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Terrorist Group


Jonny Behan

on 27 April 2010

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Transcript of Terrorist Group

al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya "Islamic Group" in Arabian Established in the 1970's -Militant student groups formed
after the leadership of the Muslim
Brotherhood renounced violence. Goals: -The establishment of an
Islamic State in Egypt. -To replace Egypt's secular government
with an Islamic State based on Sharia
-Devoid of "un-islamic" influences. Enemy(s): -Those in opposition of
their beliefs on the state
of Egypt.
-America -In 1998 the group's current ocupational leader Rifa'i Taha Musa signed a proclamation that calls for attacks against U.S. citizens made by Osama bin Laden. Non-Militant History: -After the massacre killing 58 in 1997 in Luxor Egypt, IG unofficially split into two factions, one condoning violence (led by Rifa'i Taha Musa) and one condemning it (led by Mustafa Hamza). -Renounced bloodshed in 2003, leading to the freeing of over a thousand members in September of that year; Many have written books renouncing their ideology of violence. -Allegedly, the leader of Al-Qaeda announced a new alliance with a faction of IG. Leaders: Omar Abdel-Rahman--- Spirtitual Leader of movement.
Rifa'i Taha Musa---------- Faction leader condoning violence.
Mustafa Hamza----------- Faction leader condemning violence. Members: -At one point and time, the group boasted
of thousands of members. -Militant student groups. Recruitment---- -Originally the group was mainly
composed of university students,
later moving to inmates. Since recently
poor membership, the group has focused
on poor cities and rural areas. -They have a say, and power. -They follow no regulations. Area: -Upper Nile Regions, university populations
in Cairo and Alexandria, and primarily upper Egypt. -University graduates frustrated by
widespread unemployment. Funding: -IG is believed to recieve funding from Iran, bin Laden, and Afghan militant groups, as well as other Islamic nongovernmental organizations. Targets and Methodolgy: -The organization targets people and interests
they believe obsruct the idea of an Islamic State. -Employs multitudes of tactics, including car
bombs, suicide bombs, and gunfire. Attacks: -1997 massacre of 58 foreign tourists in Luxor -Allegedly associated with the assasination of
President Anwar Sadat. -Suspected of a 1995 assassination attempt
on Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. -1995 car bomb attack on Egyptian embassy
killing 16. -Attacks seem to be motivated solely on IG group goals rather
than publicity, however it gains such from said attacks. Factors: -Actions are based on goals, actions
by Egyptian government result in actions
by IG. -Non-proportional responses
to emphasize points. -Religion is important due to the goals are
that of an anti-secular belief. This justifies
questionable actions as they are in the name of
religion. Opposition Reactions: -The group attempts to show the means they will use to achieve the goals, therefore to frighten the Egyptian government. This resulted in an eventual split of the group, along with many becoming encarcerated.
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