peoples of Canada
provides a basis for equalization between the provinces
Set the rules for amending the Constitution
Britain surrenders the power to make laws affecting Canada Canadas economic situation Labour force by occupation:
agriculture: 2%
manufacturing: 13%
construction: 6%
services: 76%

7.2 % (July 2011)

$462.4 billion (2011 est.)
industrial machinery, fertilizers; wood pulp,timber,natural gas, electricity, aluminum

$461 billion (2011 est.) good trading statistics are pushing economic groth The high export rate is creating new jobs in Canada A high employment rate in the service sector is the perfect foundation for a cosumption pushing economy Govenor General David Lloyd Johnston Prime Minister Stephen Harper Who´s that chick ? Government and Political System What do you think, how Canadas economy could evolve ? What dou you think, bothered the people about the confederation? Consider material from the lessons. The End ! Thank you for your attention Quellen http://www.canadiana.ca/citm/themes/constitution/constitution16_e.html#constitutionact
http://www.constitutionofcanada.com/history-of-the-constitution.shtml Table of contents Government and Political System
Canadian Confederation
Constitution Act 1982
Foreign Canadian relations
Economy Canada has a parliamentary system within the context of a constitutional monarchy http://www.canadainternational.gc.ca/united_kingdom-royaume_uni/bilateral_relations_bilaterales/index.aspx?lang=eng&view=d
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