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Sentence Types

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by

Jonathan LeMaster

on 24 October 2013

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Transcript of Sentence Types

Simple Sentence
Compound Sentences
Complex Sentences
Sentence Types
Leap Forward with Good Sentences
IC
.
AC
,

Simple
Compound
Complex
Compound Complex
Good writing has style. One way to add style is to vary your sentences. Sometimes we need to express our complex thoughts through sophisticated language.
After
Although
Because
Before
Even if
If
Coordinating Conjunctions
Conjunctive Adverbs
however
surprisingly
therefore
luckily
confidently
unfortunately
Compound-
Complex Sentences

Strong writers use a variety of sentence lengths and types to effectively communicate ideas. This presentation will introduce you to four common sentence structures. Mastering these sentence types will greatly improve your writing. These sentences are utilized in all content areas.
Types of Sentences
Why?
All four of these sentence types contain a complete sentence known as an
independent clause (IC)
. A
simple sentence
contains only one
IC
or one complete sentence with a subject and predicate.
Let's take a look
at the
simple sentence
A
simple sentence
has one
independent clause (IC)
. An
independent clause
(or complete sentence) contains a subject and predicate. This sentence is referred to as "simple" because it communicates simple ideas through a simple structure.
The iPod battery lasts for days.
These lines are editing marks. They stand for capitalization.
Always capitalize the first
letter in a sentence.
This dot represents
the period. All sentences need punctuation
(.) (?) (!) at the end.
Beginning of the sentence.
End of the sentence.
A
compound sentence
has two
independent clauses (IC)
. The
independent clauses (IC)
(or complete sentences) can be combined in three ways.
For
And
Nor
But
Or
Yet
So
An easy way to remember all the
coordinating conjunctions (CC)
is to think "FANBOYS." The first letter in each
coordinating conjunction

(CC)
spells FANBOYS.
The USC tour thrilled my cousin,
so
she recommended that I see the campus.
Let's move to
compound sentences
Remember!
.
IC
IC
1) Coordinating Conjunction (CC)
2) Conjunctive Adverb (CA)
3) Use a semicolon
CC
first complete sentence
second complete sentence
,
.
IC
IC
CA
The USC tour thrilled my cousin;
therefore
, she recommended that I see the campus.
;
Notice the punctuation:
semicolon and a comma.
;
.
IC
IC
In order to create a
compound sentence
with only a semicolon, the ideas in each sentence must be directly related. No coordination (or matching) is required because the ideas are clearly connected.
The USC tour thrilled my cousin
;
she highly recommended it.
IC
A
complex sentence
has one
independent clause (IC)
and one
dependent clause
(or incomplete sentence)

called an
adverbial clause (AC).
AC
IC
,
Subordinating Conjunctions
Adverbial Clauses
In order to
No matter how
Since
Unless
When
Whenever
Adverbial clauses
describe a verb in the
independent clause
and answers questions like where, why, how, when, and to what degree.
independent sentence
with a dependent clause
.
.
Use
subordinating conjunctions
to create

adverbial clause
. Here are some sample
conjunctions
.
Mark went to the bank
because
he needed money
.
Why did he go to the bank?
Stacey enjoys jogging
before

she goes to work
.
When does she jog?
Adverbial clauses
begin with
subordinating
conjunctions
.
Adverbial clauses
can be used at the
beginning of a sentence.
If

Felix wins tomorrow
, he will donate his winnings.
What will Felix do if he wins?
A
compound-complex sentence
has one or more coordinated
independent clauses (IC)
and one
dependent clause (DC)
. These types of sentences combine what you have learned about
compound
and
complex sentences
and put them together.
Combine
independent clauses
with...
Coordinating Conjunctions
Conjunctive Adverbs
FANBOYS
Although, however, therefore...
Use
subordinating conjunctions
to create...
Adverbial Clauses
[
IC

DC
] or [
DC
,
IC
]
Because
you will be expected to write well in college, we want to prepare you for your future,
and
teach you the techniques good writes use to communicate effectively.
Can you identify the one dependent and two independent clauses in this sentence? What makes this a compound-complex sentence?
Full transcript