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Transcript of Emploment Insurance
In Canada Employment Insurance is government financial assistance for individuals who have lost their job. Additionally, Employment Insurance is financial aid for individuals who are unable to work due to illness, illness in a family, or are caring or a young child.
During the time of Post-World War I, Canada was faced with the problems of integrating returning soldiers back into Canadian life while at the same time dealing with an economic recession. Therefore, the federal government introduced the 1918 Employment Officers Co-ordination Act, which allowed the federal government to subsidize provincial programs.
Royal Commission on Industrial revolutions launched research in unemployment insurance and recommended it be implemented into government, and drew up a report.
With the end of the economic crisis in the mid 1920s, however, the federal government eliminated the program and reduced its Employment Services funding. The cuts were due to the fact that, in normal times, unemployment was perceived as a local, rather than federal or provincial issue.
The Great Depression!
(1929-1939)- Canadians were dependent on the export of raw materials and agriculture, and with widespread drought throughout the Prairies, there jobs became scarce. From 1929-1933, Gross National Expenditure dropped by 42%, and as people spent less, there was less profit to be made in other sectors.The value of commodities dropped significantly as well. Due to the lack of government intervention, the four prairie provinces underwent total fiscal collapse. Unemployment rates bordered 20%, with one in five Canadians requiring welfare just to survive. and citizens pushed for unemployment insurance and more government intervention.
It wasn't until an economic depression in the 1870s that Canada first experienced widespread unemployment, which left thousands of Canadians jobless. When it did appear, unemployment tended to be viewed as more of an individual and local issue. It was considered a problem lying within the individual, rather than a broader social issue which required state action. Help to the unemployed was mainly provided by churches, municipalities, and other charitable groups. It was only occasional, emergency assistance from federal and provincial governments.
W.L. Mackenzie King, the Prime Minister of the time, refused to address many of the economic conflicts Canada faced. He failed in providing jobs for the unemployed, wishing to delegate this work to the provincial governments.
-R.B. Bennett wins the election and becomes Prime Minister. Initially,
he followed King’s footsteps, maintaining a hands-off policy until 1935, when he proposed a change
-The Single Men’s Unemployment Association formed and marched in protests because local governments would not provide single or homeless men aid
Unemployment Relief Camps: The Department of Defence began running unemployment camps, men were paid 20 cents/day for manual labour
- Bennett tries to introduce the Employment and Social Act.
- It is rejected by The Supreme Court of Canada and Privy Council of Great Britain as it is claimed to be unconstitutional, because it was overstepping into the provincial authority.
August of 1940!
- Unemployment Insurance Program is adopted.
- People who were in working condition, but unable to find suitable work, or had suffered an injury or illness rendering them unsuitable for work, would be provided insurance benefits so long as they had worked a minimum of 180 days in the past two years.
- These individuals would be required to attend instructional or training sessions as requested by the Royal Commission to ensure they remained suitable to return to the work force.
Mobilization of WWII (1939)!
The national unemployment insurance program becomes fully operational
As mobilization efforts came into the playing field, citizens; again, pushed for the government to provide unemployment insurance and speed the process of implementing the practice in government
In 1970, the federal government released a white paper, entitled Unemployment Insurance in the 1970s, which proposed to make unemployment insurance more generous while embracing a wider level of service for workers. The white paper subsequently led to the passage of new Unemployment Insurance Act in 1971, which greatly liberalized unemployment insurance in Canada in terms of access and benefits.
"Unemployment Insurance is renamed "Employment Insurance"
- The Employment Insurance Act
has created a economic net for all Canadians.
- This has created security for Canadians in their income, however, some Canadians worry some individuals make take advantage and chose not to work during off seasons. - - When applying for Employment Insurance must have previously worked from 420 to 700 hours. Individuals must prove they are unemployed and are registered at Human Resources Center, proving they are looking for and willing to work.
- The maximum an individual may receive is $413 per week as of 1997.
- Payments are determined based on previous unemployment, previous insurance claims, and the unemployment rate in their region.
Smith, D. A. (2006, July 02). Employment Insurance. Retrieved March 03, 2016, from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/employment-insurance/
Struthers, J., & Foot, R. (13, November 07). Great Depression. Retrieved March 3, 2016, from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/great-depression/
Labour Gazette. (1943, May). Unemployment Insurance in Canada. Retrieved March 4, 2016, from http://socserv.mcmaster.ca/oldlabourstudies/onlinelearning/article.php?id=704
Makarenko, J. (2009, September 22). Employment Insurance In Canada: History, Structure, and Issues. Retrieved March 3, 2016, from