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SS 9: Industrial Revolution: The Factory Age

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Devon Allen

on 27 August 2013

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Transcript of SS 9: Industrial Revolution: The Factory Age

The Factory Age Industrial Revolution Your tags is out! Where are the clothes you’re wearing from? Factories and People Where did clothes come From? Making it at Home The Factory Age ? Before the industrial revolution everything was made in people’s houses. "Cottage Industry” Capitalist: a person with money to invest.The capitalist would pay people a fixed price to make items in their homes. How it Worked Spinning & Weaving – done in cottages (supplement to farming income)Products Sold by clothiers Advantages Disadvantages Live and work in own community
Close to Home
Support from family and friends
Income benefited the family Advantages Disadvantages These jobs were poorly paid
Extremely long work hours
Everyone could do it
Worked alone – employers had all control Where would you rather work? How would the new inventions of the Industrial Revolution make the cottage system obsolete? Reasons Explanations Needed a source of energy (steam/water) Large Equipment (Water Frame) ??? Conclusions New Machines required factories for space and energy supply. The switch from the cottage system to the factory system was a massive change for thousands and thousands of British people. The creation of factories led to the creation of new cities.

People migrated from the country homes to live in large housing developments. The Factory System made Britain a very rich country. But it was not so for the people... People could no longer work form home so they moved to the city. Arkwright: was the first to build a giant factory where all the work was done under one roof. Raw fibres were cleaned, spun, and woven under ONE roof. What do you think the factory conditions would be like? One building all the machines and all the people, all together... And EVERYONE was now controlled by ONE owner. What might be the disadvantages to having ONE owner control everything? The Explanation The Explanation Owners cared very little for their employees or their working conditions: -noisy environment
-dangerous equipment
-dirty building
-extremely low wages
-long hours Why would the Factory Owners not care about the working conditions for their employees? Expenses have to be paid before a company can turn a profit. Expenses: equipment, factory conditions, and labour costs. The Explanation Any money spent on making improvements or on workers cut into the profits. This created a factory system where there were appalling working conditions in which people were forced to work.
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