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Class divisions in the South

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by

Maya Figliuolo

on 2 December 2013

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Transcript of Class divisions in the South

Class divisions in the South
Why did they start?
The reason why class divisions started is the existence of differences, variety. The fact that some people are wealthier and more well-known than others created this system that ranks people in different sections or categories depending on their economic, moral and social status. But for african americans, it was a "different story", they were part of the lowest subdivision of the working class and this was just because of their skin color, something completely unfair.
What were the pros and cons of each class division?
We cannot really say there are positive features for every class division during the 1930's. African Americans, for example, did not have any rights, were discriminated and worked for much less money than the white population of the working class, after all. However something that the upper class society considered a negative feature and the lower classes considered a positive feature were taxes. Upper classes had to pay taxes because they were wealthier than the inferior classes. These taxes helped the other classes financially.
Is the meaning of "class division" still the same nowadays?
Before it was different. Because a social class was, at the time, a set of concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories, the most common being the upper, middle, and lower classes. Now it's a bit more different, but we still have divisions: "rich, middle and working" class. We don't really use upper class, middle class, and lower classes execpt for some countries (like India)
What were some social and class divisions amongst the black community in the antebellum south?
They did have their own "class" distinctions among themselves, to a point. The slaves who were picked to be personal maids to the "ladies of the mansion", or as nannies for the young children, usually lived in the house. These were considered as "upper class" to those who worked in the fields, and outside the "great house"... [This may have caused somewhat of a division within the African American slave community, itself.]
How and why are class divisions (in the South) related to the book "to kill a mockingbird"?
To Kill a Mockingbird takes place in the years 1933 to 1935, during the Great Depression and the era of Jim Crow laws. The novel discusses the contradictions in life. Scout, the main character, learns that things are not always as they should be and is confronted with the ugly reality of prejudice and stereotyping. Scout is struggles with understanding the prejudice she witnesses, the prejudice she endures, and her own prejudice against others. The novel raises many questions about class divisions.
By Maya Figliuolo,
Barbara Salazar & Lea Leonard
What are class divisions?
In sociology, class divisions or social stratification is a concept involving the "classification of people into groups based on shared socio-economic conditions, a relational set of inequalities with economic, social, political and ideological dimensions." When differences lead to greater status, power or privilege for some groups over the other it is called social stratification. It is a system by which society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy.
Stratification is broadly organized into three main layers: upper class, middle class, and lower class. Each of these classes can be further subdivided into smaller classes.
from the "to kill a mockingbird" movie
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